Firstly, the main food provided for the panda is bamboo. This includes yellow groove bamboo and Bisects bamboo; both are used at the Smithsonian Zoo in Washington DC. If possible, 200 g. Fresh bamboo leaves should be offered daily to each animal. It is desirable to obtain representative samples of the bamboo offered throughout the year and to have them chemically analyzed. Such an analysis is best conducted in a forage laboratory such as those of the local university or agricultural agencies. Protein (COP), fat (E), acid detergent fiber (UDF), calcium (Ca) and phosphorous (P) are the main nutrients needed. If bamboo samples are similar in composition to the biscuit portion of the diet then more bamboo may be offered than the recommended 200 g of bamboo eaves, up to a maximum of egg.

If bamboo is unavailable or seasonally available then fiber must be incorporated into the concentrate portion of the diet (the biscuit). If an appropriate biscuit is not provided than an additional fiber source such as ground beet pulp must be provided in some acceptable form (possibly unsweetened gruel) or through and adequate source of grass and plants in the enclosure. These constitute the principal diet of pandas. Also, pandas are fed leaf-eater biscuits daily which provide them with vitamins and minerals. Every effort should be made to invert pandas to a nutritionally complete biscuit (pellet/cake is included in this term) diet.

It is important to note that if one biscuit does not prove palatable, others may be used as long as they fall within the nutrient guidelines. Adult animals with a body weight of between five and six kilos, have been found to consume between 145-200 g. Of biscuits each day. Food consumption should be monitored closely and adjustments made in accordance with the number, size, weight and nutritional condition of the animals. Pandas have a higher energy requirement in the winter months and probably also in late gestation, during lactation and especially during growth.

During these times the animals should always be fed enough so as to have at least 3 % of the total food offered is left uneaten. When animals are housed together it may be important to offer food in more than one bowl and in several locations. This will ensure that all animals will have access to the same food items and will help prevent one animal from potentially dominating the food situation and excluding others from the more nutritious components of the diet. 2 Pandas which are off their DOD (this can occur in varying circumstances) can be tempted to eat by a sweetened gruel or by smearing their biscuits with a sweet product. Slightly soaking the biscuits in orange Juice has worked in some zoos). It is important that the sweetener/ gruel is withdrawn from the diet as soon as possible to avoid dental problems. Young pandas around the time tot weaning are susceptible to death through starvation. Such deaths have been reported m young pandas ranging between 5-7 months. It is important to check young pandas regularly at this time. Young animals which are not accepting the normal diet adequately should be provided with a sweetened gruel and extra bamboo at this time.

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They can then be weaned onto the normal diet gradually. They are also fed a range of fruits and vegetables but in small quantity. This is because too much would dilute the nutrients in the biscuit thus lowering the nutrient content of the diet. Most often medication is put inside fruits so that the medications seem more palatable for the pandas. There are also fruitless which are frozen apples and pears in a water bucket which serve as a cooling agent during a hot summer haze. Advise and proposed material and appropriate resources for their accommodation for construction purposes. 30 marks) Pandas are only found in the undisturbed mountain forests of some parts of central China. More specifically, their habitat is the bamboo forests of the Tibetan plateau and southwest China 4,000 to 12,000 Ft above sea level. 11500 mm of land is sufficient for the habitat of the 2 pandas. The habitat, suitable for the bamboo on which they survive, is a cold, damp coniferous forest. They may descend to lower elevations during winter and spring in search of edible bamboo. In most of the areas in which they still roam wild, they must compete with farmers who farm the river valleys and the lower slopes of the mountains.

The panda’s habitat is found in one of the most biologically rich temperature forests on the planet. Since several peaks are taller than 3000 meters, the Ginning Mountains will function as a barrier against the cool and dry air that travels from the north. On the southern slopes, a warm and protected environment is therefore created – ideal for the bamboo plants on which the panda bear depend. The southern slopes will also receive plenty of warm rains hat make prolific growth possible and you will find a rich variety of endemic species in this part of the world.

The typical panda habitat is not only filled with bamboo plants, but other exotic species such as Rhododendron, Ginkgo, Chinese yew and Ginning fir trees as well. To build an appropriate environment a good preparation is needed. Firstly, a large area is needed. Only a zoo is big enough to accommodate these animals and as such personally breeding a panda is not recommended. Furthermore, there must be trees to provide shade during hot summer times, as well s bamboo trees to re-create a habitat as natural as possible.

Also, climbing trees must be inserted as they love to Just climb on trees to relax and have a nap. There must also be a shallow or deep pool so they can have a refreshing bath. This can also be replaced with a waterfall under which they can lie and enjoy the refreshing water. Moreover, an air-cooled or water-cooled grotto would provide much comfort for these adorable beasts. These are caves which are either cooled with fresh air for the first one or cold water running around which keeps the walls of the grotto cold for the second one.

A foggier should also be used to re-create the forest effect so that the pandas feel more at ease. A rotten log can also be placed where the pandas can discover various smells. These are basic requirements for pandas. These will ensure they grow in a habitat that makes them as nappy as possible. To raise tends tort the Pandas, various methods can be used for e. G. Stamps can be sold, collecting money from advertising by sending emails letters to people and posters can be put on walls to make people aware of the ways they are trying to collect money to save pandas.

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