Risk management at the work place
Risk management is becoming an important component of management. Given the place of this core component the college has given the department some sort of autonomy in terms of planning and monitoring of the entire process of risk management (Risk management at work). As the chief executive in the department it offers numerous challenges particularly given the setting of the college within the city centre. The risks the department addresses are abound and insurmountable (Clarke S., Cooper C). Nevertheless, precautionary measures have to be put into place to curb the adverse effects that could otherwise result from any such risks.
The Maxim College is located along the Missile Street that is said to be the busiest with the town vicinity. The college has two functional building; one along the Missile walk and the other on the opposite side along the Luvele Walk. Both the two premises are flats. The building along Missile walks house the administration block and offices for the tutors. On the fifth floor of this building are the college library and the boardroom. In the basement lies the general packing bay for the senior staff, tutors, administrators and guests.
On the Luvele walk, Java House houses the student’s lecture rooms and halls. On the second flow of the building, there is the students’ recreational hall and cafeteria. Students and the teaching staff dine in this cafeteria. On the fifth floor of the Java house there is the students centre housing offices for the student leaders and support staff for the student leaders. In the backyard of Java house, there is a packing yard for the general public and reserved ones for the student leaders.
Joining the Luvele walk and the Missile walk is a pedestrian fly over. The fly over is appropriately designed to serve the two sides of the Missile street. However, more often and on pretext that the users of the fly over are late for their programs the fly over tend to be largely ignore. The lecturers in particular opt to cross the stress across the road rather than use the fly over. The area most commonly used for crossing has no such provision as there are neither traffic lights nor zebra crossing.
Pedestrian Crossing Risk Management System
The available information is indicative of the nature of the impeding risk being posed by the pedestrian crossing problem. Occasionally vehicles have screeched to avoid knocking down crossing pedestrians. The most recent from the reliable information sources was the narrow escape by the linguistic lecture in her effort to pick her cell phone that had dropped. Apparently she survived because of the utter keenness of the driver.
Identification of hazards
As the manager in charge in first needed to establish the likelihood of the hazard occurring I needed take some vantage position and assess the hazards that were likely at the crossing point. Indeed, the hazards were bigger than had been projected by prior reports and information received by my office. The hazards were broad based and covered a wider area than I had initially perceived. Ideally most road users along the street believed that crossing at the point of the college was safer because vehicle slowed down on reaching the point. Purportedly, drivers feared that students would turn violent when such hazards happened at the point.
On asking the pedestrians who used the point to cross, it emerged that the fly over seemed a long cut compared to crossing across the open road. Similarly, it also emerged that the students had made it a routine to have vehicle slow down when approaching the point when they were still using the staff offices for their classrooms. During this days, it emerged students arrogantly went across the road without considering it as a health hazard. Subsequently it had turned out to be a culture that seemed to live the test of time.
The hazard was therefore worth the immediate consideration of the management office and to me, it was more of a time bomb that could erupt any time sooner than later. According to the systems approach to management, even the risk posed to passers-by was a soul responsibility of the college risk management office and it needed to be addressed forthwith.
To ascertain further the extend of the hazard I took it upon my self to seek the views of the teaching staff on the issue and it was apparent that most of the teaching staff preferred going across rather than using the fly over. Presumably, the use of the fly over could waste their time and was an apparent long cut compared to directly crossing.
Inherently it also emerged from the discussions that there had been naggings over the usefulness of the flyover. Arguably given that the fly over was erected to the lever of the fist floor of the staff and administration there was not need climbing down stairs and walking up again on the flyover. The tutors were then expected to climb up again once they had crossed over to Java house to get to the lecture halls.
There is indeed a very high risk at the crossing point. Nevertheless it needs to be appreciated that the flyover was well intended and its effective use would ultimately elude possible risks arising from the crossing of the road without the use of the fly over. The risks involved would range from death arising from an accident to mild injuries if the impact was not that much. The rating of the risks would be as tabulated in the table (James F.).
More than even chance
Less than even chance
More than even chance
Less than even chance
The likelihood of death occurring as a result of an accident would be relatively low if the road user is a frequent one. However, if the road user is a new one it is probable that the speeding would be high and therefore there is a high likelihood of instant death.
The frequency scale was represented from the analysis as represented below with mild injuries being the most common risk outcomes.
Risk Frequency TABLE
Injuries after every week
Injuries after 2 days
Injuries on daily basis
Serious accidents weekly
Serious accident after 2 days
Serious accidents daily
Accidents for ICU weekly
Accidents for ICU in two days
Accidents for ICU daily
While there is a low likelihood that the accidents along the road ii only modest that precautionary measures are taken to curb the likelihood of any occurring or even having the lesser evil of mild injuries on the staff.
Given that the risks have been identified and their subsequent evaluation done, the department will undertake steps towards curbing the risks and/or reducing the effects thereof.
Complete elimination of the risk
To utterly remove and eliminate the likely risk of accidents along the point of crossing; the management will construct a barrier along the sidewalks of the street covering the college area. Given the tutors re always seeking for a shortcut, following the sidewalks up to the point where there is no barrier will appear a long cut and therefore it will offer them the best alternative to use the flyover.
Replacing the flyover
It would be also a worth alternative to erect a direct flyover right from the first flow across from the administration block to the tuition block (Baram, M S). This would evade the scapegoat of climbing up and down while the lecturers are going for their lessons. Besides, it would also act as a short cut across the street for the lecturers. This would not ultimately eliminate the risk because it would only be used by the tutors and therefore leave out the passers-by. And as has already been observed in accordance to the systems approach to management, it would still be the responsibility of the college to come in and salvage the situation.
Enclosure of the risk point
While the first intervention measure would be used in the ensuring the problem does not occur altogether, it will achieve this through the enclosure principle; the management will construct a barrier along the sidewalks of the street covering the college area. Given the tutors re always seeking for a shortcut, following the sidewalks up to the point where there is no barrier will appear a long cut and therefore it will offer them the best alternative to use the flyover.
Guarding the point of risk
The point of risks would equally be avoided through ensuring that the tutor offices are transferred to the same sides as the street (Rene L). This will reduce the chances that either the tutors or the students will have to cross the street to attend to their lessons.
The college risk management office will also advocate for the erection of pumps along the street to check the over speeding vehicle that use the street. Ideally the pump can be coupled with zebra crossing drawn along the pumps. There also need to be sign posts to the same effect to make sure the road users do not subsequent have their lives jeopardized.
Written safety procedures
The risk management department will also develop fliers that can be used to educate the general public and the college community on the importance of using the fly over compared to crossing across the busy road. Posters could also be posted on the college notice boards educating the members on the risks of cross the busy road (Module 4 risk management).
The diagram shows possible risk control measure that the risk management department will undertake to achieve maximum risk control.
Implementation of control strategies
The central approach will be centered on erecting a direct fly over from the administration block to the tuition block building. This approach will not only reduce the distance walked by the tutor and students but will also make the crossing more convenient (Wassell, J T). In addressing the issue of the passers-by getting injuries at the spot adjacent to the college vicinity perimeter netting would be erected alongside the fly over. This will address the department central concern which will be the worker of the college.
A team will also be selected from the risk management to collect relevant information from the workers concerning the effectiveness of the risk mitigation measures adopted.
The department will closely monitor the risks. Amongst the variable that will be monitored will be the number of workers using the flyover. This will be an indicator that there is considerable impact created by the department’s efforts.
Similarly the number of the risks being experienced at the spot should be able to drop tremendously over the period of project implementation. In addition the general public will avoid crossing the road without using the fly over. When this happens it will be done over the zebra crossing point.
Baram, M S charting the future course for corporate management of health risks, American Journal of Public Health, Oct84, Vol. 74 Issue 10, p1163-1166
Best R., Langston C, Valence G., Workplace strategies and facilities management, Butterworth Heinemann, 2003
Clarke S., Cooper C., Managing the risk of workplace stress: health and safety hazards, 2004 Routledge
James F. Broder Risk analysis and the security survey Butterworth Heinemann, 2006
Module 4 risk management: establishing parameters
Rene L global challenges to equity in safety and health at work: struggles for fair work in southern Africa, Perspectives on Global Development & Technology, 2004, Vol. 3 Issue 1/2, p153-170
Risk management at work
Wassell, J T occupational injury risk assessment: an unintended and unanticipated consequences of the red book, Human & Ecological Risk Assessment, Aug2003, Vol. 9 Issue 5, p1383-1390