Harmonizing to Willis ‘s Practice and Procedure for the Quantity Surveyor ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, p.1 ) , the function of the measure surveying has been defined by Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors ( RICS, 1971 ) as “ guaranting that the resources of the building industry are utilised to the best advantage of society by supplying, inter alia, the fiscal direction for undertakings and a cost consultancy service to the client and interior decorator during the whole building procedure. ”
However, the functions of the measure appraising profession within the modern-day built environment will be discussed as follows:
Preliminary cost advice
One of the measure surveyor functions is to guarantee that the proposed undertaking is carefully constructed, in footings of costs originating throughout full design and building procedure ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, p.121 ) . Quantity surveyor besides acts to propose his professional and dependable advices to his client on affair of cost at assorted phases during the design and building procedure. The advices given during origin phase are critical of import as the determinations taken in this phase will earnestly impact the quality of plants to be carried out ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, p.122 ) . Ashworth and Hogg ( 2007, p.121 ) stated that “ the measure surveyor will offer cost advice for the comparative design solutions of the options stuffs to be used or the signifier of building to be adopted. ” Quantity surveyor is the recognized professional cost and value adviser, their measuring and rating cognition are without equal ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, p.123 ) .
Harmonizing to Willis ‘s Practice and Procedure for the Quantity Surveyor, Ashworth & A ; Hogg ( 2007, p.126 ) stated that “ the cost planning procedure commences with the readying of an approximative estimation and so the scene of cost marks for each component. As the design evolves, these cost marks are checked against the developing design and inside informations for any alterations in their fiscal allotments. ” Measure appraising profession under this facet will necessitate the measure surveyor to apportion the approximate estimated costs into subdivisions, known as elements within a edifice. Ashworth and Hogg ( 2007, p.122 ) stated that “ These elements costs can be compared against the component costs of other similar undertakings from the measure surveyor ‘s cost library records. ” The intent is to supply a better value of money for client. It besides keeps the interior decorator to the full informed of all the cost deductions of the design. Quantity surveyor might besides seek to cut down the estimated costs by simplifying the inside informations without modifying the design. Besides, contract papers will besides be prepared on this basic to do the readying of cost analysis easier. Cost planning will be developed and while taking history of visual aspect, quality and public-service corporation, the cost is planned to be within the economic boundary ( Willis, Ashworth & A ; Willis, 1994, p.95 )
Procurement and tendering processs
It is of import that measure appraising profession to be applied during this phase. As stated by Ashworth and Hogg ( 2007, pp.237-238 ) , function of measure appraising profession in this facet will include as follows:
Recommending an organisational construction for the proposed development of a undertaking ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007 )
Reding on the assignment of the assorted advisers and contractors in the cognition of the information provided by the employer ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007 )
Pull offing the information and organizing the work of the different parties ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007 )
Choosing the methods for the assignment of advisers and contractors ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007 )
Determining the employer ‘s demand in footings of clip, cost and quality ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007 )
Measuring the viability of the undertaking and supplying advice in regard of support and revenue enhancement advantages ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007 )
Quantity surveyor plays a important function to supply appropriate advices on the method of procurance to be used for clients who wish to set about building work ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, p.237 ) . There are assorted procurement methods to cover with the different demand and assorted state of affairs, client should non choose an inappropriate signifier of procurance inadvertently ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007 ) . Ashworth and Hogg ( 2007, p.237 ) stated that “ Quantity surveyors are in an first-class place as procurance directors with their specializer cognition of buildings and contractual processs. They are able to measure the feature of the viing methods that might be appropriate and to fit these with the peculiar demands and aspirations of the employer. ” Hence, clients are advised to seek for measure surveyor for relevant and dependable advices or recommendation before doing their concluding determinations. Due to this, advices and recommendation provided by measure surveyor must be independently without the invasion of single prejudice and opportunism ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, p.237 ) .
Ashworth and Hogg ( 2007, p.243 ) stated that “ When the pick of signifier of contract has been decided, the following measure is the readying of the paperss that will attach to the signed signifier of contract. ” The contract paperss for any building will usually include the undermentioned information:
It includes programs, lifts and cross subdivision. Some other extra inside informations will besides be prepared based on the complexness of the undertaking. This will supply information for the client to acquire the thought of designer ‘s or applied scientist ‘s design purposes. The contract drawings are usually provided by designer and applied scientist ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, pp.243-244 ) . However, the function of measure surveyor is to roll up the drawings and any specifications from the designer and at the same clip discourse the occupation. There is nevertheless some more elaborate inquiries will originate, therefore a timetable for the completion of the contract measures will be agreed, along with day of the months when extra detailed information and drawings can be expected ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, p.259 )
Quantity surveyor will affect in readying of contract measures. Ashworth and Hogg ( 2007, p.258 ) stated that “ The assignment of the measure surveyor is likely to hold been made at early phase when early monetary value estimations were under consideration. This may be before any drawings are available, in order to supply some cost advice to the client. ” Due to this, measure surveyor will usually be needed except for on a really little undertaking, the demand for the profession of measure surveyor might merely to be eliminated ( Ashworth and Hogg, 2007, p.258 ) . Besides, there is a status for contractor who wishes to subject stamps in competition to supply approximative measures required for peculiar plants. Therefore, measure surveying houses are so sometimes involved in fixing approximative measures depending upon the completeness of the drawings and other information from which it was prepared contractors ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, p.258 ) .
Articles of understanding
Ashworth and Hogg ( 2007, p.246 ) stated that “ This is the portion of the contract which the parties mark. The contract is between the employer ( edifice proprietor ) and the contractor ( constructing contractor ) . The clean infinites in the articles are filled in with the ( I ) names of employer, contractor, designer and measure surveyor ; ( two ) day of the month of the sign language of the contract ; ( three ) location and nature of the work ; ( four ) list of the contract drawings ; ( V ) sum of the contract amount. ”
Condition of contract
The status of contract includes the contractor ‘s duty to transport out the work shown on the drawings and described in the measures to the satisfaction of the designer. They cover the affair of quality of work, cost clip, nominative supplies ‘ and subcontractors ‘ insurances, fluctuation and VAT. ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, p.246 )
Ashworth and Hogg ( 2007, p.246 ) stated that “ The Contract Particulars for the Conditions of Contract include that portion of the contract which is curious to the peculiar undertaking in inquiry. It includes cardinal information, for illustration, on the start and completion day of the months, the periods of interim payment and the length of the rectification period for which the contractor is responsible. ”
Evaluation of stamps
Ashworth and Hogg ( 2007, p.274 ) stated that “ In public governments, stamps will likely be addressed to the secretary or chief main officer. With private clients they are normally forwarded to the designer or the measure surveyor. On the due day of the month for reception of stamps, the envelopes received will be counted to look into that they have all been received, prior to being openend. ” Quantity surveyor will so fix a list of the tendered sums after the envelopes are opened. Preliminary scrutiny will be made after that to determine which stamps will be taken into consideration for credence. A fuller study will be made subsequently by the measure surveyor ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, p.274 ) . Besides, harmonizing to Ashworth and Hogg ( 2007, p.274 ) , the designer will trust extensively on measure surveyor for advice on these affairs. A study will be made for the client, puting out clearly the statements in favor of credence of one stamp or another. Quantity surveyor will hold to look into and analyze for the transcript of the priced measures submitted by those tenderer who is under consideration ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, p.275 ) .
Fiscal coverage and interim payments, cash-flow prediction
Harmonizing to Ashworth and Hogg ( 2007, p.286 ) JCT 2005 makes clear responsibility of the client ‘s measure surveyor in this regard ( clause 4.11 ) : “ Interim ratings shall be made by the measure surveyor whenever the designer or contract decision maker considers them necessary for the intent of determining the sum to be started as due in Interim Certificate. ” Ashworth and Hogg ( 2007 ) stated that “ Most building undertakings encountered by the surveyor will hold contractual proviso for the payment of the contractor for work done, at regular intervals during the contract period. ” Between the day of the month of the first interim certification and the practical completion certification, interim certifications have to be issued by measure surveyor at a certain intervals stated in the contract specifics. It is the duty of measure surveyor to cipher the sum for the interim payments during each interval ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, pp.286-287 ) . A professional measure surveyor should ever aware that there are conditions for employer to forestall the employer acquiring punishments and penalties and measure surveyor should ever supply his or her appropriate advices where necessary ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, p.288 ) . Besides, clients by and large desire the concluding cost of a undertaking to be no more than contract amount. Due to this, it is the function of client ‘s measure surveyor to seek to pull off the costs by supervising the design and site development and supply his professional advices of the likely impacts and redresss ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, p.302 ) . It is besides necessary for measure surveyor to reexamine all the correspondence and run intoing issued on the undertaking in order to place the possible cost deductions. Monthly fiscal studies will usually be required to rede the client of the awaited output costs ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007 ) . Cash-flow prognosiss study will be prepared in association with the contractor since it will be greatly influenced by the intended programme of plants. Cash-flow prognosiss are used as a footing upon which to set up undertaking finance and supervising the advancement of plants ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, p.305 ) .
Ashworth and Hogg ( 2007, p.310 ) stated that “ The bulk of building undertakings result in a concluding cost that is different to that agreed by the client and contractor at beginning of the building works. The computation and understanding of this concluding building cost, the concluding history, is normally of the utmost of import to both the employer and contractor. Therefore, parties to the contract demand to guarantee that the concluding history incorporates a just rating of the plants carried out. ” In this facet, the measure surveyor will make up one’s mind on the suited subdivisions into footings that will be adopted into the history prior to any abstracting or measure remeasurements. As the list of fluctuations develops, measure surveyor will be able to make up one’s mind on how to group them. For illustration, there may be one direction from the designer for increasing the size of storage armored combat vehicles, another for the skip of a imbibing H2O point and a 3rd for the add-on of three toilet basins. Each of these will be measured as a separate point, but the measure surveyor might make up one’s mind to group these together as “ fluctuations on plumbing ” . It is sooner to foreground the “ ground for fluctuation ” in cost study to admit the client on grounds of the costs changed. ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, pp.315-316 )
Colony of contractual differences
Measure surveyors involved themselves in contractual differences either in judicial proceeding in the tribunals, in arbitration or in alternate difference declaration instances ( ADR ) instances. They sometimes involve themselves as informant of fact or expert informant, adjudicators, arbiters or go-betweens in ADR instances ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007, p.353 )
Fiscal expertness of measure surveyors make them ideally suited to project direction services. Harmonizing to Ashworth and Hogg ( 2007, p.376 ) , project direction provides the of import direction map of conveying the undertaking squad together and may be defined as “ The overall planning, coordination and control of a undertaking from origin to completion, aimed at run intoing a client ‘s demands in order to bring forth a functionally feasible undertaking that will be completed on clip within authorized cost and to the needed quality criterions. ” ( CIOB 2002 ) Quantity surveyor sometimes take overall control and duty of for organizing the activities of the assorted contractors, subcontractors, procedures and processs for the full continuance of the undertaking ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007 )
Ashworth and Hogg ( 2007 ) stated that “ The accomplishments of the measure surveyor traditionally included measuring and rating and to these were subsequently added accounting and dialogue. ” As the profession evolved, measure appraising profession were extended to prediction, analysing, planning, commanding, measuring, budgeting, job resolution and mold. The measure surveyor cognition has besides been developed by a better apprehension of the design and building procedure ( Ashworth & A ; Hogg, 2007 ) .