Romanticism was arguably the largest artistic motion of the late 1700s. Its influence was felt across continents and through every artistic subject into the mid-nineteenth century and many of its values and beliefs can still be seen in modern-day poesy. Literary gustatory sensation began to turn from classical and neoclassical conventions. The coevals of revolution and wars. of emphasis and turbulence had produced uncertainties on the security of the age of ground. Doubts and pessimism now challenged the hope and optimism of the eighteenth century. Men felt a deepened concern for the metaphysical jobs of being. decease. and infinity. It was in this scene that Romanticism was born. It is hard to nail the exact start of the Romantic motion. as its beginnings can be traced to many events of the clip: a rush of involvement in folklore in the mid- to late-eighteenth century with the work of the brothers Grimm. reactions against neoclassicism and the Augustan poets in England. and political events and rebellions that fostered chauvinistic pride.
Romantic poets cultivated individuality. fear for the natural universe. idealism. physical and emotional passion. and an involvement in the mysterious and supernatural. Romantics set themselves in resistance to the order and reason of classical and neoclassical artistic principles to encompass freedom and revolution in their art and political relations. German romantic poets included Fredrich Schiller and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. and British poets such as William Wordsworth. Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Percy Bysshe Shelley. George Gordon Lord Byron. and John Keats propelled the English Romantic motion. Victor Hugo was a celebrated Gallic Romantic poet every bit good. and romanticism crossed the Atlantic through the work of American poets like Walt Whitman and Edgar Allan Poe. The Romantic epoch produced many of the stereotypes of poets and poesy that exist to this twenty-four hours ( i. e. . the poet as a extremely anguished and melancholic visionary ) . Romantic ideals ne’er specifically died out in poesy. but were mostly absorbed into the principles of many other motions. Traces of romanticism lived on in Gallic symbolism and surrealism and in the work of outstanding poets such as Charles Baudelaire and Rainer Maria Rilke.