The two poems I have chose to discuss are ‘The Rime of The Ancient Mariner’ by Samuel Taylor Coleridge and ‘The Daffodils’ by William Wordsworth. Both of these poems were written at around the turn of the 19th century. Romanticism is the principles and ideals of the Romantic movement in literature and the arts during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Romanticism, which was a reaction to the classicism of the early 18th century, favoured feeling over reason and placed great emphasis on the subjective, or personal, experience of the individual.
Nature was also a major theme. The great English Romantic poets include Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, and Keats. ‘The Rime of The Ancient Mariner’ and ‘The Daffodils’ both have nature as their major theme, both poems convey nature with power ‘The Daffodils’ conveys nature with angelic power and ‘The Rime of The Ancient Mariner’ conveys nature with a supernatural heavenly power.
At the time the two poems were written there was a strong Christian influence on the writing because both were written at the time when in England there was a large Christian society because of the influence on the writing both poems have many references to God, Heaven and the supernatural. Most of the references to God are obvious in ‘The Rime of The Ancient Mariner’ but in ‘The Daffodils’ the references are more subtle and harder to find. During this essay I will talk to you about the content and the techniques that the writer uses to get across his ideas and the effect the techniques have.
The two poems ‘The Rime of The Ancient Mariner’ and ‘The Daffodils’ both have similar patterns in the way in which in ‘The Rime of The Ancient Mariner’ the Mariner loses God ‘I looked to heaven, and tried to pray;/But or ever a prayer had gusht,’ because he shot the Albatross which was created by God but then the Mariner finds God again but once again through nature ‘I watched the water-snakes:… /And I blessed them unaware’ The Mariner killed the Albatross which was a grave sin therefore he lost God but when he blessed the water-snakes he found God again and he was given absolution.
In ‘The Daffodils’ William Wordsworth does not lose God but he does find him because of nature. William Wordsworth uses the daffodils to represent heaven and God ‘A host of golden daffodils’ Host and golden both have heavenly spiritual overtones because they represent Heaven and God. Later on in the poem William Wordsworth is at home and reflects on the daffodils ‘Which is the bliss of solitude;/And then my heart with pleasure fills,/And dances with the daffodils.
This is also were Wordsworth reflects with God. It is also a metaphor for spiritual development and fulfilment. In both of the poems the writer gives nature a power in ‘The Rime of The Ancient Mariner’ it is a god like supernatural power and in ‘The Daffodils’ it is an angelic power. For example in ‘The Rime of The Ancient Mariner’ Coleridge personifies The Sun to make it represent God and to show nature has a supernatural power, he shows nature respect.
Also when Coleridge personifies Storm-Blast it is made to seem evil almost even ‘Devil-like’ Coleridge also capitalises Storm-blast to show us how important it is in the unfolding of the plot, it makes it seem more ferocious and it makes it seem supernatural we give it respect again. Coleridge also personifies the ice splitting with a ‘Thunder-fit’ this also represents God and the supernatural, it catches the readers interest by making drama also it shows the power in nature which commands our respect.
In ‘The Daffodils’ William Wordsworth personifies the Daffodils as ‘a crowd’, which indicates the size of it this is a parallel to God because the ‘crowd’ is seen a infinitive another example of the infinite amount is ‘They stretched in never-ending line’ Also ‘Ten thousand saw I at a glance Also Wordsworth personifies the waves ‘The waves beside them danced;’ this shows us nature is working in harmony and its beauty should be respected. In the two poems there is a lot of colour imagery, which symbolise different things. In ‘The Daffodils’ the colour imagery is there to represent heaven.