So far we have read these three books “Gilgamesh” “The Holy Bible” and now “Antigone”. These books weren’t written all at the same time but they all contain similar messages in the text. You learn about the higher powers in the different societies and that family is very important, but the most important is religion and how it played a key role in everyday society. “Humans are born they live then they die, this order that the Gods have decreed. But until then end comes enjoy your life spend it in happiness not despair.

Savor your food make each of your days a delight, bathe and anoint yourself wear bright clothes that are sparking clean let music and dancing fill your house love the child who holds you by the hand and give your wife pleasure in your embrace that is the best way for a man to live. ”(Gilgamesh 168-169) this is telling Gilgamesh how to live and to appreciate what he has in front of him and be grateful for everything that he has been blessed with. In the bible we see multiple instances where god puts people to the ultimate test.

No one ever disobeys god and his ruling but they do question why they are doing this to themselves but they don’t let that affect them and they continue to listen to god and his orders. One of the stories that sticks out to me is about the pharaoh and him never obeying god till god had ruined his crops land and had taken his only son from him. “I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt. After that, he will let you go from here, and when he does, he will drive you out completely (Exodus 11:1)”. Every firstborn son in Egypt will die, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh, who sits on the throne, to the firstborn son of the female slave, who is at her hand mill, and all the firstborn of the cattle as well (Exodus 11:5)”. Antigone wants the proper burial for her brother and the king Creon will not bury her brother. Antigone is the only one who will stand up to Creon and she tells him how she feels. She feels that honoring one brother and not the other one in which into day’s society we call that favoritism.

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She wants both brother to be honored with respect and be taken care of, but Creon has a different thought in this. “Antigone yes I’ll do my duty to my brother and yours as well, if you’re not prepared to I won’t be caught betraying him (line 56-59). ” In the book Gilgamesh you have a man who has powered over his people for years and is now becoming old. As his last battle he announces that he wants to take on Humbaba the protector of the Cedar Forest. Humbaba did nothing to Gilgamesh and kept to the forest, Enkidu even told Gilgamesh to leave him alone and that he was doing no wrong.

He wants to prove to the people of Uruk that he is still strong and powerful, I also think he is doing it to boost his confidence if he could actually take on Humbaba and beat him I the battle. He only wants one thing ad that would be a special tree that is located in the Cedar Forest. “We must kill him and drive out the evil from the world” “Dear friend I cannot continue I am frightened I cannot go on”. (Gilgamesh 220) This was the conversation between Gilgamesh and Enkidu about going to the Cedar Forest and killing Humbaba.

God is the only one who can decide who becomes a prophet and who doesn’t. being able to hear and see things no one else can means you have great talent or were chosen to do this “I was no prophet nor a prophet’s son but I was a herdsman and a dresser of sycamore figs. But the lord took me from following flocks and the lord said to me “Go prophesy to my people Israel! Now therefore hear the word of the lord (Amos 7:14). ” He never questioned being a prophet he obeyed god and followed in the footsteps in which were in front of him.

In the book Antigone you have one sister who is brave strong hearted and has the will power stronger than anyone man and all she wants is for her brother to receive the right burial and not some bull shit one where he is a disgrace to the town. With a ruler like Creon though it’s hard to get anything done he has his mind made up and doesn’t want it any other way. One quote that hit me wrong was a guard who was speaking to Creon. ” Do I have your permission to speak now or do I just turn around and go away. (Line 367-368) This guard just asked permission to speak, which sounds horrible considering the fact that he is protection Creon and he shouldn’t have to ask if he can talk or just walk away. In Gilgamesh they prayed to the gods above for help in dealing with Gilgamesh to who had become way out of hand and was demanding things them no ruler should do.

“The city is his possession, he struts through it, arrogant, and his head raised high, trampling its citizens like a wild bull. He is king, he does whatever he wants, takes the son from his father and crushes him, akes the girl from her mother and uses her, the warrior’s daughter, the young man’s bride, he uses her, no one dares to oppose him. But the people of Uruk cried out to heaven, and their lamentation was heard, the gods are not unfeeling, their hearts were touched. ”(Page 72) this shows that no one appreciates what Gilgamesh has done and they have finally prayed to a God to get help. Then they created Enkidu to even out the bad in Gilgamesh so that way everyone is happy within Uruk. God telling Abraham to kill his only son and Abraham not once questioned god and his demands; he was willing to sacrifice his one and only son for god.

Sometime later God tested Abraham. He said to him, “Abraham! ” “Here I am,” he replied. Then God said, “Take your son, your only son, whom you love—Isaac—and go to the region of Moriah. Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on a mountain I will show you. ”(Genesis 22:2) Abraham is a very brave man he almost sacrificed his only son because God told him to. But the angel spoke just in time and told him to use the ram that was in the bushes and not his son. “What shall I do? advise me; I will listen. ” (Line 1998) Creon said this and is talking about the god and asking for guidance in what he should do.

They didn’t have just one God they had multiple gods in which they praised. This book showed everything from family to every god being involved in the story. This book honestly opened eyes to Gods and people being put to the ultimate test.


The Holy Bible: ESV, English standard version containing the old and new testaments.. New York: American Bible Society, 2001. Print. Mitchell, Stephen. Gilgamesh: a new English version. New York: Free Press, 2006. Print. Kitto, H. D. F. , and Edith Hall. Antigone ; Oedipus the King ; Electra. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.


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