If analysis (used in the Critique paper) indicates a “pulling apart” and the close examination of a subject, synthesis indicates “bringing together or reconfiguring ideas and sources. Essentially, synthesis is the act of bringing ideas and sources back together to form a new whole, a unique discussion. In Synthesis, the purpose is to gather expert sources on a topic, compare and contrast the opinions of those experts, and analyze the arguments. Essentially, the Short Synthesis provides readers with a “review of the literature” on a subject. It should provide an overview of the various professional or academic respective on the topic.
Students will integrate and introduce their sources into the discussion. Simply supporting the argument using only citation is not synthesis. Ideas and arguments presented in the sources gathered will be introduced directly in the argument synthesis, with references to the author, article titles, and perhaps even mention of the authors credentials. This type of introduction and inclusion of sources in academic writing is common practice. One added benefit is that referring to professional sources reflects positively on your credibility as a writer.
It increases your ethical appeal, or your trustworthiness as a writer. Difference Between the Short and Long Synthesis Papers: The difference between the Short and Long Synthesis papers is purpose. Short Synthesis: Compare and contrast research and expert’s arguments on your topic. The Short Synthesis is an analysis of the expert sources and research available on your topic. In Short Synthesis, the focus is on sources, and determining which arguments and research are most convincing on the topic. A typical thesis for this type of paper reads like the following:
Although opinions abound concerning the ethics of assisted suicide, professors and medical professionals present evidence that varies in its complexity and effectiveness. Specifically, while Professor Cyrus Johnson and Judge Michael Candle argue convincingly for increasing legal rights for this treatment, Dry. Ronald Miller and Dry. Cynthia Known bring up the ethical complications of such rights. Long Synthesis: Present and support an argument on your topic using research and expert’s arguments The Long Synthesis is a traditionally organized persuasive argument on your topic.
In Long Synthesis, the focus is on your argument about the topic, and supporting your argument with sources. Assisted suicide should be legal in the United States, as citizens suffering from terminal illnesses should have the right to have assistance in ending their suffering. Sources must be Academic: Sources must be academic, from such sources as scholarly journals, scientific research, reliable organizations, and professionals. Academic Sources can also vary in type. Although many will be written articles and books, they can also come in the form of websites, videos, interviews, etc.
Sources for the synthesis cannot come from television, newspapers, popular magazines or from basic websites, including titles like Wisped, about. Com, Time, Newsweek, The Blade, People, The View, Dateline, etc. Accessing the Linking Databases: The Linking databases can be accessed through the COCO homepage. When you want to conduct research away from campus or at home via Linking, you’ll need to log into the Linking system just so the system can verify that you are a member via COCO. So, the system will ask you to submit your name, your
COCCID number (available on the Ozone homepage if you don’t have it handy), and your affiliated institution (COCO). Once you submit the information, you should be able to search the way you would even on campus. Click on Library, and scroll down the page to the Linking Databases. Choose to view the databases alphabetically. Choose the database name from the list. Start your search by typing search terms into the search box. You may have to experiment with your search terms to yield the most sources, so be patient and willing to experiment with search terms.
Examine the sources that result room your search carefully. You need to be aware of what kind of source you are examining. Is it a newspaper article, a government document, a book review, an academic journal article? Required Organization Strategy for the Synthesis: The synthesis should be organized by idea, not by source. I. Introduction: about h page Essentially, the introduction should introduce readers to the topic, major arguments and debates on the topic, perhaps introduce the experts, and end with the thesis. Example: Thesis for Short Synthesis II. Comparison of Source Arguments: 2 h to 3 pages
In this section, the writer introduces and compares and contrasts the arguments In sources. Two or more sources must be compared and contrasted in every paragraph in this section of the paper. This part of the paper must be arranged by topic, not by source. To begin organizing the body of the paper: 1 . Read sources carefully, noting ideas, information, and arguments that overlap (even if sources do not agree on those ideas etc. ) 2. Determine which 3-5 topics would be interesting to discuss in this section. 3. Order the topics in a way that seems most logical or effective.