Religions Essay, Research Paper
Similarities and differences
In the 3 major faiths
The 3 major faiths of the western universe & # 8211 ; Judaism, Christianity, and Islam portion similar every bit good as different features and it is apparent that the 3 are all inter-related.
Hebraism, the first existent monotheistic faith started in Palestine during thirteenth Century BC among the antediluvian Israelites. This thought of believing in one God came about when Moses received the 10 commandments from heaven on saddle horse Sinai. Tradition says the laminitis of Judaism was Abraham. Judaism was the footing of the 3 major major monotheistic faiths.
Started in 30 AD, Christianity, formed by Judaism was founded by Jesus of Nazareth. It has many of the same beliefs as Judaism except Christianity has a christ. Jesus was a Jew before he broke off and taught that he was the boy of God. Christianity was developed in the same location as it & # 8217 ; s connected faith, Judaism in Israel.
The 3rd monotheistic faith, which was brought out by Judaism and Christianity, is Islam. Get downing in 622 AD in Mecca, Arabia Islam was founded by Muhammad. Before Mohammed & # 8217 ; s clip, the Moslem faith was polytheistic, believing in several Gods. The Islamic religion was the consequence of the Hegira, when Muhammad traveled with his followings from Mecca to Medina in 622.
Although separate and distinguishable, the 3 major faiths of the western universe portion features of similar beliefs. Hebraism is the laminitis of the monotheistic based faith. Monotheism is the belief in one true divinity. Jews believe that God created the universe and is Godhead of life. Jews besides believe in Prophetss, who god speaks through. Moses, Abraham, Abraham & # 8217 ; s boy Isaac and Isaac & # 8217 ; s boy Jacob ( Israel ) are all Prophetss in the Judaic religion. Moses received the 10 commandments of God & # 8217 ; s instructions on Mount Sinai and led the Jews out of bondage in Egypt. Abraham was the traditional laminitis of the Hebrew state. ( 1 ) Jews believe that their christ will come shortly. The philosophy of the Judaic religion is the Old Testament, besides known as the Torah. The first five books of the bible were traditionally said to be written by Moses. The first book Genesis explains the creative activity of the universe and the lives of Abraham and his descendants. The last four Tell about the Hebrewss being set free from bondage. In the Torah lists the 10 commandments. These are the instructions in which Jews must follow. In the 10 commandments reveals the aureate regulation, which is outstanding in every faith of the universe. & # 8220 ; Do to others as you would hold them make to you. & # 8221 ; In the Hebrew bible under the book of Daniel, the happening of an Apocalypse is revealed. Hebrews believe in an opposition of God. In the book of Job, Satan appears as an antagonist to god, showing an opposing point of position to the Godhead. Exodus, is the book of the Hebrew Bible that is the best illustration of redemption. Salvation, intending the act of salvaging or protecting from injury or loss. The Jews were saved from bondage among the pharoh. The Exodus is the Redemption in the Judaic faith.
Like Judaism Christianity portions some of the same beliefs every bit good as its ain. Christians are monotheistic and believe that their christ, Jesus is the Son of God. They believe that Mary, the female parent of Jesus gave birth as a virgin. Mary was conceived by the power of God. From the virgin birth Christians believe that God is the Three. The Father, Son and Spirit, in three individuals are the contemplation of God. God is the male parent of Jesus, and the boy ( Jesus ) was & # 8220 ; begotten & # 8221 ; ( fathered by ) by God and the Holy Spirit & # 8220 ; returns & # 8221 ; from the male parent. One feature that resembles Judaism is conveying about Salvation. Bing saved from wickedness is the aim in Christianity.
Christian religion is the most organized but the most complex of the 3 major western faiths. There are subdivisions and divisions of Christianity. The 3 chief subdivisions are Roman Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, and Protestants. There are many divisions of Protestant. Many of the major divisions are Lutheran, Methodist, Baptist, and Presbyterian. There are no divisions in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Christianity. The beliefs in these 3 subdivisions differ. Catholics and Orthodox Christians believe that people must squeal and inquire for forgiveness for wickednesss through the Priest. Protestants believe that one can squeal for forgiveness by praying heterosexual to god & # 8211 ; chief difference. Christianity is organized otherwise than Islam and Judaism because they use clergy in each division. There is the Episcopal theoretical account and the Congregational theoretical account that organize Christian churches. The Episcopal theoretical account is where Authority resides with a bishop or Archbishop who oversee priests. Roman Catholic churches have ultimate authorization on the Pope. The Episcopal theoretical account relates to Catholic and Orthodox Christians.
Congregational churches insist that local church fold should be independent and govern themselves. Congregational churches call their ain curates and find how they will idolize. The Congregational theoretical account is associated with Protestant divisions. Christians us a church for worship. In the United States there are 2 Cathedrals in New York City and Washington, D.C. Cathedrals contain a chair of the bishop. Christians use 2 symbols of their religion one major, is the instrument of Anguish that the Romans used to kill Jesus. Another symbol is the fish. This symbol was used in ancient times to verify who was Christian. Judaism is similar to Christianity on how it is organized. Hebraism is organized into 5 subdivisions, reform, Orthodox, conservative, Reconstructionist, and Hasidism. In Orthodox and Hasidic subdivisions merely work forces are ordained as Rabbi. Recently in reform, Reconstructionist and conservative adult females every bit good as work forces are ordained as rabbi.
The Judaic topographic point of worship is called a Synagogue. A fold maintains the Synagogue as a topographic point of worship, survey, and family. The fold besides supports the Rabbi. Within Hasidism, the Rabbi is thought to hold particular penetration on God & # 8217 ; s disclosure and will. His word is taken every bit close as godly disclosure. ( Ellwood, 195 ) Jews have symbols of their religion. The major symbol is the Star of David. It symbolizes the agonies and hopes of Jews. Another symbol is the Menorah. Used during the Hanukkah Holiday, Jews light tapers on it. It is the device, which holds the tapers.
Islam is organized likewise to that of Christians. Moslems are branched into Shi & # 8217 ; ites and Sunni. This division took topographic point due to the difference refering the sequence of Muhammad. ( Baer, 188 ) For Sunni, their clergy resided over Caliphs and grand Turks who oversaw affairs of internal order and external defence. The spiritual authorization resides among the Ulama who are bookmans of Islam. However, the Imam controls Shi & # 8217 ; ites & # 8217 ; political and spiritual leading. The Imam is the male descendent of Muhammad. A group called the Shi & # 8217 ; ite Community Twelvers believe that the Imam uses his authorization in concealment every bit good as the Nicari believe the same. The Twelvers & # 8217 ; spiritual leaders are headed by the Ayatollahs. Last seen in AD 873, The Aga Khan exercises world-wide authorization. A Moslem topographic point of worship is called a Mosque. It is normally a dome shaped edifice.
Christians have a spiritual philosophy known as the Bible. Like the Hebrew Bible Christians believe in the Old Testament, ( the foremost 5 books of the bible ) . Christians besides believe in the New Testament. The New Testament contains Hagiographas about Jesus and his followings. It consists of 4 Gospels, the book of Acts, and the Revelations. Like the Hebrew book of Daniel, the book of Revelations is a vision of an apocalypse. The Apostle, John, sees the vision. The vision reveals the terminal of the universe and the opinion of the dead. It besides reveals that a new Heaven, Earth and a new Jerusalem replace what the universe after devastation. Another relationship between Judaism is the belief in the 10 commandments, every bit good as the Golden Rule ( & # 8221 ; Do to others as you would desire others to make to you & # 8221 ; ) . The Ten Commandments are precisely the same in the Hebrew Bible as they are in the Christian religion. Most Christian people believe in Heaven and Hell every bit good as an Opposition of God, known as Satan. In it & # 8217 ; s traditional signifier Christianity saw Satan as a fallen Angel from a rebellion on God in Eden. They believe that Satan does non hold a balanced sum of power to God, and Satan will be destroyed in the terminal. Among other faiths Christianity has Nebiims that God speaks his word through. Some of the Prophetss are Moses, John the Baptist, Isaiah, and Jeremiah. God uses these people to pass on to the people of God.
The 3rd, major monotheisti
c faith in the universe is Islam. Moslem belief is likely the most different of the 3 major western faiths, but it does portion some major features. Moslems believe in one true God known as Allah. Allah has more authorization than any other divinity in the world’s faiths, as thought by Moslems. His courier is Muhammad. Muhammad is the Messiah in the Islamic religion. Although he is the Messiah, he is non considered the boy of Allah or nowhere related to Allah. By this thought Allah is non thought of as the Trinity as in Christianity. The philosophy that belongs to the Moslems is the Qur’an ( Koran ) . Moslems believe that the Qur’an is the most of import disclosure of God to worlds. It consists of 114 units called Surahs. There are 4 divine books of the Islamic faith, the Torah of Moses, the Zabur ( Psalms ) of David, the Injil ( Evangel ) of Jesus and the Quran ( Allah’s concluding message ) . In the Quran the disclosure of the last twenty-four hours is given. Moslems must believe in the Resurrection of the organic structure, ( concluding judgement ) and a concluding Destiny a Paradise in Heaven or Suffering in Hell. Like Judaism and Christianity, Islam has a codification of behavior. They have commandments that cover every portion of life, non merely ritual and spiritual patterns. Along with the commandments of Allah there lies the Golden Rule, “Do to others as you would desire others to make to you.” Moslems believe that everything that happens is foreordained. Everything is under control of Allah, even occurrences that Allah does non O.K. of. There are 28 Prophetss of Allah in the Moslem religion. Adam, Noah, Abraham, John, Jesus and Moses are some of the Prophetss, but Muhammad is the greatest. Like the other two monotheistic faiths these Prophetss speak Allah’s words. The opposition of Allah in Islam is called Iblis or Shaitan. He became the opposition by declining to bow before Allah’s greatest creative activity, Humans. Belief in Devils and Demons is non as strong today as it in pasts. Like other faiths Iblis tries to direct people astray. A Islamic idea about the battle against wickedness and immorality is called a Jihad. Some Moslems believe that if one is killed in a jehad they go directly to paradise.
Around the mosque is a tower called a minaret. Work force used to mount atop it and name for supplication 5 times a twenty-four hours. Today they use speaker units. Mosques besides have fountains, used for cleansing before supplication. In a Mosque there is a niche in forepart of the wall known as a mihrab it identifies the way toward Mecca. Turbans are spiritual symbols every bit good as the crescent Moon and star. In the Shi & # 8217 ; ite subdivision Moslems fold their turbans precisely 12 times, it is Shi & # 8217 ; ite trueness.
Religious rites are common in all faiths. The 3 major monotheistic faiths pattern similar and different rites of their religion. The most of import rites in the Christian faith are the Eucharist, and Baptism. The Holy sacrament is the sharing of the staff of life and vino, which Protestants Teach, represents Jesus & # 8217 ; organic structure and blood. Catholics and Orthodox Christians believe that the staff of life and vino really go the organic structure and blood of Jesus. Baptism, scattering of H2O, ( over the caput ) , or entire submergence, is a ritual in going a portion of the Christian church. Protestants, Catholics, and Orthodox Christians pattern Baptism as a birth ritual. Protestants, such as Baptist churchs baptize as a pubescence ritual. These rites are called Sacraments. Sacraments are a particular manner in having Gods grace ( Ellwood, 40 ) . Another of import sacrament is anointing-physical and religious healing. There are a sum of 7 sacraments in the Christian faith. Holy sacrament, Baptism, Confirmation, Penance, Marriage, Holy Orders, and anointing are the 7 sacraments. Prayers are communicating to god or other spiritual existences. Prayers can be used for Thanksgiving, confession, worship and besides petition. Protestant churches believe that one can inquire for forgiveness heterosexual to god, by supplication. Confession to god in Catholic and Orthodox churches requires that the evildoer confesses to the priest and the priest sends the confession to god, so to talk. Sunday is the Sabbath ( communal worship ) , for most Christian churches. The Seventh Day Adventists, a Protestant division, believe that the Sabbath is on Saturday. Christians attend a church service or mass on the Sabbath. In a service a priest preaches a discourse, or lesson, particularly in Protestant churches. Praise is given to God during the service. Christians recite credos and pray often. Creeds are statements of belief, which is recited, in public worship. Christians, like many other faiths follow a spiritual calendar. . The calendar is linked to Jesus & # 8217 ; life. There are many vacations during the Christian calendar. Some vacations are celebrated on one twenty-four hours and others are for several hebdomads. The most of import jubilations are Christmas, the birth of Jesus and Easter, the Resurrection of Christ.
Jews & # 8217 ; pattern is different in the sense that they are more rigorous with the manner they live. Hebrews have dietetic Torahs they must populate by. They can eat merely nutrients that are & # 8220 ; kosher & # 8221 ; , or tantrum for eating. Animals that chew the rechewed food and hold cloven hooves are fit for eating. Fish with fives and graduated tables can besides be eaten. Hebrews can non eat the buttockss of an animate being unless the sciatic nervus is removed foremost. Animals must be killed in a prescribed mode Known as shechitah ( Parrinder p.410 ) . Another ritual related to eating is fasting. Fasting is, giving up nutrient and drink for an drawn-out sum of clip. Jews fast on the Day of Atonement. They do non eat, imbibe, or fume for 26 hours ( Ellwood 121 ) . Hebrews have rites, which are linked to a clip in life. At birth male childs are given the compact of Circumcision after 8 yearss. As a pubescence ritual, around the age of 13, boys become Bar Mitzvah, which means & # 8220 ; boy of the commandment & # 8221 ; . The jubilation involves a reading portion of the Torah in Hebrew and noticing about it. Judaism has a typical funeral pattern. When a close comparative dies the household is supposed to rupture their apparels. They observe periods of mourning ; from clip of decease until burial is over. The organic structure should be buried within 24 hours. Cremation and embalming is out. The major end in Judaism is to maintain the Sabbath sanctum. The Sabbath for Jews is from sundown Friday to sundown Saturday. They attend a service at a temple on Friday eventide or Saturday forenoon, as some divisions of Judaism follow. Jews remainder on the Sabbath in resemblance of God & # 8217 ; s rest on the 7th twenty-four hours. There are many occupations in which Judaic people can non make on their twenty-four hours of remainder. Judaism has many vacations during the twelvemonth. The most of import vacations are Yom Kippur ( Day of Atonement ) , Rosh Hashanah ( Judaic New Year ) , and Passover. The Judaic people fast and pray during Passover and Yom Kippur. Passover is jubilation to remember the Exodus.
Moslems pattern rites that are similar to Judaism. Prayer is extensively emphasized in the Islamic faith. Moslems pattern their faith in the Five Pillars of Islam. The first pillar is Profession of the religion. The 2nd pillar is prayer 5 times a twenty-four hours. They may pray at any clip of the twenty-four hours. Normally they pray in the forenoon, afternoon, mid-afternoon, eventide, and at dark. The supplications during mid-afternoon and eventide are normally a short clip, like five or ten proceedingss. During supplications Moslems must confront Mecca, the beginning of their prophesier Muhammad. Most Moslems have a particular carpet or surface to kneel on. On the carpet is a way to confront the sacred metropolis. The 3rd pillar is alms giving. Muhammad urged his followings to care for the hapless and the needy ( Ellwood 178 ) . Private charity and the authorities administer this activity. The Forth pillar is fasting. During the month of Ramadan, Moslems refrain from feeding, imbibing and sexual activity from Sun up to sun down. To Moslems, fasting recognizes important events in the early Islamic history. The 5th pillar is a pilgrim’s journey to Mecca. All Muslims should do a pilgrim’s journey one time in their life-time. Like Christianity and Judaism, Islam has a spiritual calendar. The calendar is based upon the rhythms of the Moon. Each rite will happen in every season of the twelvemonth. In the Islamic calendar they celebrate Vacations similar to those of Jews. Laila Al-Bar & # 8217 ; H ( dark of forgiveness ) , is a clip to forgive all grudges and fix for the month of fasting ( Maestro, p.46 ) . Ramadan is the fast from Sun up to sun set. It recognizes Muhammad get downing to have disclosures from God. The Dhu Al Hijja is when many Muslims make the journey to Mecca.
Hebraism was the faith that brought about Christianity and Islam. The three major faiths of the western world-Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, portion similar every bit good as different features in spiritual rites, beliefs, beginning and organisation.