Since there is no universal definition for the term veteran, it can have different meaning to different countries. According to the article What’s in a Name? Defining and Caring for “Veterans” The United Kingdom in International Perspective written by Christopher Dandeker, Simion Wessely, Amy Iversen, and John Ross (2006) the definitions of veteran are varied depending on whether the use is military personnel, government agency, or general public. Different history of warfare and the relations between civilian and military as well as force structure of civilian-military relations and interactions with national history are the primary reasons that each country opts different definitions. Undoubtedly, the definition of veteran in the UK is not the same as the one in the US or commonwealth countries. Even though, the United States and Australia sent large numbers of military troops abroad in both the World Wars as well as Vietnam War, which makes them participate significantly in the task of remembering and valuing the military contributions of their service personnel as indications of the special status of veterans, reflecting in the ways that they organize remembrance services, but they did not experience any war at their homeland nor have their civilian populations involved to the circumstance as the UK or suffered similar hardships. Dandeker, Wessely, Iversen, and Ross (2006) claim that due to the total mobilization of the population for the Second World War and the consequent sharing of sufferings and loss by both civilians and military, the concept of veteran with its implied meaning of exclusively did not come into the same term with public perceptions and attitudes (p. 163). Based on the norm, the term veteran is reserved for those who have served in military operations and for those who have been called upon to perform the unique obligations implied by the military contract (Dandeker, Wessely, Iversen, & Ross, 2006, p. 165). Dandeker, Wessely, Iversen, and Ross (2006) conducted an interview with British general public in respect of their opinion in defining veteran, veteran to all personnel who have completed basic training and who have actually qualified to engage in the military contract rather than simply having expressed a desire by applying to and being accepted by the recruitment office. The article “Are You a Veteran?” Understanding of the Term “Veteran” among UK Ex-Service Personnel: A Research Note written by Howard Burdett, Charlotte Woodhead, Amy C. Iversen, Simon Wessely, Christopher Dandeker, and Nicola Fear (2012) state that the official UK government definition for a veteran can be referred to anyone who has served for at least one day in the armed forces either as a regular or reserve and drawn a day’s pay in termed a veteran and their dependents also qualify for certain benefits as part of the former service community.The United States Department of Veterans Affiars (VA) determines veteran status as a person who served in the active military, naval, or air service, and who was discharged or released therefrom under conditions other than dishonorable (Szymendera, 2016, p. 1). According to the article Who is a “Veteran”? – Basic Eligibility for Veterans’ Benefits written by Scott D. Szymendera (2015), “active service means full-time service, other than active duty for training, as a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard; as a commissioned officer of the Public Health Service; or as a commissioned officer of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or its predecessors” (p. 2). Additionally, active service includes a period of active duty for training during which the person was disabled or died from an injury or disease incurred or aggravated in the line of duty and any period of inactive duty for training during which the person was disabled or died from an injury incurred or aggravated in the line of duty or from certain health conditions incurred during the training.Australian Department of Veterans Affairs defines a veteran as a person who is qualified war service or to whom a pension is payable regarding injury or death resulting from an incidence after July 31st, 1962, as a result of action by hostile forces or military operations against hostile forces, outside Australia, as a member of the Australian Defense Force (Dandeker, Wessely, Iversen, & Ross, 2006, p. 174). The Service Officer Handbook of the Royal Canadian Legion introduced a definition of veteran as a person who is serving or who has honorably served in the Armed Forces of Canada, the Commonwealth, or its wartime allies; or who has served in the Merchant Navy or Ferry Command during wartime (p. 5). The definition further defines a veteran defines a veteran as all veterans including still serving Canadian Force and Royal Canadian Mounted Police members. Additionally, the Department if Veterans Affairs (VAC) and the Department of National Defence (DND) extended veteran status to former Canadian forces members and reserve force members who meet DND’s military occupational classification requirements and who have been released from the forces with an honorable discharged (Dandeker, Wessely, Iversen, & Ross, 2006).Currently, the UK’s socially inclusive approach in defining veteran is similar to the one adopted by New Zealand. The New Zealand’s Veterans’ Affairs defines veteran as “(a) a member of the armed forces who took part in qualifying operational service at the direction of the New Zealand Government; or (b) a person who has been: appointed as an employee of the Defence Force under section 61A of the Defence Act 1990; or seconded to the Defence Force with the permission of the Chief of Defenced Force; and who took part in qualifying operational service at the direction of the New Zealand Government; or (c) a person who, immediately before the commencement of Part 3 of this Act, is eligible for a pension under the provisions of the War Pensions Act 1954” (p. 5).


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