Bondage has ever been an of import issue in the United States. Our history will demo that the issue of bondage was non merely about racism. prejudice or bias. It was non merely about one race believing that they are superior against another or one race demanding for autonomy. equality and freedom. Slavery as an establishment has little to make with morality or spiritual evidences.
Based on our history. the Southern States sought the prolongation of bondage because their whole economic system depended on slaves. ( “Slavery and the Constitution” 2 ) The provinces in the South chiefly relied on the production and exportation of cotton for their beginning of income. This meant keeping huge piece of lands of land which served as plantations for cottons. Plantation proprietors had to trust on 1000s of slaves for cultivation and harvest home of cotton. ( “Slavery and Constitution” 2 ) Trusting chiefly on slaves to back up the state’s chief beginning of income. the Southern States opposed any action on the portion of the federal authorities to get rid of bondage.
On the other manus. influential leaders in the North opposed bondage. They thought that keeping bondage is immoral. The Northern States which were more progressive than the Southern States relied on fabrication and exportation of goods for their beginning of income. They did non. nevertheless. need slaves to run into the demand for production.
As a consequence of this struggle of involvement between the Northern and Southern States. struggle became inevitable. Our history is full with information about the bloody events that have taken topographic point because of this struggle of involvement between the Northern and the Southern States. This includes the Slave Conspiracy of 1741. the Bleeding Kansas in 1855 and the Civil War in 1861.
Attempts were made to keep peace between the Northern and Southern States. These attempts bore fruit as gores and clangs were avoided. Part of the ground for the impermanent armistice was the balance of power in the Senate during the early portion of the 19ThursdayCentury. Because there were 22 provinces at that clip. the Northern States. which had eleven representatives in the Senate. and the Southern States. which had eleven representatives in the Senate. were every bit represented. ( Andrew C. McLaughlin 2 )
Balance of power in the Senate was important since for them this meant that the other provinces can be protected against any transition of statute law that is damaging to the involvement of the other provinces. This balance of power was maintained for several old ages until Missouri sought for admittance to the Union as a province in 1818.
It must be emphasized nevertheless that this request did non come as a surprise for political leaders. They knew that these districts acquired in position of the Louisiana Purchase will finally turn in figure and inquire for statehood. ( Gary Gallagher 2 ) Tension and struggle one time once more erupted. For the political leaders in the South. they thought that admittance of Missouri as a slave province will intend the prolongation of bondage.
On the other manus. the political leaders in the North opposed the possible admittance of Missouri as a slave province since that mean that the balance of power will be titled to a great extent in favor of the Southern States which may intend the bondage may be imposed even in the Northern States. The two old ages of acrimonious animus. spat and struggle was addressed by the passage of the Missouri Compromise.
Under the Missouri Compromise. to guarantee that a balance is maintained between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery provinces. two provinces will be admitted to the Union. It was really fortunate that at that clip Maine besides petitioned for admittance to the Union. As a consequence. it was agreed that Missouri will be admitted as a slave province while Maine will be admitted as a free province. ( “Missouri Compromise” ) This via media besides officially organized a boundary in Missouri supplying that in instance future provinces join the Union bondage will non be allowed districts north of 36°30’ while bondage will be allowed south of it. ( “Missouri Compromise” ) This temporarily defused the tenseness between them.
Significance of Missouri Compromise
The Missouri Compromise is important in our history because it averted. at least momently. the possible eruption of force that may ensue from the admittance of Missouri. It is one act that preserved peace between the Northern States and the Southern States. History will shortly turn out that without the Missouri Compromise force could hold instantly erupted. It can be recalled that in 1853. Senator Stephen A. Douglas repealed the Missouri Compromise when he passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. ( Gary Gallagher 4 ) This finally resulted to the decease of 200 people as force shortly erupted in Kansas in what is now known as the Bloody Kansas.
Another importance of the Missouri Compromise is that this represented the first affirmatory act of Congress to eventually settle the issue of bondage. For 30 old ages. they were able to successfully convey impermanent peace to the brotherhood. Indeed. the Missouri Compromise helped convey approximately and continue sectional peace in the Union. It besides provided ephemeral but effectual solution to keeping the balance of power as it became the guiding regulation in instance other districts request for inclusion in the Union.
Gary Gallagher. “American Civil War. ” 2008. 22 June 2008. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //encarta. msn. com/text_761567354___31/Civil_War. hypertext markup language & gt ;
McLaughlin. Andrew C. A Constitutional History of the United States: Chapter Twenty-nine: The Missouri Compromise. 22 June 2008 & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. humanitiesweb. org/human. php? s=s & A ; p=h & A ; ID=1786 & gt ;
“Missouri Compromise. ” The Library of Congress. 21 September 2007. 22 June 2008. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. loc. gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Missouri. hypertext markup language & gt ;
“Slavery and Constitution. ” Eagleton Institute of Politics: The State University of New Jersey. 23 June 2008. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. eagleton. rutgers. edu/e-gov/e-politicalarchive- via media. htm & gt ;