Societies have been covering with societal issues throughout history. Whether it has been societal category. civil rights. tradition. or spiritual struggle. societies have been seeking to either over come the issues or alter them all together. One societal issue. in peculiar. that societies of been seeking to cover with is people holding some kind of mental unwellness. Historians. research workers. and head-shrinkers. such as Karl Menninger. can day of the month instances of mental unwellness in India from when “the Children of Israel were still in Egypt and the Greeks [ were ] three hundred old ages off from their Trojan exploit” and after a millenary. a instance of witchery emerged in 1489 ( 16 ) . Often times people see mental unwellness as something atrocious or as some kind of embarrassment to hold to meet. but small do they cognize that sometimes it is society itself that causes some instances of mental unwellness. Societies need to larn the history of mental unwellness. how it has been treated throughout history. and how they should really be handling people with mental unwellnesss.
In ancient times. people had assumed that supernatural powers were portion of anything and everything. and when it came to person holding a mental unwellness. people believed it was caused by “demons and liquors that had taken ownership of the person’s head and body” ( Zimbardo. Johnson. and McCann. 533 ) . It wasn’t until about 400 B. C. E. when humanity took its first measure towards the scientific attack of sorting or handling mental unwellness with Hippocrates. a Grecian doctor ( Zimbardo. Johnson. and McCann. 533 ) . Hippocrates stated that mental unwellness is an “imbalance among the four organic structure fluids called ‘humors’ : blood. emotionlessness ( mucous secretion ) . black gall. and xanthous bile” ( Zimbardo. Johnson. and McCann. 533 ) . His thought that mental unwellnesss had natural causes. non supernatural 1s. was really simple. but improbably radical ; for illustration. harmonizing to Hippocrates. people who had more black gall were more prone to depression. while people who had more blood were warmhearted ( Zimbardo. Johnson. and McCann. 533 ) . With this construct. Hippocrates incorporate mental upset into medical specialty. and this divine people until the terminal of the Roman Empire ( Zimbardo. Johnson. and McCann. 533 ) .
However. in the Middle Ages. thanks to the influence of the mediaeval Church. superstitious notion overpowered the Hippocratic theoretical account at that place one time was ( Zimbardo. Johnson. and McCann. 533 ) . Physicians and clergy were told to travel back to the old ways of explicating certain abnormalcies in footings of witchery and devils. Society so believed that people who had unusual behaviour was the work of the Satan and there were efforts to “drive out the devils that possessed the unfortunate victims soul” ( Zimbardo. Johnson. and McCann. 533 ) . Due to that outlook. 1000s of people who had a mental unwellness were being tortured and executed all across Europe ( Zimbardo. Johnson. and McCann. 533 ) . With that same mentality. the first instance of witchery was reported in 1489 ( Menninger. 16 ) . Accusations of witchery continued for over two hundred old ages. as epitomized in a immature settlement in Salem. Massachusetts.
Society would impeach persons of witchery. happen him/her guilty. and would hold him/her executed ( Zimbardo. Johnson. and McCann. 533 ) . The reference of witchery is besides in books or dramas. such as Arthur Miller’s “The Crucible” . Miller’s four act drama is set in early 1692 in the “Puritan New England town of Salem. Massachusetts” ( Sparknotes Editors ) . Miller states that the drama is “not history in the sense in which the word is used by the academic historiographer … nevertheless. I believe the reader will detect here the indispensable nature of one of the strangest and most atrocious chapters in human history” ( 345 ) . In “The Crucible” . “Reverend Parris’ girl Betty. falls into a coma-like state” and because there can be no medicative pattern to be found to handle Betty. rumours of a aggregation of misss executing witchery are get downing to distribute ( Sparknotes Editors ) . This shows that merely because there is no “cure” for Betty. society automatically starts to believe that witchery is involved and get down to impeach and put to death guiltless people.
Mental unwellnesss and the people who have a mental unwellness has been treated assorted ways throughout history. Patients are now seen as societal castawaies as compared the ancient ways of thought that supernatural powers controlled the human organic structure. As seen in Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s short narrative “The Yellow Wallpaper. ” society does non cognize how to respond towards an person that has a mental unwellness. allow entirely a adult female. Back in 1890. when the short narrative was written. society did non cognize how to get by with person being diagnosed with a mental unwellness. particularly because society did non even know that there was such a thing as a mental unwellness. The physicians of that clip thought they knew everything at that place was to cognize about any kind of unwellness there was and how to handle it. As the storyteller explains. “so I take phosphates and phosphites – whichever it is. and quinine waters … and I am perfectly out to ‘work’ until I am good once more.
Personally. I disagree with their thoughts. Personally I believe that congenial work. with exhilaration and alteration would make me good” ( Gilman. 462 ) . The physicians are holding her do all these other things. but they ne’er seem to listen to what the storyteller has to state. They ne’er believe that she could cognize anything about what is traveling on interior of her. Another thing society trades with is the embarrassment that a household member. friend. or loved one has a mental unwellness. “it is so difficult to speak to John about my instance because he is so wise. and because he loves me so” ( Gilman. 467 ) . John. the narrator’s hubby. is a doctor that works on her instance with the other doctors at the infirmary. The fact that she is the married woman of one of the physician’s makes it improbably abashing the she is being treated at that place. John is non desiring her to be around anyone that could finally do merriment of him.
This societal battle is besides seen in an article written by A. Erdner. et Al. in the Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. “Our [ philosophical ] premiss is that a person’s position of life can non be grasped from a individual position … how people perceive world and the universe influences their overall mentality on life. ” Erdner. et Al. besides states in this diary article that “to understand what it means for people with mental unwellnesss to experience anomic. one needs to inquire about their values and how they see themselves and others in relation to society. ” The intent of this survey done by Erdner. et Al. was to “explore positions of life among people with long-run mental unwellnesss. ” This survey showed that: The participants’ lives could hold been different if there had been more harmony. particularly between their parents. when they were kids. They would hold had more assurance and trust in others [ due to the fact that ] most participants expressed misgiving in others because they had ‘befriended the incorrect type of person’ or had negative experiences in their relationships with others. ( Erdner. et al. ) This shows that these people who have a long-run mental unwellness apparently did non hold one individual to travel and speak to or discourse bing jobs with ( Erdner. et al. ) .
In today’s society. persons with certain mental unwellnesss are get downing to acquire treated as existent human existences. alternatively of a societal castaway. However. with other mental unwellnesss. society still treats an single hesitatingly.
A sketch shows how people of today’s society positions persons with a mental unwellness ( Sakai ) .
Alternatively of forcing these persons off. society should accept these persons for who they are by larning more about all types of mental unwellnesss. This will non merely educate society about how to observe mental unwellnesss. but it will besides learn society a more humanist manner of handling the person. every bit good as the unwellness. As stated in journal entry written by Erdner. et Al. . “the findings of this survey indicate that people with long-run mental unwellnesss may desire to experience a connexion with the universe from which they feel excluded. and to happen meaningful relationships on their ain footings. ” Nevertheless. when person is seen as “mentally ill. ” societies tend to maneuver clear of that person because they are non normal. When an person with any type of mental unwellness is pushed off. this “increases the spread between how they perceive themselves and their ideal selves” ( Erdner. et al. ) .
Often times people see mental unwellness as something atrocious or as some kind of embarrassment to hold to meet. but small do they cognize that sometimes it is society itself that causes some instances of mental unwellness. Societies need to larn the history of mental unwellness. how it has been treated throughout history. and how they should really be handling people with mental unwellnesss. In ancient times. society thought that supernatural powers controlled the human organic structure. particularly when it came to mental unwellnesss. Then. Hippocrates. a Grecian doctor. started to alter the position into more of a medical job. However. society’s position began to alter one time once more when the Middle Ages’ medieval church took control of how society should see issues. The church was doing society position mental unwellness in footings of witchery and devils. Subsequently in history. society started to disregard those accusals and see persons with a mental unwellness as societal castawaies and as an embarrassment. In malice of this position. society should get down to accept persons for who there are. instead than seeing him/her for his/her mental unwellness. Therefore. happening ways to incorporate and include all those of changing abilities into the mainstream of society is a far more civil and merely manner of life than privacy and separation.
Erdner. A. . et Al. “Varying Positions Of Life Among Peoples With Long-Term Mental Illness. ” Journal Of Psychiatric & A ; Mental Health Nursing 16. 1 ( 2009 ) : 54-60. Academic Search Premier. Web. 15 Nov. 2012. Gilman. Charlotte Perkins. “The Yellow Wallpaper. ” The Story and its author: an debut to short fiction. Eighth Edition erectile dysfunction. New York: St. Martin’s Press. 1983. 462-473. Print. Menninger. Karl A. . The critical balance ; the life procedure in mental wellness and unwellness. New York: Viking Press. 1963. Print. Miller. Arthur. “The Crucible. ” Collected plays. 1944-1961. New York: Library of America: . 2006. 343-454. Print. Sakai. Charles. “Bloodthirsty Militarist: July 2010. ” Bloodthirsty Warmonger. N. p. . n. d. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on The Crucible. ” SparkNotes. com. SparkNotes LLC. 2003. Web. 26 Nov. 2012. Zimbardo. Philip G. . Robert L. Johnson. and Vivian McCann. Psychology: Core Concepts. 6th erectile dysfunction. Boston: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon. 2009. Print.