Socrates And Impiety Essay, Research Paper
Who was Socrates?
Socrates was born and raised as a native Athenian. He was a stonecutter by trade and spent most of his life in poorness. He was married to his married woman Xanthippe and had three boies, Lamprocles, Sophroniscus ( named for Socrates & # 8217 ; male parent ) , and Menexenus. Socrates exhausted much of his clip in the agora discoursing about ethical issues to his many followings. He had a fancy for exposing lip service, ignorance, and amour propre among his fellow Athenians. At the clip of his test Socrates was about 70. He was admired as a philosopher and for his willingness to research statements their decision and his moral bravery to accept the effects.
The Judicial Procedure:
At the clip of Socrates test Athens had no constabulary as we have today. Justice was kept through the citizens. If an unfairness had been committed it was the duty of some single to set forth a charge. He so had to go to the test and show a instance before a jury consisting of 501 work forces. The jury normally consisted of a broad scope of work forces. Some of the jurymans were old work forces who attended tribunal as a avocation for their free clip, the really hapless who attended merely to have a little pay and the really rich who could afford to pass their free clip in such ways. After the prosecution made their address, the defence had a alteration to show their instance. Each of which was timed, normally by a H2O clock ( fig 2 ) . After each statement the jury voted. If a adult male was found guilty so the following measure was to find the penalty. The prosecution argued for one penalty, the defence another, and the jury chose between the two.
In 399 B.C Socrates was charged for & # 8220 ; non believing in the Gods in which the metropolis believes, and of presenting other new deities. He is besides guilty of perverting the immature. The punishment proposed is death. & # 8221 ; Socrates accusers consisted of three work forces, Meletus, Anytus, and Lycon. Meletus was considered immature for his twenty-four hours and was likely far less skilled in the political sense than his opposite number Anytus. Anytus, a affluent adult male and failed general, was
a strong political leader. Whereas Meletus was concerned for Socrates spiritual impiousness, Anytus was more concerned with Socrates perverting the young person. Small is known about the 3rd accuser Lycon but it is thought that he excessively held a score against Socrates.
Socrates faced the hard undertaking of showing his instance before an audience far larger than he was used to, and reasoning his artlessness in less than a twenty-four hours. Socrates instance is depicted in Plato & # 8217 ; s Apology. He argued his instance and stated his artlessness before reasoning on a note about his unity and his household. The jury so voted on the charge against him and found him guilty 281 to non guilty 220. Thus the test moved on to the 2nd phase of finding the penalty. Meletus argued for the decease punishment while Socrates after ab initio reasoning that he should be rewarded argued for a all right. The jury one time once more sided with Meletus and Socrates was sentenced to decease. Before ended the test Socrates presented a shutting statement to the jury. He told those who voted to
kill him that they were making a great unfairness. To those who would hold acquitted him, he said that he was non afraid of deceasing but looked frontward to go oning his philosophical inquiring with the heroes in Hades.
Socrates was non good liked by many of his fellow Athenians. He was ill-famed for exposing the lip service and ignorance of work forces considered to be wise or powerful. Socrates was besides regarded as a Sophist. Sophists were professional instructors hired by the rich to give their kids higher instruction. These work forces were ill-famed for enforcing new attitudes on their adherents about traditions, myths, and ethical motives. In a society that revered the Gods and feared penalty it was no riant affair that many of the immature blue bloods were mocking superstitious notion. They tempted the Gods, dined on luckless yearss, mutilated the sacred hermae. Many may hold thought this impiousness as the cause of old ages of adversity faced by Athens shortly before the test. In 431 BC Athens, the greatest power in the Grecian universe, was attacked and overthrown and non re-established until 403 BC.