Sophie? S World Essay, Research Paper

Sophie & # 8217 ; s World

Looking in her letter box one afternoon, a fourteen- year- old Norse schoolgirl

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named Sophie Amundsen finds a surprising white envelope incorporating a piece of paper.

On it are written two inquiries: & # 8220 ; Who are you? & # 8221 ; and & # 8220 ; Where did the universe semen

from? & # 8221 ; . And at the same clip she is besides having letters for a miss named Hilde Moller

Kang and Sophie besides finds a silk ruddy scarf in her sleeping room, non belonging to her, but to

this miss Hilde.

The author is an puzzling philosopher named Albert Knox and his courier is his

Canis familiaris Hermes. Albert Knox & # 8217 ; s two badgering inquiries are the beginning of an extraordinary

journey through doctrine from philosophers such as what I have read so far: Thales,

Anaximenes, Parmenides, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Anaxgoras, Democritus, Socrates,

Plato, and Aristotle. Albert Knox, whom Sophie has non met in individual or even seen for

that affair, has been asking Sophie & # 8217 ; s mind to cardinal inquiries that philosophers

have been inquiring since the morning of civilisation.

Sophie is shortly plenty enrolled in this correspondence class. Everyday she gets

either a white envelope incorporating perplexing inquiries or a brown envelope incorporating type

written documents learning her about what doctrine is and explicating to her all these

philosophers and their theories.

Sophie & # 8217 ; s first lesson in doctrine was, & # 8220 ; What is doctrine? & # 8221 ; . How I

understood what was being said was that doctrine is the scrutiny for beliefs and an

analysis of the basic constructs said in the look of such beliefs. Doctrine is frequently

used to intend a set of values and attitudes toward life, nature, and society. Following Sophie

learned about was Thalas. Harmonizing to Thalas, the original rule of all things is

H2O, from which everything returns and into which everything is once more resolved. My

analysis on that is how can he come to that decision? Yes, all living things contain

H2O within themselves, but it seems absurd for him to state that we evolved from

H2O. Populating things non merely contain H2O but contain substances. The lone logical

decision that Sophie found was that H2O turns into ice, and ice can travel back to fluxing

H2O once more. Another philosopher that was discussed along with Thalas was

Anaximander. Anaximander held that all things finally return to the component from

which they originated. When a works dies it desinigrates into the land and the land is

where the works originated from, so I can see where Anaximender could suggest that.

But human existences did non arise from the land, unless he did hold spiritual beliefs,

such that human evolved from soil. So when he/she dies they go back to where they

originated, so I could see where that construct might come into topographic point.

Although Anaximenes had a different construct. He held the construct that air is the

primary component to which everything else can be reduced. To explicate how solid objects

are formed from air, he introduced the impressions of condensation and rarefaction. These

procedures, he claimed, do air, in itself unseeable, seeable as H2O, fire, and solid

affair. He thought that air becomes warmer and turns into fire when it rarefied and that it

bends colder and turns solid when condensed. How I see it his effort was to detect the

ultimate nature of world.

On the other manus, Sophie learned about Parmenidas & # 8217 ; s doctrine. Parmendias & # 8217 ; s

doctrine demonstrated the world of the absolute being, the nonentity of which

Parmenidas declared to be impossible, but the nature of which, he admitted to be

every bit impossible, as it is dissociated from every restriction under which human existences

think. How I understand it, he held the fact that world, is non known to the senses but it

is to be found merely in ground. He obviously says that existences can non lift from nonbeing, and

that being neither rises nor passes off. The phenomena of nature are merely evident and

due to human mistake, they seem to be, but have no existent being. This is a adult male who

will non believe something is true or existent non even if he saw it. I truly wear & # 8217 ; t agree with

that construct. I believe if you see it, it truly exists.

Another philosopher that was mentioned to Sophie was Empedocles. He believed

that all things are composed of four cardinal elements: Earth, air, fire, and H2O. The two

active and opponent forces, love and hatred, act upon these elements, uniting dividing

them into valid signifiers. Empedocles believed that no alteration affecting the creative activity of new

affair is possible, merely changes in the combinations of the four bing elements may

occur. I would hold to hold with what was concluded on Empedocles theory. & # 8220 ; The lone

manner we can accept the transmutations we can see with our ain eyes, is to acknowledge the

being of more than one individual basic substance & # 8221 ; . Earth does non do ocular

transmutation by fire, H2O, and air. All three elements can destruct or transform points

on Earth.

Another philosopher that was mentioned was Anaxagoras. Anaxagoras introduced

the impression of ground. I got the impress

ion after reading this theory that all affair had

existed originally as atoms, or molecules, that these atoms, boundlessly legion and little,

had existed all infinity, and that order was foremost produced out of this infinite pandemonium of

atoms through the influence of intelligence. He believed that all organic structures are simple

aggressions of atoms. Here is an illustration of what I think he means in this theory. A saloon

of gold, Fe, or Cu would be composed of impossible minute atoms of the

same stuff. That illustration is fundamentally what Anaxgoras & # 8217 ; s concept implies.

All these things that Sophie was larning approximately started to truly intrigue and

excite her. She was able to follow those philosophers thought with her ain common sense.

Sophie besides surveies Democritusis & # 8217 ; s construct of the atom theory. She felt that he

discovered the solution to the job of basic substance and transmutations. She

concluded that nature must hold been built up of little parts that are ne’er changed.

Soon plenty began her survey of the ill-famed Socrates. Socrates was a really

different adult male. His belief in a strictly nonsubjective apprehension of such constructs as love,

justness, and virtuousness. He believed that all frailty is the consequence of ignorance, and that no individual

is volitionally severely ; correspondingly, virtuousness is knowledge, and those who knew the right

will move right.

It wasn & # 8217 ; t until the instructions of Socrates, that Sophie eventually saw who her

philosopher was. She found out, non by run intoing him in individual, but saw him on a picture

tape he sent her. The picture tape was of him depicting to her about Athens, Greece. On

the picture tape she was given four undertakings by a adult male depicting, Plato. The first undertaking was

that she was to believe about how could a baker bake 50 cookies to look indistinguishable. The

2nd undertaking was to believe of why Equus caballuss are the same. Third, she had to make up one’s mind whether

adult male is a immortal psyche. And eventually she had to state whether adult females and work forces are every bit


For the first undertaking, she came up with the reply that the baker had to utilize a cast to

do them indistinguishable. For the 2nd undertaking, her decision was that no Equus caballus could be the

same but they did come out of the same cast, no other cast. For the 3rd decision,

she decided for a adult male to hold a immortal psyche he must hold two separate parts: a organic structure

that gets worn out over clip and a psyche that functions no affair what happens to the

organic structure. Her 4th decision was that work forces have the same common sense as a adult female, so

yes they would hold to be equal. After she finished believing about these thoughts, so

eventually came her lesson about Plato. Plato & # 8217 ; s doctrine was that all living things were

imperfect transcripts of the ageless signifiers in the universe of thoughts. Everything and everyone even

yourself are imperfect. Plato divides the human psyche into three parts: the rational portion,

supported by the will, command the appetency. After Sophie finished reading Plato & # 8217 ; s theory,

her caput was filled with inquiries. Questions that need to be answered.

Upon reading Plato & # 8217 ; s theory, Sophie decided to take a walk in the forests the following

twenty-four hours. She was determined to happen this Alberto Knox and his Canis familiaris Hermes. Soon plenty

she was on her manner through the forests where she eventually reached a lake. There across the

lake she saw a little cabin and decided that Knox must hold lived at that place. She got into the

little boat that took her across the lake. She approached the cabin and proceeded interior

really carefully. There she found a school ID with a image of a miss on it and under that

image read the name Hilde Moller Kang. Sophie besides found a series of white envelopes

with her name on it. Suddenly she heard Hermes barking from a distance and froze to a

terror. She didn & # 8217 ; t want Knox happening her at that place, so she ran out of the cabin all the manner


That same afternoon Hermes came over to her house to present her a missive and her

following lesson. The missive told her that he knew she was the 1 who broke into his house

and that he wasn & # 8217 ; t made at her, its merely that he had to travel now. Sophie could non calculate

out why he had to travel. Anyhow she turned to read her following lesson which was on

Aristotle. As I was reading Aristotle & # 8217 ; s logistic theory, I found that he developed regulations lead

from true premises to false decisions. For illustration, & # 8220 ; All worlds are mortal & # 8221 ; and & # 8220 ; All

Hellenics are worlds & # 8221 ; therefore the decision is that & # 8220 ; All Greeks are mortal & # 8221 ; . Aristotle

was besides seeking to state human nature involves a capacity for organizing wonts, but the wonts

the single picks depends on the single & # 8217 ; s civilization and personal picks. All

worlds existences want felicity, an active realisation of their innate capacities, but this

end can be achieved in a multiplicity of ways. Aristotle argued for the being of a

Godhead being described as the Prime Mover, who is responsible for the integrity and

sense of purpose of nature. The premier mover, GOD, is perfect and hence the aspiration

of all things in the universe, because all things desire to portion flawlessness.

After Sophie finished reading Aristotle felt a demand to be orderly, and that she

started to value personal committedness and value judgements


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