Stonehenge 2 Essay, Research Paper


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There is no other topographic point on Earth that has generated as much guess and enigma as Stonehenge. For 1000s of old ages it has stood with its enigma as though teasing us to happen its apprehension and significance. It has been excavated, x-rayed, measured, and surveyed and still is non understood. Still all that has been found out about Stonehenge is its building, its intent still unknown. Possibly the lone 1s who knew the significance died with it 1000s of old ages ago.


These people would hold needed to be supported to do this whole venture worthwhile, says R.J Atkinson. No 1 can state who precisely started the edifice of Stonehenge. A 17th century antiquarian John Aubrey, believed the Druids had parts in the building of the memorial. This has been deemed impossible because the Druids came along about 2000 old ages after Stonehenge was constructed. One suggestion, given by uranologist Gerald Hawkins, is that three groups had parts in the building of Stonehenge. The first would hold been the secondary Neolithic people that populated the Salisbury Plains approximately around 3500 BC. At first their building was a round ditch and hill with 56 holes organizing rings around the margin. The first rock to be placed was the Heel rock, which was placed outside a individual entryway to the site. After them would hold been the Beaker ( named for their beaker shaped cups ) people about 200 old ages subsequently who transported bluestone from a rock prey about 200 stat mis off from the Prescelly Mountains. It is thought that these stones were transported by manner of a raft along the Welsh seashore and up the local rivers. These rocks were erected to organize two homocentric circles. At some point and clip the work was discontinued and subsequently started once more by the Wessex peoples. These people have ties with Brittany and France, and are thought to hold completed the 3rd and concluding stage of the memorial someplace around 2100 BC. The bluestones were moved into topographic point at this clip and all of the mammoth rocks that give Stonehenge its monolithic expression were installed. Some of these rocks weighed every bit much as 26 dozenss, that is why it is a enigma of how such a crude people could hold built such a memorial. ( Quote 1by Fred Hoyle, pg.16 ; Quote 2 E.C Krupp, pg. 34 )

Legends of Stonehenge

Stonehenge is so cryptic that no 1 knows who made it, what it is for, or what the grounds for its being built. Behind it s mysteriousness ; many fables have come up over the centuries explicating the building and intents of Stonehenge. Two of the most widely known is as follows:

Legend 1

This fable informs that the Satan was so involved in the creative activity of Stonehenge. The Satan purportedly bought rocks from an aged adult female from Ireland, and used his thaumaturgy to transport them back to the Salisbury field in England. After puting the rocks up, he became a spot narcissistic and wager that no 1 in a nearby small town would be smart plenty to number all the rocks he had set up. A local mendicant came to see if he could reply the conundrum of the Satan. Once asked the mendicant said that is more than thee canst Tell ( means that is more than can be told ) . This was the right reply flooring the Satan and doing him highly angry. He picked up a rock and threw it at the mendicant, but the speedy thought mendicant bounced it off his heel. His heel was so difficult that it caused a dent in the rock. Therefore giving it the name ( named by John Aubrey ) Heel rock. This myth was most likely to be created by the Druid,

Legend 2

This fable has it that there were giants dancing in a circle on the Salisbur

Y fields. Suddenly and without warning they were turned into rocks. This fable was so popular because the rocks truly did look like giants keeping custodies.

The Stones of Stonehenge

Though the whole memorial possibly known as Stonehenge, each of the rocks and group of rocks have their ain names. The name Stonehenge means hanging rocks which could be from the belief that it was foremost used to hang felons or the fact that it looks as though the rocks are hanging in air. First is the Heel rock which gets its name from John Aubrey and the fable of the Satan and the mendicant. John Aubrey named it this for the heel shaped dent imprinted someplace on the rock. This rock is non located near the interior circle of the memorial. The Altar Stone is one of the more alone rocks, because the others are either sarsen or bluestone, while this is the lone sandstone one. It is located closely near the centre, but embedded 15 pess within the great circle. The Slaughter Stone is another alone rock of Stonehenge. It is seemingly 21 pess long ( one of the largest ) , but is sunken so deep into the land that merely the upper surface shows. It was originally standing straight up.

Preservation of Stonehenge

One of the most annihilating invasions of Stonehenge are the two roads that dissect the memorial, one of, which is so close it seems to touch the rocks. The lone thing that seems to divide the rocks from the route is a chain-linked fencing. Human invasion has besides been a annihilating factor. Peoples have climbed the rocks and painted the rocks in graffito. The length of clip has cleansed the stones clean. The country was non roped until 1989 because people were thumping the grass into dust from the force per unit area of all the walking. The new talk is of a visitant s centre opening up a few stat mis off from Stonehenge, but most likely non until 2003. 2008 is the latest it will open by. By altering the roadways and opening the new visitant s centre England hopes to reconstruct the peace and composure of Stonehenge one time once more.


Stonehenge is so brilliant because it intrigues you with its beauty while at the same clip entraps you in its eerie enigma. What was its intent? Who built it? Who wanted it construct? These inquiries and many more surround Stonehenge doing it still ill-defined and slightly frustrating to analyze, but it is still sort of merriment to conceive of in topographic point of what you don t know.


& # 183 ; The Oxford Encyclopedic English Dictionary, Clarendon Press, Oxford ( 1991 )

& # 183 ; The Software Toolworks Multimedia Encyclopedia, R. J. C. Atkinson

& # 183 ; Atkinson, R. J. C. , Stonehenge ( 1978 )

& # 183 ; Harrison, Harry, and Stover, L. E. , Stonehenge ( 1972 )

& # 183 ; Hawkins, G. S. , Stonehenge Decoded ( 1965 )

& # 183 ; Hoyle, Fred, On Stonehenge ( 1977 )

& # 183 ; Stover, Leon E. , and Kraig, Bruce, Stonehenge: The Indo-germanic Heritage ( 1978 ) .

& # 183 ; The Software Toolworks Multimedia Encyclopedia

& # 183 ; Aveni, A. F. , Archaeoastronomy in Pre-Colombian America ( 1975 ) and Native American Astronomy ( 1977 )

& # 183 ; Bobrovnikoff, N. T. , Astronomy before the Telescope ( 1984 )

& # 183 ; Hawkins, G. S. , Stonehenge Decoded ( 1965 )

& # 183 ; Krupp, E. C. , In Search of Ancient Astronomies ( 1978 ) and Echoes of the Ancient Skies ( 1984 )

& # 183 ; Lockyer, N. J. , The Dawn of Astronomy ( 1894 ; repr. 1973 )

& # 183 ; Wood, J. E. , Sun, Moon and Standing Stones ( 1978 )

& # 183 ; Compton & # 8217 ; s Living Encyclopedia. Compton & # 8217 ; s Learning Company, 1996. Online.

Dellnet. ( 15 January 2000 )

& # 183 ; Microsoft Encarta, 1999.

& # 183 ; Some images taken from others from Microsoft Encarta 1999.


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