After about nine months in school, I think it is safe to say that we are all ready for summer vacation. Days spent at baseball games, the beach, and the park sound ideal. We are ready to embrace the sun and receive our daily doses of vitamin D. It’s all fun and games until you get burned. There are many things that factor into a sunburn and many consequences that may follow, but with the right protection it can all be avoided. Sunburn is a common thing we see all summer on ourselves and friends. It is the reddening of skin which can also be accompanied by inflammation, listening, and/or peeling depending on the severity of the burn.

Sunburn is caused by overexposure to ultraviolet rays given off by the sun. Ultraviolet rays, damage cells in our body known as melancholy’s. These cells produce melanin, a pigment which gives our skin its color. If your skin is darker, then your body produces more melanin; if it’s lighter than it produces less. The more melanin your body produces the more resistant it is to ultraviolet rays. The damage of these cells by ultraviolet rays causes rapid blood flow to the affected area to begin the healing process.

This blood flow is what causes the affected skin to appear red and feel warm to the touch. Not only does sunburn cause swelling, redness, and other symptoms but it also involves peeling of the skin. Peeling is a part of the body healing process. Your body will remove any permanently damaged cells by simply shedding them off. You can blame your parent’s if you are prone to getting sunburn because your chances are mostly based on your genetics. If you’re someone with light skin, hair and eyes your chances are higher for getting sunburn than someone with dark hair, dark eyes, and a natural an.

For a light skinned person sunburn can occur within 15 minutes of exposure to the sun. Age also plays a role in the risk of accumulating sunburn. Someone over the age of 60 or under the age of 6 is more likely to get sunburn due to the fact that they’re skin is more sensitive to the sun’s rays. Where and when you’re outside also factors in to the chances of sunburn. Between the times of 10 a. M. And 4 p. M. The sun’s rays are the strongest. If you’re near the water, or any other surface that can reflect the sun’s rays your chances will increase as well.

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It has been proven that 1000 tee you go up from the earth’s surface your chances of sunburn increase by four percent. These facts do not only apply to sunny days; the harmful rays can pass through the clouds on cloudy days as well. When you’re getting ready for a summer day at the beach the last thing you’re thinking of is how the sun is planning to turn your body into an overcooked lobster. You’re packing swim suits, towels, volleyballs, and food, but despite your parent’s warnings about the sun you ignore the sunscreen sitting on the bathroom counter.

There are many long-term consequences that result u to sunburn. Melanoma, the worst type of skin cancer, is one of the most significant forms of complications that is a result of sunburn. Cataracts, which are a leading cause of blindness, are a long-term problem which can develop over years of not protecting eyes from the sun’s harmful rays. Many skin changes also occur overtime due to sunburn in previous years. It can accelerate aging of the skin; resulting in wrinkles, and thinner, dryer skin. Skin lesions are changes in the skin that develop as a result of sunburn.

Skin lesions are small, millimeter sized spots that usually appear as a reawaken skill color or a area color. I nee can De unpleasant on parts of your body that are regularly exposed to the sun such as your face, though they are typically harmless. Researchers say people with 10 or more sunspots have a 10-15 percent increase in skin cancer. The immune system can be weakened by sunburn; therefore causing a greater risk of getting sick. How you protect yourself against the sun determines your future with conditions that are a result of sunburn.

Damage to melancholy’s by ultraviolet rays has been proven to cause mutations in the ell’s DNA that are responsible for cancer. Melanoma is the worst, most dangerous type of skin cancer and a leading cause of death. It only takes one blistering sunburn in a child or adolescent to double the risk of melanoma as an adult. Researchers believe that melancholy’s are different in areas of the body that have more frequent sun exposure. This idea linked to the fact that melanoma is more common on places of the body that are less exposed to the sun, such as the legs, back, and neck, but accumulate harsher burns when exposed.

The idea is that the melancholy’s are thronged or more resistant to IV rays in areas of the body that are more exposed. Just as people who are exposed to the sun all the time are less likely to get burned as easily compared to people who have not been exposed to the sun in months. You can simply and easily avoid the terrible fate of sunburn if you Just take precautions before exposing yourself to the sun. Most importantly, listen to your parent’s and doctors “annoying” warnings and wear sunscreen when you’re soaking up the sun.

If you’re planning to expose yourself to the sun for four or more hours choose a onscreen that is labeled 30 SSP or higher. Another tip to picking out sunscreen is to purchase water proof, because whether it’s sweat or water on your body you can count on it to stay on. When it comes to sunscreen it’s important to remember to always reapply every four or so hours. Both direct and indirect exposure can harm your delicate eyes so find a stylish pair of sunglasses and rock them! Make sure to look for a pair that has a label saying that they block IV light. Make sure to avoid the sun between the times of 10 a. M. And 4 p. . Pay attention to the IV index for the day oh plan to stay out in the sun to help to determine your risk of getting sunburn. If you do get sunburn there are some remedies to make it a little less miserable. For redness, soreness, and swelling over the counter NANAS can help to subside these symptoms. Cool showers or baths, and aloe or any moisturizing creams can help to relieve the heat you feel on the affected part of your body. The most important thing to do when you have sunburn is to stay hydrated, because sunburn can be the cause of dehydration which can lead to other problems such as headaches or fevers.

Sunburn may seem like Just an uncomfortable, unsightly condition but it can lead to more serious consequences later in life. Sunburn may only last for a few weeks between swelling and peeling but it has many long-term effects, such as cancer and premature wrinkling of that skin you wish to keep looking young and flawless forever. This is why there is so much emphasis on protecting your body from the sun’s harmful rays. Skin is your body largest organ and it’s visible to everyone around you; do yourself a favor and take care of it by following precautions to protect it from sunburn.

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