The rapid urbanization and rise in population in Surat led to the growing of slums. addition in refuse and overruning drains. In 1994. Surat was struck by an eruption of a deadly disease slightly like the pestilence. The disease caused panic countrywide and while the citizens blamed the municipality. the civic governments in bend blamed the citizens for their deficiency of civic sense. It was a rough reminder of what carelessness in the country of solid waste direction can take to. But what was most astonishing was that within a span of 18 months the metropolis made a complete reversal from a dirty. garbage-strewn metropolis to go one of the cleanest metropoliss in the state. This transmutation was possible thanks mostly to the Surat Municipal Corporation and the attempts of the community. Community engagement played a cardinal function in the rapid execution of determinations taken by the corporation. Subsequent to the catastrophe. the attitudes of the citizens changed and they diligently tried to better its life conditions. Institutional alterations were the first thing to go on.

The metropolis was divided into six zones to deconcentrate the duties for all civic maps. A commissioner was appointed for each zone with extra powers. The functionaries responsible for solid waste direction were made accountable for their work ; and field visits were made mandatary for them each twenty-four hours. The solid waste direction section and other related sections were made to work and collaborate with one another. Grudge redressal cards were issued to people so that ailments could be registered. The ailment was attended to within 24 hours and the card returned to the citizen. In add-on to the administrative alterations. the changed Torahs had an of import function to play in bettering the conditions by besides doing the citizens aware of and responsible for certain preventative actions. Indeed. these are some of the really basic alterations that need to be introduced in the operation of all urban local organic structures. Initially. the Gujarat Government’s Municipal Act did non hold any proviso to punish littering.

However. after the pestilence. the authorities realized that it was of import to enforce such a punishment in order to do people aware of their duty in keeping their city’s cleanliness. Thereafter. a mulct of Rs 50 was imposed for every offense of littering and it was doubled for every subsequent offense. The metropolis roads were swept twice a twenty-four hours and the corporation. in an appreciable effort. has engaged private sweepers to cover different interior countries of the town. Private contractors are besides actively involved in the conveyance. aggregation. and disposal of solid waste. With this vigorous cleanliness thrust through regular refuse aggregation and sweeping of roads and other public countries undertaken by the municipal corporation. success was achieved. But this successful turnaround could non hold been achieved without the support and cooperation of the people. Surat has therefore become a exemplary metropolis and the working of its municipality an illustration for other municipal corporations to follow and implement in their several metropoliss.

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