Through our exposure to television, we learn about the world and are able to observe how people interact and live their daily lives. Through these representations of the real world, television subtly shifts Individual beliefs about the world through consistent misrepresentations of the world and groups of people that live within in. One group of people that has been consistently found to be misrepresented and stigmatize by television Is Individuals with mental Illness. When investigating individual perceptions and beliefs about individuals with mental illnesses; the media has shown to be a powerful influence.
Such individuals have been seen in a negative light, often being presented as violent, unattractive, unpredictable and Incompetent. However, previous research on this topic has been focused almost entirely on prime time dramatic programming; rather this point of entry is focused on a night broadcasted show called Homeland. Homeland is about a woman named Carrie Matheson who is a CIA operations officer and is on probation after carrying out an unauthorized operation in Iraq. As a result, she has been reassigned to the Counter terrorism center. While in Iraq, she was warned that an American prisoner had been earned by AAA-Qaeda.
When Nicholas Broody, a U. S. Marine Sergeant, is rescued after being held hostage since 2003, she suspects that he is the turned American prisoner. Broody is received home as a war hero. But Carrie goes to any lengths possible, ignoring protocol, to find out the truth. A huge factor in this show lies in Carrie herself, as she has bipolar disorder but keeps it to herself by getting under the counter medication for the last 14 years. Throughout the series. The organization finds out about her disorder, and it changes the perception of her as a CIA officer.
It displays Carrie as she is on her medication, and when she is not, which creates a more prominent plot line on the television show. Want to understand If this Illness affects her creditability in a male-dominated environment. Clip: towpath. Youth. Com/watch? V=yen Remainder http:/. ‘www. Youth towpath. Youth. Com/watch? V=Speedwell I want to understand with shows like Homeland, is there still a stabilization of mental illness within mass culture and mainstream television. Not only are more characters with mental disorders in starring roles, but their symptoms and reattempts are more detailed to audiences around the world.
Another point of entry Is helping those unfamiliar with mental illnesses to have a more realistic and unbiased view. This show has received critical acclaim through numerous awards that Include: Outstanding Drama Series in 2012, Best Television Series – Drama In 2011 and 2012, Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series -? 2012, Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series – 2012 Want to understand if these rewards are trying to reflect that this show is producing a positive reflection of mental illness. Research Questions 1) With a show like Homeland, are T. V Characters like Carrie Matheson changing the way we view mental Illnesses?
Or is there still a negative view on individuals who misrepresenting individuals with a mental illness in a negative way? 3) Does a mainstream show like Homeland promote the understanding and awareness of mental illnesses? 4) Is mental illness still a taboo topic due to an increasingly prominent plot line on television? 5) In mass culture and entertainment today, are more realistic portrayals of characters with mental illnesses occurring? 6) With Homeland’s sensitive portrayal of bipolar disorder, including the perks and the nonfatal, is it changing or improving the stigma that goes along with mental illnesses?
Review/Summary of Research Theoretical Framework Anti-Stigma Discourse Media, madness and Misrepresentation, Critical Reflections on Anti-Stigma Discourse by Stephen Harper “Anti-stigma discourse tends to follow the basic tenets and arguments of liberal psychiatry as it seeks to expose popular media ‘misrepresentations’ and ‘myths’ about mental illness that serve to stigmatize the mentally ill and frustrate the Job of providing care and support for them” (Harper, 2005, p. 461). Anti-stigma discourse is the process of critiquing popular images of mental illness.
For example, this can be done through psychiatric terminology, the use of stigmatize language in relation to the mentally ill (crazy, ‘nut’, Wacko’), the depiction of mental illnesses as insuperable, and the identification of mental illness with violent and criminality. – It is explained that “mental illness” is a term that is less stigmatize rather than “mental health problems” which is more stigmatize – In regards to Homeland, I want to analyze the terminology used throughout the show
Throughout the article, the term “madness” is also explained as a term that exceeds psychiatric discourse. He believes this term can be used to “allow cultural critics to shift their critical focuses from marginalia individuals to questions of institutional and social madness” (Harper, 2005, p. 463). It is explained that the media is part of this mad system, meaning that media “constitutes a rational, neutral space occasionally disrupted by images of disorderly insanity, suggesting the madness of the media, as well as the madness of those MIS represented by it. Madness “functions within the contemporary assembly of ‘identity politics’, working to constitute, differentiate, and assign value to ‘unique selves’. Within this discursive matrix, individuals are invited to recognize and embrace their own distinctive true selves’, enacting and consolidating these identities through acts of choice and consumption” Monsoons, 2008, p. 0)- Want to go into further detail about this madness and relate it to the ‘Other’ because the ‘other’ is seen as an accumulation of lack and loss, and thus seen as people who are “dissatisfied by imperialism, employment, lack of economic opportunity, afflicted by post-modern alienation, no sense of grounding and can be manipulated by cultural strategies” (Hooks, p. 369). Our need to recognize madness as “difference” underlines a reassuring message that the devastation of mental illness is not likely to happen to ourselves. Our people with mental illness seen as the ‘other’ still? “Marking the mentally ill as different, images of madness is internalized” (Cross, 2004). While watching Homeland, want to see if the mentally ill are termed as different- Want to understand if this negative presentation of the “other” still exists within individuals who have a mental illness MADNESS / THE OTHER Disability Studies Madness, Distress and Postmodernist: Putting the Record Straight by Anne Wilson and Peter Beresford “Disability studies challenges the view of disability as an individual deficit or defect that can be remedied solely through medical intervention or rehabilitation by experts”.
This type of study examines social, political, cultural, and economic factors that define disability and help determine personal and collective responses to difference. Challenges the dominant discourse rounding mental illness “accentuates and perpetuates distress and ‘difference’ through the construction of users of mental health services as other – a separate and distinct group” (Wilson & Beresford, 2002, p. 144). This tethering continually pushes individuals with mental illnesses outside the fold of personal autonomy and social This can then be connected to Groom’s article, where it talks about participation. What is considered as normal or abnormal, along with the idea of Gross resistance/ opposition as one of the main responses to mass media’s marginalia perspectives f minorities. In the case of Homeland, it could be said that we are approaching this sense of equal visibility because the main character is a female who has bipolar disorder. Individuals with mental illnesses in the past have been seen as a minority, and so it’s interesting to see if dominant ideologies are changing to become more diverse and realistic in understanding that mental illnesses aren’t want they are stereotyped as.
This is explained through disability studies in that “we place ourselves alongside everyone else on a continuum of mental and emotional distress ND well-being” (Wilson & Beresford, 2002, p. 154)- Disability studies explains that there is no difference or ‘disability when it comes to an individual with mental illness; rather they are normal, but media in the past has enhanced these ideas that individuals with mental illnesses are not normal. – Want to see the connections between medical practice and stigmatize disability.
For example, in the article it talks about medical records and how the information is recorded by mental health professionals. These mental health professionals all operate differently, within their win particular theoretical perspective, because they all have different views and ideas about indicators of specific ‘mental illnesses”. Due to the fact “that we have no “laboratory test” for ‘specific mental illnesses’ psychiatrists resort to looking at symptoms that may come from certain mental illnesses” (Wilson & Beresford, 2002, p. 47) – want to use disability studies to see if certain symptoms are showcased or challenged in Homeland through Carrie Matheson (main character), along with other characters in the show who may be influenced by social, political, cultural and economic factors. In relation, want to see how they talk about medication throughout the show. For instance, a strong role play of the series is the medication itself. Want to go into further detail to see if “indirect-to-consumer marketing” (Rubin, 2006, p. 265) is being initiated throughout the show. A strong terminology of Lithium, Carrie taking her medication, is seen throughout the show. Want to understand if this show is trying to suggest that medication keeps individuals away from the ‘other’ which is seen as violent and unpredictable *Other theory and cultivation theory as they were used within other peer-reviewed articles hat I looked at. Similar Example Responses to Obsessive Compulsive Disorder on Monk among Series Fans: Para- social Relations, Presumed Media Influence and Behavioral Outcomes- About T.
V show Monk which is about a detective with obsessive compulsive disorder, from the perspective of parasitical relationships and presumed influence model. – Audience members interpret portrayals of mental illness through the lens of personal experience, seen through social identity theory- Exposure to entertainment media can change attitudes and behaviors through involvement with characters – Procedure – survey was posted on eight online monk fan message boards included 142 participants Different patterns were observed based on experience with mental illness and with COD specifically.
Methodology & What’s Next Qualitative Content Analysis – going to develop a coding schedule, meaning when certain words are said, different medications shown and certain situations occur it will be noted as if it was expressed positively or negatively – systematic approach – going to watch every 3rd episode in season 1,2 and 3 (12 episodes per season) – Want to watch every 3rd episode to see owe mental illness is depicted to the audience; in a positive or negative way. This can be showcased through the main character herself, or by what other characters say that are around her or are away from her. Build specific framework/coding schedule to leave out biased opinion – Some indicators will include stereotype, social distance, personal contact, experience with a mental illness, awareness of mental illnesses, responses to individuals who have a mental illness Homeland Connection to Gross Article Want to understand if Homeland is being used to fight for better representations of mental illnesses through mainstream media Want to understand if this show is detaching the negative view of mental illnesses through dominant ideologies or if a standardized view of mental illnesses still exists Struggles Time management – with the project due within less than a month, finding room to watch all the episodes stated Opinion – keeping my personal opinion of the topic out of the analysis. Staying Close to Theoretical Framework – due to all the information/ articles I found, staying close to my theoretical framework is the key to developing a strong building block