Speaking always precedes reading. Even an illiterate man can speak and his pronunciation of words is a result of practice. A little baby also learns to speak first and read later. Pronouncing words is not rocket science. It involves an understanding of English vowels and consonants and also basic phonetics. 2. Reading practice: When we read English text books we come across a variety of sentences and also a variety of punctuation marks.

Sometimes it is poetry that is to be recited and sometimes it is prose that has to be read out aloud. Each demands a separate style of reading where the tone and style has to be kept accordingly. There are special techniques which need to be practices to become a perfect reader. Pronunciation plays an integral role in reading. 3. Word families and spellings: Most of the words we come across in our daily conversation belong to small or big word families. Knowledge of word families trains us to learn word building techniques and automatically increases our vocabulary.

Different words can be built by having knowledge of suffixes, prefixes, singular and plurals, genders, opposites, tenses etc. 4. Public speaking: Speaking in public becomes a threat because of lack of self confidence in people. The only key to building self -confidence is lot of practice without the fear of mistakes. Practice can be encouraged in learners by meaner of elocution’s, extempore speech and group discussions. 5. Introductions, meetings and greetings: When we meet each other we greet each other and if needed introduce ourselves to each other.

Sometimes we meet strangers and at other times familiar people. In every situation there is a particular way of addressing each other. During this kind of conversations, knowledge of construction of basic sentences is required. One should now how to describe their work, routine and family. 6. Conversation is based on questions and answers: When two people talk, the conversation is basically a series of questions and answers about each other. Therefore, knowledge of question words is important.

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For example, What’, Where’, ‘how, etc. Besides, questions also begin with Helping Verbs, such as ‘is’, ‘are’, ‘do’, ‘have’, etc. Positive and Negative sentences In the course of conversation it is quite natural to agree or disagree. Here comes the use of negative sentences. Negative sentences are constructed by adding the words ‘no’ or ‘not’ to simple or interrogative sentences. For example, I am studying. I am not sleeping. Are you not going to Delhi on Sunday? Don’t you like chocolates? 8.

Exchanging information about the present, plan and future: In our routine conversations we usually touch events that are happening in the present, have already happened in the past or are expected to happen in the future. For this purpose it is important for the speaker to know the correct form of verbs to be used and also to understand the basic rules of construction of sentences according to each tense. Some Magical Phrases- These phrases are used to develop good, friendly and long-lasting relationships. How can I help you? 2. I think you’re right. 3. Please forgive me. . Thank you so much. 5. I’m there whenever you need me. 6. I really care for you. 7. I understand. 8. Let me help you. 9. I really missed you/ I will really miss you. 10. I respect your feelings. 11. Take care. 12. That’s sad. Conversation Drills- 1 . A mother has left some instructions for her daughter before leaving for office. A) Take bath on time and clean the bathroom. B) Also clean your room. C) Breakfast is ready. Have it, d) Don’t forget to keep the Tiffin and bottle in your bag. And give the keys to the neighbor. ) Lock the house carefully 2.

A lady is teaching her friend how to make tea for two people. Water in a pan. B) Keep it for boiling on the burner. C) Add two teaspoons sugar and tea each. D) Add one Cardamom. E) Bring to boil and then add one cup of milk. F) Simmer till a lovely color is seen. G) Strain into two teacups and serve hot. 3. Guiding somebody with an address. A) From here, go straight and turn left at the T-point. B) Go ahead till the next the next crossing. C) At the crossing, there is a hotel on your left. D) Turn left. E) The second house on the left is your destination. A) Take one cup


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