They have survived in this world by learning how to manipulate and they use that to their advantage (Dallas Morning News, March 2, 2007). ” This statement that Mrs.. Drew makes is important, because it allows us to see the types of attitudes the people running these facilities have. To have someone such as Mrs.. Drew running an area that is supposed to not only help in the benefit of making these kids learn from their mistakes, but also letting them know that there are consequences for these mistakes.

By her stating that they are not children but only criminal’s shows hat she has no concern in the approval of the positive behavior that is supposed to be learned from being housed in these facilities. ETC is a punishment for the youth but without receiving care from facility workers, ETC can’t expect positive outcomes from the inmates. A couple of questions that I am going to be addressing throughout this paper are why do these types of problems at youth penal and rehabilitation facilities exist, and why is there negligence and abuse of power among different levels of authority.

Lack of resources and support doesn’t allow for good results from inmates, and in turn allows for guards and other facility workers to continue to mistreat and abuse those who misbehave. By Mrs.. Drew labeling the youth sent to ETC as “criminals and not children” rehabilitates young people it to thinking that they are Just “criminal’s ” and they tend to feel as if they have to coexist with the label that they are given. “Most don’t have criminal records because they are adjudicated as delinquent in a civil hearing and committed to ETC for open-ended periods.

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Their behavior determines when there are released (Dallas Morning News, March 2, 2007). ” First I will review newspaper articles relating to current studies and research and use major concepts of theory to discuss these problems. Following this review, I will present the information I have found and analysis the data and conclude on why these types of problems exist in youth rehabilitation centers. The Dallas Morning News reported numerous articles regarding the incidents happening at ETC facilities. The incidents occurring were all reflected by major concept theories.

The abuse that was caused from sexual, to mental, to emotional can all be analyzed by a specific theory of concept. Upon going into ETC the inmates are automatically labeled as deviant criminals by the system and society. A lot of the youth that is within facilities such as ETC come from low income or poverty. The labeling theory explains to us how the youth in ETC engage in deviant behavior because they are already seen as deviant before acting in deviant manners. Deviance for these inmates is a self- Texas Hot System _. Axle_;.. An. Fulfilling prophecy.

The self-identity and behavior of these individual determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classic being called a “thug” or “criminal” may make someone behave in t Instead of the behavior being broken or changed during the time serve, they are abused and not taught to behave in a better Mann negative behavior that is being utilized by the inmates. These India poorly so they react in deviant manners thus recreating the cycle should be trying to break. If constantly being called a criminal is al inmates will start to behave in such ways. Much of the youth Eng behavior.

Things such as stealing fruit from the neighbor’s tree, s or skipping school. In upper class neighborhoods these things coo seen as rebellion or innocent acts in the process of growing up. In his behavior could be seen as acts towards Juvenile delinquency. Labeled as deviant, it is difficult for them to remove that label. That branded as a criminal is likely to be treated or considered untrue The person labeled is more susceptible to accept the new title that attached to them, and starts to see him or herself as deviant. The the expectations that society has given to them.

It’s possible that labeled never commits another deviant act after the one that cause labeled deviant. Even after a clean slate of no deviant behavior it label that was given to be forgotten. Those that have been formal babbled as deviant are treated with suspicion likely for the remain “At ETC, an inmate’s length of stay is determined by a complex program known as Reconciliation (The Dallas Morning News Mar program is a way to “enhance personal accountability of delinquent them the tools to become productive citizens (The Dallas Morning 2007). Instead of this program helping to approve the behavior of used as a way to control and manipulate them. The offenders with are not given criminal sentences. They are given lengths of stay b months at minimum. In order to be released the individuals must Reconciliation program before they turn 21 . Reconciliation – a t copyrighted – is composed of specific academic, behavioral and the objectives. Each category has numbered steps, known as phases, t must reach (The Dallas Morning News March, 24, 2007). ” As the in certain phases they are allowed to wear a different color uniform progress in hopes of being released from ETC.

The staff uses this to treat the inmates poorly so that they can demote them in loss o have complained that ETC guards often retaliate against them by actions that cause phase setbacks. It is not unusual to find a ETC minimum sentence of 12 months, who has been imprisoned for SE The Dallas Morning News March, 24, 2007). ” There have been case administrators or those in authority ask for sexual favors from in doesn’t comply with the requests of the authority figure they can demoted a phase and have their time at ETC extend. This can be s the system to control those within these facilities.

By forcing the y full ‘ling prophecy The or Intellect Instead oaf the behavior Beef-,avian that I poorly as they react in c should be to bore inmates start to bet behavior. Things sauna this behavior could be: labeled as dive ant, It Is The person labeled is art attached TA them. And s the expectations that SC babbled deviant, Even a’ Allah ‘ARE, given to I program known as Rest programs is way to “en then the tacos to become Bibb” Instead of this p used a to control are gluer cirri;anal s AR inurn-let’s In Recreational program cap/’ Sighted – IS comps! I-,convey Afar careГёo’ must reach (The Dallas certain phases they’ are progress in ones of be to treat the inmates pock have complained T actions cause phase unmurmuring sentence of I Dallas Morning, En administrators,RSI or those doesn’t with the denoted a phase arid n rhea system to control the sexual behavior in order to have their sentences not be prop unethical. The ETC system shouldn’t expect anything but dive youth when this is the ultimatums that they are given. Another Reconciliation is a requirement that inmates admit commit they were sent to ETC. “16-year-old Airsick Browning of Mocking committed attempted sexual assault.

His refusal to admit the of phases; he said I Just refuse to admit to something I din’ News March, 24, 2007). ” Browning was given a criminal sent to go to adult prison because he refused to admit to crime t commit. Instead of ETC trying to teach the youth to engage use a program that forces individuals to have longer sentence imply with certain regulations within the phases. These types of problems existed because there was little state authority when heinous crimes were committed by ETC These facilities that housed inmates were in small isolated t visited by state officials.

Executive director Harris acknowledged structures that don’t lend themselves to the safest manage programming. They were cost effective to build at that time. We placed it here, here, here and there. We built them to as perform the function for which they were intended (The Dahl 13, 2007). ” Harris is acknowledging the fact that they had no r rehabilitation of the youth incarcerated in their facilities. Prisons was to house youth in the most efficient way they co of money. If there was no concern for the location or perform institution how could state officials think ETC was going to b treatment of the inmates.

This allows for negligence and Carl muffing inmates beating each other while complicit guards 10 Witnesses who do not complain for fear of staff retaliation. N watching too many inmates. Inattentive and poor medical ca operating with abandon (The Dallas Morning News, May 13, occurs because no one stepped in to change it. In order for properly, ETC officers must act as if they care enough about prison in the town of Peyote was being leased by ETC for $3,0 expect something that goes for that cheap to be efficient and youth? The federal government had no concern in the well-b in saving money.

A democrat Mr.. Bush stated that “so long a of crime I think we ought to forget about rehabilitation and (The Dallas Morning News, May 13, 2007). ” The interest was not fix the problems concerning ETC. If there is no supervise repercussion to their ill behavior. With no one watching over could run these institutions how they pleased. There is no r Department of Justice could not have gone in with a broom a said U. S. Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee, a Houston Democrat. “They and that is a tragedy (The Dallas Morning News, August 7, 20 concern for this matter until it went public.

The government stopped so much abuse and neglect, if they would have showed more interest in these facilities and the reports that they were getting. “It amounts to state- sanctioned child abuse,” said David Utter, an attorney who directs the Juvenile Just Project of Louisiana. “There is no question that the kids have a right to protection, a right to treatment. There is plenty of law to be enforced. One has to assume its lack of will (The Dallas Morning News, August 7, 2007). ” Negligence and abuse of power among different levels of authority was demonstrated in the case involving the ETC facility in West Texas State School in Peyote.

Several students were sexual abuse by two of the schools officials. Although there were numerous accusations and reports made nothing was followed up on investigated by the state. “One, Ray Brooking, a security director at the San Saba State School in central Texas, was allowed to transfer to the West Texas State School in Peyote on Cot. , 2003, although a commission report compiled in 2005 said he had been disciplined for having adult pornography on his work computer and had been admonished for regularly taking students into his office alone at night with the blinds drawn (The New York Times, March 4, 2007)”.

Instead of state officials doing extensive background checks on the people they hire, they allowed Mr.. Brooking to act in as superintendent when he already had accusations against him from a previous school. Even with complaints from staff members after his arrival there was still no follow up on the accusations that were filed. By Mr.. Brooking acting in as superintendent he used that to his advantage to take control of the youth. He used “his authority and powers of persuasion to keep his victims and West Texas State School staff from reporting his conduct (The New York Times, March 4, 2007)”. Most of Tic’s inmates are from the state’s urban areas, so putting them in the West Texas desert locates them far from home, and from relatives who might want to visit them (The Dallas Morning News, May 13, 2007)”. This allowed for very few visits from family members to inmates and allowed for more control over them by ETC employees. Once the West Texas scans came to light, stories of many abuses at other ETC prisons came pouring out: brutal beatings, dozens of sexual assaults, bad medical care and a culture of retaliation the had punished those who tried to call attention to conditions (The Dallas Morning News, May 13, 2007)”.

The state showed no interested in the accusations or reports on ETC until it was brought to media attention. What should be done in order to solve the problems of the Juvenile system is better supervision by the Texas government in aiding and protecting the youth. Those that are allowed to work at acclivities should have intensive background checks and should be checked on regularly. Also the youth should be allowed serve their sentences without interference from staff when completing phases changes.

ETC cannot expect for a child to do better, and want to concede with facility rules when they are being punished and lowered phases. In order to be released from prison, and learn from their mistakes, they must be able to go through phases and learned without interference. Jay Cumbrous an official leading in the inquiry for change “issued 56 recommendations for changes, including background checks on staff members and he release of Juveniles being held beyond sentencing requirements or for misdemeanors (The New York Times, May 3, 2007). He also stated “the smoke signs were clearly visible; the dots should have been connected. ” He faulted a variety of watchdogs, from the youth commission headquarters itself to a West Texas prosecutor, the governor’s staff and legislative officials. Mr.. Cumbrous called for checking all new commission employees against state and federal criminal databases, and setting a cap on youth placements. He recommended a ratio of one correctional officer per six youths, rather than the current average of one officer to 1 5 touts, and sometimes as many as one to 24.

And he called for increasing the training of officers to 300 hours, from two weeks (The New York Times, May 3, 2007). In order for change to evoke it took someone such as Mr.. Cumbrous to step in, and say that what was going on was wrong. In conclusion the negligence and abuse of power among different levels of authority was allowed, because there wasn’t enough attention being paid to the ETC system. Instead of assuming that all inmates are criminals, they should have been treated with respect and taught to behave in a better manner.

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