The Ancient Galatia was situated in the Highlandss of cardinal Anatolia in the modern Turkey. It was named after the immigrant Gauls who had settled on it and established governing castes. Ankara was its capital during those ancient times. Galatia is boarded by Pontus and Cappadocia to the East. Phrygia to the West. Cilicia and Lycia to the South and Bithynia and Paphlagonia to the North. In 25 BC. Galatia got incorporated by the Octavian Augustus and made a Roman Province. Harmonizing to the book of Acts 21:39 ( New King James Version-NKJV ) . Paul. the Apostle piece functioning as a prisoner in Jerusalem mentioned that “…
I am a Hebrew from Tarsus in Cilia… ” Presently Cilia which is a state of Rome is in Anatolia with the Tarsus metropolis situated on its Mediterranean Coast. During Apostle Paul’s yearss ( 40-60 CE ) . the Roads in Rome passed through Anatolia. therefore made it possible for travellers to entree the heartlands of Rome and non be restricted merely to the seashore. Paul was reported to hold written letters to the states of Anatolia ( Asia and Galatia ) . The letters to the Asiatic state are rather clear. demoing that he did unrecorded and work in Ephesus in the Asia state.
But on the contrary. those to the Galatia churches do non specifically indicate out which portion of Galatia the said churches were located. This essay paper presents the consequence of a research that tries to give the exact location of these churches to which Paul wrote to. it further goes in front to give the significance or the importance of finding this location. The Location of Galatia and Its Importance In the book it is reveled that by the clip Paul was turn toing his letters to the Galatians. the state had already been in being for good over 75 old ages.
Paul. together with Silas and Timothy were in there 2nd missional journey to the part of Galatia when Paul was taken down with a serious illness that made him pass more clip on the land and so he had adequate clip to prophesy to the Galatians ( Gal. 4:13. NKJV ) . During most of these visits that Paul had made. he was met with enthusiasm and it became difficult to keep people from herding around him. Some of the people took him for God. particularly after he and Barnabas healed a halt adult male. But all did non travel good. he was subsequently stoned and left for the dead by the really crowd that he preached to ( Acts 14:18-19.
NKJV ) . There has been a het argument on the location of the churches that St. Paul addressed his letters to. This has been sparked by the reading of Paul’s ain phrases in the Bible. First is the statement in Gal. 1:2 and Gal. 3:1 where he referred to the receivers ( churches in Galatia ) of his missive as Galatians and secondly. is in 1Corinthians 6:1… where Paul negotiations of a aggregations he ordered to be made within the churches of Galatia. Two theories have since been formed with two different schools of idea.
These are the North Galatian Theory ( NGT ) and the South Galatian Theory ( SGT ) . The advocators of the NGT like Lightfoot. Lipsius. Chase. Daviodson. Findlay and many more argue that. the letters were addressed to the people of the “Galatia Proper” life at the centre of Asia Minor to the North. On the opposing cantonment are the likes of Rendell. Ramsay. Gifford. Perrot. Page and Knowling among others. They hold the SGT. They say that the Galatia in inquiry is the Southern portion of the Roman state of Galatia that contains Iconium. Lystra. Derbe and Pisidian Antioch.
But between these two theories. The SGT has gained land can be adopted in favour of the NGT and I entirely agree with the SGT version. The argument is based around two poetries Acts: 16: 6 “… and they went through Phrygian and Galatian region… ”and Acts 18:23 “… he departed and went through the Galatian part and Phrygia… ” The NGT have it that the Galatia meant in this context is the Galatia Proper. Phrygia and other Northern states. They argue that the travellers went through Phrygia and Galatia long after they had passed through Southern Galatia [ observing that Gospel was forbidden in Asia by so ] .
The SGT advocators on their portion say that it is the South Galatia that was referred to in both instances. Adding that after the travellers had passed a through a part of Phrygia [ which was so added to Southern portion of the Galatian state and could be called Galatia every bit good ] . they passed into the South. Now on the aggregation. In Acts 20:4 a list of those who carried the aggregation is given with representatives from South Galatia. Macedonia. Achaia and Asia. no individual name of the North appears. The indicant is that St. Paul likely had ne’er even been at that place.
Two more accounts back uping the Southern Galatia Theory emerge here. First is the mode in which St. Paul refers to Barnabas in his letters. He indicates that the missive was already known to those who it was chiefly intended. and merely as the bible reveals in ( Acts 13: 14 ) . that St. Barnabas had earlier visited South Galatia together with Paul. but he was a alien to the South [ he had ne’er been at that place ] . The 2nd point is got when Paul farther states that his intent in Jerusalem was to guarantee that the truth contained in the Gospel would go on with the Galatians.
Interpreting this statement in this context would intend that the people to whom the message was to make were already converted and merely as this essay has revealed that Paul had visited the Southern Galatia and non the North… this leaves us with merely one decision that the individuals addressed in Paul’s letters were those in the Churches of Galatians of the South. The importance of cognizing the location of the churches is to assist the readers of the Gospel understand good the message. by giving it the right reading based on the clip. the location and the traditional patterns of the people to which it was addressed.
BIBLIOGRAPHY Barraclough. Geoffrey. Atlas of World History. ( Ed ) . Harper Collins. 2nd erectile dysfunction. Oxford: 1989. 76-77. Cousar B. Charles. Galatians: Interpretation Commentary. ( Atlanta: John Knox. ( 1982 ) . Lightfoot. J. B. Epistle of St. Paul to the Galatians. Zondervan. 1896: London McMillan. Louis Martyn. Galatians: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary. New York: Doubleday. 1997. Ramsay. William. A Historical Commentary on St. Paul’s Epistle to the Galatians. Klock and Klock. 1979. The Christian Holy Bible: New King James Version ( NKJV ) . Wayne A. Meeks. The First Urban Christians. New Haven: Yale University Press. 1983.