The setting in the story is Student’s garden, where the Nightingale presses her heart against a thorn to wash the soil with her blood to bloom a red rose for true love when the moon shone in the heavens. Wilde, in this story, used a third person omniscient point of view to reflect the conflict between the love and reason. One can see that once the night has come and the Nightingale begun to sing with a thorn piercing her heart, the story was in rising action. Then came the Nightingale’s death, carrying the story to its climax. Dissolving part of the story came with the Student’s complaints about love when he said “What a silly thing Love is. It is not half as useful as Logic, for it does not prove anything, and it is always telling one of things that are not going to happen, and making one believe things that are not true. In fact, it is quite unpractical, and, as in this age to be practical is everything, I shall go back to Philosophy and study Metaphysics.” There is also foreshadowing in the story. As an example we can illustrate these lines. “‘There is a way,’answered the Tree; ‘but it is so terrible that I dare not tell it to you.'”           In Wilde’s story, figures of speeches are widely used. “His hair is dark as the hyacinth-blossom, and his lips are red as the rose of his desire; but passion has made his lace like pale Ivory, and sorrow has set her seal upon his brow.” In these lines we can see the simile that is used to reinforce the image of the Student. “Surely Love is a wonderful thing. It is more precious than emeralds, and dearer than fine opals.” And these lines display the usage of metaphor in the story. Mainly, the story itself is based on personification, because both the protagonist and the secondary characters of the story are personified. “She will dance so lightly that her feet will not touch the floor, and the courtiers in their gay dresses will throng round her.” Lastly, Wilde also benefitted from hyperbole in these lines. There are symbols that stand for different meaning in the story. First of all, the Nightingale symbolizes the self-sacrifice and bravery. Secondly, Rose is the symbol of love and Jewels represent the possessions and materials. Lastly, Thorn is a symbol of death. Wilde is known for his symbolism use in his works. One of which is his later work; Salome. The tone Wilde uses in this story is ironic and sad. His approach to love and “it” being not logical is the epitome of his life.              Oscar Wilde has had successfully utilized the plot, the characters and the figures of speeches and settings to emphasize the main themes; self-sacrifice, love and the clash of love and logic. These two elements force the reader’s mind to contemplate the sad and the ironic ending of the story.


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