The Crucible is recognized by many as one of the best
plays ever written. It was written by Arthur Miller in 1953 dramatizing the
life of the people of Salem, a village in Massachusetts mainly focusing on the
witch trials. The play has been performed many times, and a movie based on the
play has been acted showing how the play was popular. The author was influenced
by the campaigns that were aimed at removing Communists from America’s
prominent arenas such as Hollywood that impacted him personally and
professionally, (Greenfield et al,
100-160). The characters in the play use the real names of the real victims and
villains in the Salem trials although the author made a few changes to make it
more interesting and real. The play brings out the roles and positions of
different people in the society in the seventeenth century including women and
men. This articles analyses the play to show the role played by women and how
women were portrayed in the drama.

Miller portrays women as weak creatures who are always
expected to submit to men and can only ascend to power through deceitful means.

The play does not give any woman extreme powers that they can use rightfully in
the society. The truthful and honest women such as Elizabeth Proctor and
Rebecca Nurse in the play are depicted to be less powerful than other women who
use lies to manipulate people,(, 2017). Abigail not only uses lies
to convince people to believe her but her good looks also make men believe her.

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Mary Warren turns against Proctor to protect herself which leads to him being
arrested, (Miller, 2-33), . The main quality associated with women was
submissiveness where they were expected to submit to the authority and confess
of their crimes,(, 2017). The author tries to describe how people
in those days looked down upon power in the hands of women and how such power
was feared since women did not know how to use it.

According to Lawrence Kohlberg theory of moral
development, human beings progress consecutively through different stages of
moral development.  The theory includes
three phases starting with pre-moral stages which includes punishment and
obedience where an individual does anything that can enable to avoid punishment,(,
2017). In the play, Abigail and Warren used lies to avoid punishment although
Elizabeth chose obedience even if it came with punishment. The phase also
involves instrumental exchange stage where individuals do unto others as they
did unto them. This can be seen in the play where Abigail accuses the Proctors
of witchcraft because she had slept with Proctor. The second phase is
conventional morality which involves interpersonal conformity and law and order
that relates to what individuals do to be socially acceptable,(,
2017). Abigail and Warren lie to protect themselves when they know it is not
accepted in the society. Other girls including Warren started naming people
with witchcraft in the society because Abigail had named others. The last phase
is called principled morality and involves stages such as prior right and
universal ethical principles. The stages explain why individuals chose to do
just thing given all the circumstances like when Elizabeth lied in order to save
her husband.


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