Moral. religious and prosperity counsel was brought to many people through the Benedictine Rule and Order. The Benedictine Rule may hold seemed rough ; nevertheless for the Catholic Church. it created many architectural accomplishments. agricultural prosperity. outgrowth of schools and universities and produced some of the greatest authors and bookmans in the universe. The most common signifier of monasticism in Europe during the Middle Ages was the Benedictine monasticism ( Ramirez et al. 364 ) . Even though the Benedictine tradition started in the 3rd century. many regard St. Benedict of Nursia as the laminitis and usher. Born as the boy of a affluent Roman baronial household in 480. Benedict wanted to get away the corruptness of the universe around him. Not needfully desiring to go a anchorite but to happen a topographic point off from the metropolis. Benedict retreated back to the mountains to make 12 little monasteries ( Alston ) .
Benedict’s dedication to God inspired a figure of other Christians. who wanted to populate as he did. After some persuasion by his followings. Benedict founded the monastery in 529 at Monte Cassino. located in Italy. and became Cassino’s foremost abbot ( Ramierz et al. 364 ) . Mount Cassino was besides the place where Benedict wrote The Rule of St. Benedict ( The Rule ) . and was for many centuries the taking monastery in Western Europe. When The Rule was written. Benedict made certain it was written in a manner that anyone could understand it and utilize it to populate the type of life presented
in the Gospel. Finally The Rule found its manner to monasteries in other states and became the regulation of pick for monasteries of Europe from the 9th century onwards ( Alston ) . Benedict was a tough cat. his criterions of obeisance. humbleness. and contemplation can sound really rough. However. his regulation has helped 1000000s to take simpler lives. Benedict’s Rule of life includes worship. work. survey. supplication. and relaxation. No 1 is entirely ; everyone is linked to the community through worship and through The Rule. The Rule designed a life for “cenobites” those who belong to a monastery. where they serve under a regulation of an archimandrite. ” The three chief constructs of The Rule for the monastics are that they stay in one peculiar community. topographic point themselves under a superior and listen to the demands of others and the word of God. and get down his quest for God. which happens to be through work. supplication. sharing of ownerships and celibacy. Never was it Benedict’s purpose to hold the monastics take the vow of poorness. all ownerships were shared by everyone.
Even though the monastics were hapless. the monastery became rich through the sharing of the ownerships. This wealth enabled the monastery to feed and dress the hapless. see the sick. and bury the dead. Many hapless besides came to the monasteries to assist pay their debts ( Alston ) . Monks were instructed to speak every bit small as possible. particularly at dark. After dinner. everyone meets to state the Compline. after that. no talk is allowed for the remainder of the dark. Punishment was given if any monk radius during this clip ( Meisel 82 ) . Besides garnering day-to-day for mass. the Lecto Divina and the Liturgy of the hours are a cardinal pattern of supplication in the Benedictine monastery. Architectural order of the monastery had to be harmonious with the life Benedict created. Any monastery following The Rule has to be a “cloistral” . or a infinite where the monastics are enclosed. Physically enveloping the monastic within its walls allowed the monastic to concentrate on his hunt for the love of God. for “the love of Christ must come before all else. ”
Important to a monk’s being is non merely supplication but besides a signifier of manual labour. harmonizing to the monk’s ; “idleness is the enemy of the psyche. ” ( Meisel 86 ) . Everything the monastics need is located inside the walls of the monastery and there is no ground for him to go forth. Architectural accomplishments. agricultural prosperity and supplying great instruction were merely a few accomplishments the Benedictine Rule created. Manual labour that St. Benedict started within his monastics resulted in many architectural and artistic accomplishments. Their plants included many architectural admirations within Europe. such as the wondrous built cathedrals. artistic frontages of churches and abbeys ( Alston ) . Exceling in light and Mosaic work. the monastics were credited with being the first to paint on glass. St. Benedict besides started the monastics cultivating their lands. which resulted in agricultural prosperity and provided nutrient for many in demand.
Missionary work was really of import to the monastics. By turning their ain harvests. this allowed the monastics to portion their nutrient on missional trips. Spending eternal hours reading and analyzing. allowed the monastics to bring forth some of the greatest authors and bookmans in the universe. Opening a school in every monastery St. Boniface founded. benefited the monastics. but outside bookmans besides could go to these schools ( Alston ) . By copying ancient manuscripts. the monastics helped continue the cognition of Greece and Rome ( Ramierz et al. 365 ) . English history may non be if it wasn’t for the monastics passing most of their twenty-four hours continuing the Hagiographas and the history of their twenty-four hours. During the 11th and 12th centuries the Benedictine monastery was a centre of larning. peculiarly in the field of medical specialty. The celebrated medical school at Salerno was established by Monte Cassino monastics. That the order was and still remains influential is indicated by the figure of leaders and those who were “sainthood eligible” . Twenty four Popes. 200
Cardinals. 7. 000 Archbishops. 15. 000 Bishops. 20 emperors. 10 empresses. 47 male monarchs and 50 Queenss to call a few were all members of the Benedictine Order. Dom Boniface Wimmer of Bavaria was responsible for conveying the Benedictine Order to America. During the 1800’s. many Bavarians had immigrated to America and felt the demand to hold their religious wants attended to by Bavarian priests. After geting in America in 1846. Wimmer traveled to the little mission St. Francis in Pennsylvania. Once Wimmer was settled. he purchased a church. house and some land that belonged to the mission. Finally Wimmer founded the first Benedictine monastery in America. the St. Vincent Arch abbey. Word was later sent in 1856 to Wimmer that Benedictine monastics were needed in Minnesota for the German immigrants.
King Ludwig I of Bavaria was really generous to the monastics and helped fund St. John’s abbey in Collegeville. MN. Wimmer was appointed the first archimandrite and president of St. John’s Abbey. St. John’s Benedictine monks non merely assist people spiritually. they besides help the local. and planetary communities. Presently the monastics help out 265 households of the St. John the Baptist church in Collegeville. Help to people of all religions is carried out in many ways. through supplication. instruction. nutrient and mission trips. Many educational and historical topographic points were founded by St. John’s. Besides St. John’s College itself. they besides founded the St. John’s Preparatory School. the School of Theology. The Hill Museum and Manuscript Library and Minnesota Public Radio. In today’s violent universe. St. John’s has stepped up and was one of the first Catholic establishments to follow policies refering to sexual maltreatment or development. On the other side of the spectrum. environmental concerns are besides a large docket point for St. John’s ( Saint John’s Abbey ) .
Benedict’s Rule was set out first in a universe that was in convulsion with economic and political agitation to convey order to a general pandemonium in which people lived. This is still true today ; work forces and adult females all over the universe usage Benedict’s Rule as a basic moral and religious counsel. Numbers of the Benedictines were greatly reduced due to The Reformation. nevertheless today. 1400 old ages after its initiation ; the order non merely still exists. but is rather active all over the universe ( Alston ) . The Catholic religion worldwide benefited greatly by the Benedictines. Without the Rule and the Order. many architectural accomplishments. agricultural prosperity. Catholic schools and universities and some of the greatest authors and bookmans in the universe would non be.