Saladoid civilization is a pre-Columbian autochthonal civilization of Venezuela and the Caribbean that flourished from 500 BCE to 545 CE. [ 1 ] This civilization is thought to hold originated at the lower Orinoco River near the modern colonies of Saladero and Barrancas in Venezuela. Seafaring people from the lowland part of the Orinoco River of South America migrated into and established colonies in the Lesser Antilles. Puerto Rico. and Hispaniola. [ 1 ] They displaced the pre-ceramic Ortoiroid civilization. As a horticultural people. they ab initio occupied wetter and more fertile islands that best accommodated their demands.
These Indigenous peoples of the Americas were an Arawak-speaking civilization. Between 500-280 BCE. they immigrated into Puerto Rico and the Lesser Antilles. finally doing up a big part of what was to go a individual Caribbean civilization. [ edit ] Culture Saladoid people are characterized by agribusiness. ceramic production. and sedentary colonies. [ 1 ] Their unique and extremely decorated clayware has enabled archeologists to acknowledge their sites and to find their topographic points of beginning. Saladoid ceramics include zoomorphic image vass. incense burners. platters. trays. jars. bowls with strap grips. and bell-shaped containers.
The ruddy clayware was painted with white. orange. and black faux pass. [ 1 ] Distinctive Saladoid artefacts are stone pendents. shaped like bird of preies from South America. These were made from a scope of alien stuffs. including such as carnelian. turquoise. lapis lazuli. amethyst. crystal vitreous silica. jasper-chalcedony. and fossilized wood. These were traded through the Great and Lesser Antilles and the South American mainland. until 600 CE. [ 1 ] The Taino of the Greater Antilles represented the last phase of the Ostionoid cultural tradition.
By about AD 1100-1200. the Ostionoid people of Hispaniola lived in a wider and more diverse geographic country than did their predecessors ; their small towns were larger and more officially arranged. agriculture was intensified. and a typical stuff civilization developed. They developed rich and vivacious ritual and artistic traditions that are revealed in Taino workmanship in utilizing bone. shell. rock wood and other media. Social stratification is thought to hold become more marked and stiff during this period as good. This phase of intensification and amplification after AD 1100 is known as “Taino” .
The Taino people. as characterized by archeologists. were non a incorporate society. and have been categorized into subdivisions harmonizing to the grade of amplification in their artistic and societal look. The Central or “Classic” Tainos are identified with the most complex and intensive traditions. and are represented archaeologically by “Chican-Ostionoid” material civilization. They occupied much of Hispaniola. including En Bas Saline. The “Western” Taino occupied cardinal Cuba. Jamaica. and parts of Hispaniola. and. are besides associated archaeologically with the “Ostionoid-Meillacan” stuff tradition.
The Lucayan Taino lived in the Bahamas. and the “Eastern” Taino are thought to hold lived in parts of the Virgin Islands and the Leeward Islands of the Lesser Antilles. As many archeologists have emphasized. nevertheless. the Taino were but one of the recognizable cultural groups in the Caribbean at the clip of contact. They co-existed and interacted with other Ostionan peoples and possibly even Saladoid-influenced Archaic peoples. such as the Guanahatabey of Cuba and the Caribs of the Lesser Antilles.