Each twelvemonth. 1000s of striplings in the United States have been tried and sentenced to life in prison without word. a penalty that has many of its ain contentions. Arguments are held on whether or non these childs should be tried and sentenced in the same manner that grownups are tried and sentenced. Many justnesss say that since kids are emotionally. physically and mentally different than grownups. they should ne’er be tried in the same manner that grownups are. Other justnesss argue that if these kids are capable of perpetrating slaying. they are besides capable of undergoing the same penalty that an grownup would undergo. However. the Supreme Court has ruled that condemning juveniles to life in prison without word is unconstitutional because it violates the prohibition on cruel and unusual penalty.
Adolescents merit to be tried otherwise merely because of the fact that they are non grownups. and the legal system shouldn’t handle them as such. Furthermore. juveniles should non be sentenced to life in prison without word because they have non yet reached their full adulthood. they are capable of rehabilitation. and if they were sentenced as grownups. they should be given the same privileges as grownups in the first topographic point. Adolescence is defined as a transitional period in human development and adulthood.
This is a clip where adolescents are quickly undergoing alteration. specifically in the encephalon. Paul Thompson. a author for The Sacramento Bee. includes in one of his articles that there is a “massive loss of encephalon tissue that occurs in the teenage old ages. ” This explains why adolescents frequently act with unprompted and fickle behaviour. This encephalon tissue is grey affair. which aids in modulating self-denial and urges. and it is being purged at fast rates. Thompson goes on to state. “These Nailling 2 frontal lobes. which inhibit our violent passions. roseola actions. and modulate our emotions. are immensely immature throughout the teenage old ages. ” There are evidently immense differences in the adulthood degrees of an stripling and an grownup ; therefore it is unjust to condemn an immature stripling to life in prison without word because he or she will ne’er be able to make that adulthood degree that grownups are already at. Regardless of this type of tissue loss and encephalon development in general. teens should still be held accountable for the offenses they commit. merely non to the same extent or in the same manner that grownups are.
Rehabilitation is possibly the most hopeful signifier of alteration that a juvenile could be granted. Because of the fact that they are so immature. it is just to state that all striplings have the capacity of altering their bad wonts and their life styles. Gail Garinger. a juvenile tribunal justice and the province of Massachusetts’ kid advocator. writes in the New York Times that kids are “promising campaigners for rehabilitation. ” As a kid. to be sentenced to life in prison without word is tantamount to taking away any signifier of hope for them to alter. which most of them are capable of if they could all merely be given a opportunity. Garinger besides states that adolescents’ “characters are still in formation. ”
She means that because of this formation that is taking topographic point in the teenage old ages. this is the best clip for them to be offered a opportunity to rehabilitate themselves before it is excessively late and they are locked up in prison for their full life. It is one thing to condemn an grownup to life without word. but to give that same finding of fact to a kid is merely unfair. Many juveniles across the state are below the belt being tried as grownups. These childs. who clearly have non yet reached maturity. have non experienced any type of freedom that grown-ups have. are being condemned and sentenced to a life in prison without word. Marjie Lundstrom. a editorialist for The Sacramento Bee. covers the controversial subject of juveniles who are convicted as grownups in their tribunal instances.
She implies that it is unjust for a kid to be tried as Nailling 3 an grownup and to be held by the same criterions as an grownup would be in tribunal. In one of her articles. she points out how childs “can’t fume. or imbibe. or travel to R movies…can’t ballot. have curfews…” yet. many of these childs. who all have these limitations. are being treated like they are grownups who have none of these limitations. What’s the point of holding a juvenile system in the first topographic point if childs are traveling to be punished the same exact manner as grownups are? Lundstrom says. “Kids are different. Their logical thinking is non to the full developed. They are non grownups. ” It can non be made any clearer than that. the fact that they are merely childs. and they have the right to be treated otherwise than grownups.
There is a immense spread between the age of 17 and 18. Between a kid and an grownup. Between immatureness and adulthood. This spread is a disparity that the juvenile system is entitled to acknowledge. It is important to understand that juveniles should non be tried as grownups and sentenced to life in prison without word because these striplings haven’t yet reached their full adulthood. because they are capable of rehabilitation. and because it is unfair to be tried as an grownup but non be allowed the same legal privileges that all grownups have.
Thompson. Paul. “Startling Discoveries on Teenage Brains. ” The Sacramento Bee 25 May 2001: n. pag. Print. Garinger. Gail. “Juveniles Don’t Deserve Life Sentences. ” The New York Times 14 Mar. 2012: n. pag. Print. Lundstrom. Marjie. “Kids Are Kids – Until They Commit Crimes. ” The Sacramento Bee 1 Mar. 2001: n. pag. Print.