This essay has been written in mention to the both positive and the negative effects that colonialism by Europeans has had on the continent of Africa. Colonialism has had a permanent impact on assorted states in the universe but none more so than Africa. Throughout history. the European colonialism of Africa has had more of a negative consequence on this land than that of a positive impact. Within this essay I will discourse further in item as to why my old statement holds a important degree of truth in the sense of how the forcing of a specific civilization or group’s civilization and values onto another state or civilization can do utmost jobs within every facet of that given society. particularly when the non-native individuals who are portion of this colonisation have small or no respects for the civilization and imposts of the indigens of that land.

Colonialism by definition is the edifice and maintaining of settlements within one district by people from another district. Colonialism is a procedure whereby sovereignty over the settlement is claimed by the metro pole and societal construction. authorities and economic sciences within the district of the settlement are changed by the settler. Colonialism is referred to as a certain set of unequal relationships between metro pole and settlement and between the settler and the autochthonal population ( Http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Colonialism. Web. ) . Colonialism normally references the clip period between the 15th and twentieth century when Europeans established settlements on other continents.

The overall effects of European colonialism has been recorded and noted for centuries throughout history. whether within literary novels. theatrical dramas and representations. films and movies or basic diary articles. all in their ain manner and regard have alluded to the undoubted fact that the imposing of the European civilization and imposts on a state that operates and has its ain manner of life has largely a more negative consequence on the thickly settled than that of a positive nature.

From my readings of peculiar literature in mention to European colonisation written by both African and European authors the construction of colonialism itself was and is still in some instances seen as a both good and bad system. One illustration of this literature to that I speak of would be that of the African written novel titled Death and the Kings Horseman. by Wole Soyinka.

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Within this novel the act of enforcing 1s peculiar imposts and cultural criterions becomes evident when a character in the novel named Mr. Pilkings who is known as the lands District Officer tries to set a halt to a ritual tradition that is set to be carried out by another adult male named Elesin to whom is that of a signifier of royalty. he is the small town Kings Horseman. a outstanding place for and African adult male to hold in the land.

The issue comes approximately due to the fact that within this African tradition whenever the King passes off into the following life shortly after his decease his Horseman and the Kings Equus caballus must attach to him into the hereafter. The belief is that if the Horseman and Equus caballus didn’t follow the King on this journey than the King himself would non be able to happen the way that would take him to the Gatess of the hereafter nor would he is allowed to come in. but alternatively he would be left to roll the land blindly and in desperate desperation. This was a tradition that was kept and was ever understood by the adult male. the Horseman. before he accepted this place by the King.

The District Officer decided to step in to halt the Horseman and the small town people from perpetrating from helping in this act. In order for the act or tradition to be carried out Elesin would hold to perpetrate a specific signifier of wilful self-destruction. this would let him to assist attach to his King through the hereafter. The District Officer didn’t understand this “barbaric custom” . as he called it. nor did he O.K. of it more so. Mr. Pilkings decided that since in respects to his ain European imposts and manner that self-destruction for any ground was incorrect and that the adult male named Elesin would be arrested and stopped in order to forestall this unhallowed act.

As the narrative goes on Mr. Pilkings did in fact win in halting the original program but failed to recognize that in this African civilization this tradition was a clip honored every bit good as household honored tradition. Word had reached Elesin’s boy Olunde ( who had been sent off to have European manner of larning against his male parent will and at the custodies of Mr. Pilkings ) that the King had died and his male parent was about to honour the lands tradition. Olunde traveled back to his land merely to happen that his male parent had allowed the District Officer. who had no ideal or regard for this tradition. to halt him from executing his responsibilities as the King’s Horseman. Unfortunately because of this Elesin’s boy decided to take it upon himself to perpetrate the act of self-destruction in order to honour the tradition that his male parent unashamedly did non follow through with. Shocked at what his boy had done because of his failure to honour the tradition Elesin. ashamed and upset. killed himself.

Because their civilization was that of a different regard and nature in which they had imposed on the indigens of this land the settler failed to recognize that what they were seeking to carry through in halting this rite ended with non merely one decease but two at the custodies of the European settler.

Another impact that colonialism has had on Africa has been that of a racial oppressive footing. This action was largely noted within the South African system of the apartheid. which ended non long ago. This racially motivated construction was held as one of the “worst bequests of the European presence in Africa” . Apartheid was a legal racial segregation system in South Africa based on traditional folks. South Africans were segregated based on race. and native inkinesss were excluded from citizenship and forced to shack on authorities appropriated lands based on folk. Europeans were given first-class educational chances. lodging. occupations. and medical attention. The system was wholly bias and unreasonable. with 10 per centum of the population trying to command the other 90 per centum. but the thought procedure in this was that of a colonial mentality. The former opinion category of the colonial epoch ( whites with European lineage ) believed they were justified in suppressing several native tribal populations. and working them for personal addition.

Poverty and unequal distribution of wealth was another of the effects and long permanent impacts of colonialism in respects to Africa. Colonialism pushed the continent of Africa into what was known as a modern agricultural and industrial capitalist continent. African states were forced to bring forth mono-crops or to mine cherished metals or diamonds. all of which would be sold overseas. Basically the African indigens had to bring forth what they didn’t devour in order to in a sense enrich the land and state ; this was notably a typical European pattern among the colonised countries. Colonized African states would bring forth for their several colonial powers. so be expected to devour merchandises imported from those states.

Assorted chances in respects to developing the Africa itself in readying for industrialisation or overall promotion or betterment was said to hold been ignored by the settler. Colonial based racial social constructions played a definite manus in prohibited the educating of the cherished natural resource of native human potency. Tribal populations did manual labour for the colonial powers. and coevalss of thoughts and economic potency were lost. Unfortunately. after Africa’s independency. small has changed in the economic systems of this continent.

Another consequence of colonialism was that of cultural native tensenesss and force within Africa. Colonialism besides resulted in cultural force by presenting the construct of societal hierarchy. A more recent illustration of effects of colonialism in footings of cultural societal division in the struggle between the Tutsi and Hutu folks in Rwanda. which was created and intensified as a direct consequence due to colonialism. The struggle between these two folks has been violent. and some have referred to it as race murder. Before European regulation. the folks were neither in a entry nor laterality state of affairs. but due to the push of important colonial powers which decidedly gave discriminatory intervention socially and economically to the Tutsi people. whom they deemed more intelligent. therefore ignited every bit good as propelled this struggle even further.

In drumhead what has been noted is that colonialism has been a portion of universe history and more so African history for many centuries. The effects have been dually noted in books every bit Wellss as movies. all stating the narrative of how the unsuspected alteration of a civilization due to the imposing of the settlers civilization decidedly bought a degree of alteration to the land. some positive. some negative.

Racism. poorness. and cultural force are the most outstanding impact that colonialism has had on the continent of Africa. The European influence was non wholly without benefit to Africa in a sense ; colonialism did introduced modern instruction systems. medical specialty. and substructures such as roads and electricity to Africa. However. it can be assumed that without colonial intervention. the continent would hold developed its ain alone instruction system. medical intervention. and systems of authorities much more suitable to the civilization of single cultural groups. One could merely conceive of that a incorporate continent without struggle. competition or racial tenseness could hold increasingly developed on its ain. with a strong economic system and peaceable authorities.


I. hypertext transfer protocol: //african-colonialism. suite101. com/article. cfm/colonialism_and_land_conflicts_in_africa

II. hypertext transfer protocol: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Colonialism

III. hypertext transfer protocol: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/South_Africa_under_apartheid IV. Soyinka. Wole. and Simon Gikandi. Death and the King’s Horseman: Authoritative Text: Backgrounds and Contexts. Criticism. New York: Norton. 2003. Print.


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