The Federalist No. 10, The Utility of the Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection (continued) was first published in the Daily Advertiser on November 22, 1787, written by James Madison. Madison explains that a strong constitution most be able to control violence and hostility caused by passionate citizens. Madison explains that these factions can be dangerous to a democratic government; an example of this is the Shay’s Rebellion. However, Madison is aware that these factions will always exist in a democracy due to differing opinions of the people.
Therefore, because a government cannot remove these factions themselves, they most control the effects these factions have. Madison goes on to say that these effects could be controlled easier in a larger society with a representative democracy rather than a small society with direct democracy. The factions in different states would be able to balance out each other; therefore, if one faction tried to disturb the country, it would not disrupt any of the other states.
Madison also explains that representative democracy would be the best way to keep control over factions without completely eliminating liberty. Federalist Paper No. 0 is still very relevant in today’s political environment because factions still exist. Today, most factions are special interest groups because they have access to representative officials, which others simply do not have. Representatives sometimes need the money that special interest groups have, giving these groups a sort of “hold” over the representatives. However, the government has a stronger hold over the power of these factions group, so the danger these factions hold would not be something to worry about.
Hamilton, A. , J. Madison, and J. Jay. The Federalist Papers . New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004. Print.