The Gallic Revolution threw the Old Gallic Society from its very foundation. The Tennis Court Oath declared the Third Estate to be the true representative of France and confirmed the holiness of the ideals of Liberty. Equality. and Fraternity. The leaders of the Third Estate besides declared the constitution of a constitutional monarchy with Louis XVI as constitutional caput of province. and a general assembly as the lawmaking organic structure of France. Louis XVI reluctantly accepted the new place as crowds waved in the streets for the new ideals of the Gallic province.
The swayers of Austria. Prussia. and England were all but stunned by the developments in France. They instantly sent a combined ground forces to France under the bid of a Prussian duke. Louis was restored to his former place. Many of the revolutionists were either imprisoned or killed by the foreign ground forces. But this was impermanent. The leaders of the revolution rallied the people in nearby urban centres and created a powerful ground forces which drove the encroachers from France. Louis was imprisoned ( together with his married woman and main functionaries ) . After two old ages. both the male monarch and queen were guillotined in a public square.
After the disintegration of the Gallic monarchy. the Assembly enacted Torahs which represented the ideals of the Gallic Revolution. Every individual in the province. regardless of his/her place in the societal ladder. was declared citizens of the Gallic Republic. Election was institutionalized. The clergy was nationalized ; that is. put under province control ( Catholic priests received wages from the province ) . A system of instruction was proposed which embodied the nucleus rules of democracy. A goddess of autonomy was erected in Paris to typify the new societal order. Monarchists in provincial councils were arrested.
Those of blue blood swore trueness to the Gallic Republic. In a affair of five old ages. the Old France was all of a sudden abolished. To the sovereign of Europe. the ideals of the Gallic Revolution were unsafe and disdainful of the philosophy of tyranny. From the start. they sought every possible agencies to forestall the spread of the Revolution. and failed. The spreading of the ideals of the Revolution was due to one individual. Napoleon Bonaparte. After his assignment as junior general. he was ordered to process to Italy to distribute the ideals of the Revolution.
Napoleon defeated the Austrians and claimed Italy to the Gallic Directory. While in Italy. he instituted reforms that would floor the sovereign of Europe. A new system of jurisprudence and instruction was implemented. integrating in item the rules of the Revolution. States within Italy were asked to direct their representatives to a national convention ( the Catholic Pope opposed this move as it would decrease his authorization over cardinal Italy ) . Napoleon unconsciously planted the seed of Italian integrity. The ideals of the Revolution were the necessary ingredients for this integrity.
When Napoleon left Italy. he had founded a united Italy under the counsel of radical France. Some of the durable parts of Napoleon were as follows: 1 ) the Civil Code of 1804. 2 ) the acceptance of the metric system. 3 ) the emancipation of Jews in Western Europe. and 4 ) new tactical manoeuvres. The Civil Code of 1804 was designed to allow freedom of faith to all dwellers of the Gallic Empire. The Code besides arranged for the public ordinance of Lutheran and Calvinist communities in France and assigned the province the full duty for the wage of Protestant curates.
In 1799. the metric system was introduced as the new unit of measuring. Although it was comparatively unpopular. it made headroom in the United States three old ages subsequently. Today. the metric system is the official unit of step used in most states. Napoleon besides passed Torahs which emancipated Jews. Rights to belongings and worship were extended to the Jews. Laws curtailing Hebrews to the ghettos were abolished. Most of Napoleon’s military schemes were adopted by a new coevals of military commanding officers.
Lee for illustration modified many of Napoleon’s manoeuvres to make more powerful military moves ( as exemplified in his public presentation in the US Civil War ) . The Gallic Revolution and Napoleon altered Europe in four respects. First. they were responsible for the spread of patriotism in many states in Europe. In Spain for illustration. the assignment of Napoleon’s brother as male monarch of Spain enraged the Spanish people. In their chauvinistic outraged. they withdrew to the mountains and swore to drive the Gallic from their state. Napoleon’s double matter-of-fact attack to both patriotism and tyranny was apparent in the Peninsular Campaign.
Bonaparte was attracted both to the thought of patriotism and tyranny. yet he failed to hold on the fact that his actions created chauvinistic enthusiasm on the conquered peoples. Second. the Holy Roman Empire ( which stood for a thousand old ages ) was abolished and replaced with the alleged ‘Confederation of the Rhine. ’ Later this would germinate into the province of Germany. In short. the creative activity of the ‘Confederation of the Rhine’ was the initial measure towards German integrity. Third. both the Gallic Revolution and Napoleon laid the thoughts of democracy to the mentality of the Europeans.
After Napoleon’s death. democracy spread like wildfire in Europe. This led to the 1848 Revolution which forced Prince Metternich to vacate as Austria’s premier curate. And in conclusion. both the Gallic Revolution and Napoleon showed the ideals of autonomy. equality. and fraternity are durable constructs. It is true today. Broad democracies frequently echo the ideals of the Gallic Revolution as the beginning of democracy. Reference Hunt. Lynn et Al. 2006. The Making of the West: Peopless And Cultures. A Concise History. Volume II: Since 1340. New York: Bedford Books.