The winter of 1773 was destined to be marvelous. On December 16, the Sons of Liberty dressed up as Mohawk Indians and boarded on three large ships that carried 343 chests in total of British East India Company tea. The American patriots were armed with axes to attack so that they were able to smash ships and dump the tea at the Boston Harbor. They threw more than 92,000 pounds of tea overboard into the sea. It was a meaningful event in the American history because it was an effective protest of the Tax Act of 1773 and it fired the first shot of the American Revolution (“Boston Tea Party History”, n.d.).            Back to those days, English Parliament proclaimed a series of regulations, expecting to take further control over people in the English colonies. The Townshend Acts was one of them. The measure was passed and became effective in the colonies in 1767, levying tax on the imported products such as tea, paints and paper. Charles Townshend, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, enforced the acts to defray expenses of management over the colonies and relieved the stress of imperial budgets. However, from Americans’ perspective, it was an abuse of Great Britain’s constitutional power. And because of these acts, the number of imports to these colonies dropped dramatically and the variety of imported goods went limited.            Most Americans were furious, and gathered to oppose against Parliament. British leaders unfortunately underestimated the actual severity of this opposition and still believed that the colonists would eventually accept those taxes and realize their duties. But Americans proved them wrong. Many Americans believed that British Parliament overused their power and rights. The conflict had a significant impact on colonists and British Parliament’s relationship, rooting a sense of rebellion and liberation inside the colonists. That’s why Samuel Adams, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, realized the importance of the foundation and the use of power (“Townshend Acts”, 2009). He indicated that legislature came from the central authority. A foundation wouldn’t stand firmly if nobody trusted and supported it. Dominant Americans lost trust in Great Britain, then ultimately all of them would fight against it.             Three years later, in 1770, all the Townshend measures were revoked except for the tea act. Parliaments made a concession and agreed to a ceasefire with Americans. They kept the tax on tea to maintain its rule over these territories. But peace didn’t last long. In 1772, Gaspee, a British patrol boat, was burnt to its waterline. An American merchant was unsatisfied with high tax that Englishmen imposed on his goods. So as a protest, he, together with his crew, set Gaspee on fire. But what happened later was more important. When British sent people to investigate and attempted to arrest criminals, they found nobody committing the crime.


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