In addition to the Supreme Court, the federal court system includes
appellate and trial courts.
A main difference between state and federal courts is
state courts try cases between citizens of a state, while federal courts try disputes between states.
How are state and federal appellate courts similar?
Both hear cases from lower courts.
Before a case can be heard in a state high court, it must
go through a selection process.
A losing party in a federal trial court can
appeal to a higher federal court.
Judges in federal appellate courts determine whether
a lower court made an error in a case.
Which type of jurisdiction do federal trial courts have?
Courts of general jurisdiction typically have
a judge and jury.
Jurisdiction gives federal courts the authority
to hear certain kinds of cases.
US District Courts hear federal cases involving
civil and criminal issues.