Developmental theories. such as the Latent Trait Theory explain condemnable behaviour through life-course basicss. Violent offenses. such as slaying and battery are consequently the consequence of behaviour that has been shaped get downing in one’s childhood. This paper explains violent behaviour and it’s causes through the Latent Trait theory and gives insight into the theory’s beginning. every bit good as high spots how condemnable behaviour can be rehabilitated. The Latent Trait Theory and Violent Crime The Latent Trait Theory is a developmental theory. which explains violent offense from a developmental position.
This paper gives insight into the Latent Trait Theory. which states certain personality types and traits are the cause of condemnable behaviour. Personality traits. which lead to violent offense are inherited and acquired early in life through childhood experiences. In add-on. this paper explains the beginnings of the Latent Trait Theory. and it suggests rehabilitation methods for condemnable wrongdoers. The Origins of the Latent Trait Theory Harmonizing to Siegel ( 2011 ) . David Rowe. D. Wayne Osgood. and W. Alan Nicewander presented the Latent Trait Theory in 1990.
The Latent Trait Theory suggests that felons are born with certain personality traits that make them prone to criminalism. For those non born with those traits. it is besides possible to get them early in life. These latent traits include impulsiveness. faulty intelligence. familial abnormalcies. instabilities of the physical-chemical operation of the encephalon caused by drugs. chemicals. and hurts. every bit good as axis II personality upsets as listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( Siegel. 2011 ) .
The Latent Trait Theory suggests that worlds are controlled by a cardinal ain trait. which controls one’ behaviour. Some protagonists of the Latent Trait theory believe that this chief trait can alter over the class of one’s life-time. Others suggest that this chief trait remains stable and inflexible over the class of one’s life. Further. one’s environment can act upon how this trait takes form during the class of a life-time. If chance to perpetrate offense nowadayss itself. so persons. who are already prone to criminalism due to the presence of a major latent trait. will most likely bend to offense.
Harmonizing to the Latent Trait Theory. condemnable behaviour is determined by the presence of a major latent personality trait. which once more is determined by external forces. such as interpersonal relationships. and condemnable chance ( Siegel. 2011 ) . Violent Crime Harmonizing to the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting Program ( UCR ) . an estimated 1. 246. 248 violent offense occurred in our state in 2010. This is a lessening in violent offense by 6 per centum from the old twelvemonth. Yet it still means that 403. 6 violent offenses occur per 100. 000 dwellers.
Of these. aggravated assaults history for the highest figure among violent offense. followed by robbery. physical colza. and slaying. Most violent offenses are committed with the usage of pieces ( FBI. 2011 ) . Victims of violent offense and their households frequently experience huge physical hurt. in add-on to negative psychological effects. such as for illustration behavioral. and societal effects like depression. substance maltreatment. fright. and post-traumatic emphasis upset ( Simon. Kresnow. & A ; Bossarte. 2008 ) . In add-on. violent offense that occurs within the privateness of one’s place frequently does non acquire reported.
Violence and violent offense that occurs in relationships are non uncommon. and frequently the victims do non describe the offense because they are intimidated. or fearful ( Simon. Kresnow. & A ; Bossarte. 2008 ) . Latent Traits and Violent Crime Impulsivity is one of the major latent personality traits that make persons prone to criminalism. and harmonizing to Wilson and Hernstein ( 1985 ) . impulsivity is the existent chief trait of piquing ( as cited in Zimerman. 2010 ) . Sensation seeking. and low self-denial have been linked to impulsivity. and are latent traits of condemnable offenders’ personalities ( Zimmerman. 2010 ) .
Depending on an individual’s environment these latent traits were already present at birth or were acquired really early in life and developed into condemnable and violent behaviour. Violent offense is frequently the consequence of unprompted actions. In many instances offense itself is planned to some grade. but when the program gets interrupted. sudden force might ensue ( Zimmerman. 2010 ) . Impulsive behaviour is frequently the ground for offense to go violent ; many liquidators do non be after to slay another person. but depending on the state of affairs. they act upon what triggers them impetuously and in a manner that they did non program ( Zimmerman. 2010 ) .
Latent traits that are non present at birth. but are acquired during childhood and adolescence are frequently the consequence of exposure to force. Harmonizing to Cohn and Crim ( 2008 ) . young person that grow up in violent a vicinity and are exposed to force. or have violent parents. are more likely to perpetrate violent offense in adolescence and maturity ( p. 1 ) . Statistics show that over 60 % of American young person are exposed to force. at some point in their teenage old ages. whether it is commission or victimization.
In add-on. parental and peer relationships become progressively more of import for young person as they grow up. These interpersonal relationships. when force is modeled. influence young person to get the same latent traits for force themselves. Contending is considered commission. and those who fight tend to hold the same features as those who commit violent offense ; they tend to be male. they have a inclination to impulsivity and esthesis seeking. and they tend to prosecute in intoxicant and substance maltreatment ( Farb Feldman. Grunden. Matjasko. & A ; Needham. 2010 ) .
Research on force has proven that young person who do prosecute in violent behaviour are prone to violent behaviour. and they are unprompted or have difficulty commanding their disposition. Those latent traits are more likely to be found in certain ethnicities. such as African Americans. and Hispanics. but are much less common among Caucasic Americans. or Asiatic Americans. Therefore the Latent Trait Theory suggests that traits. such as impulsivity. low self-denial. hard dispositions. and esthesis seeking rhenium more likely be present in minorities ( Farb Feldman. Grunden. Matjasko. & A ; Needham. 2010 ) .
Another ground for latent traits that lead to condemnable behaviour are personality upsets. such as axis II upsets as they are specified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders ( DSM-IV TR 2000 ) . Disorders. such as egotistic personality upset. marginal personality upset. and antisocial personality upset have in common that harmonizing to the Latent Trait Theory these persons are likely to develop condemnable behaviour.