The assigned review text Allen, Stan. “Villa VPRO,” Assemblage (no.34 December 1997): 92-109This writing offers a critique of Villa Vpro as an efficient combination model of office work/ living spaces. The time aspect of this typology is often addressed as temporary. Stan Allen elaborates on the design ideology of MVDRV architects and investigating possibilities though innovative generation of the “Datascape” in informing their structures. This text dives into the subjects of typology, stylistic representation, the modern practice of architecture, landscape design, Ideology formation, data research, political and economic site factors of site design as well as historic reference examples of ancient structures.Another text by the same author Allen, Stan. “Tracing Eisenman: Peter Eisenman Complete Works.” New York: Rizzoli, 2006.This writing addresses the methods of narrating trails of storytelling by reconstructing cause from effect and delving into the details before the story begin. This conventional and straightforward method offers resolution and atmosphere where the reader is brought in circular fashion to the starting point. This text looks at ways in which Eisenman explored parallels between his ideas and the practice of contemporary artist. This text relates to MVRDV working method of extensive research conduction and assembling massive quantities of data to then, objectively, resolve a problem. Both texts attempt to utilize the conventional tools of the architect by supplementing them with statistical methods of information mapping in order to create unique forms.Allen, Stan. “Stan Allen: Four Projects.” First Editions.” San Francisco: Applied Research and Design Publishing, 2017While previous books in the ‘Source Books in Architecture’ series have addressed a single project of the Baumer Professor, this one has a slightly different focus. Stan Allen was the Baumer Professor at the school in 2012-13, and this book documents projects that were discussed during Allen’s seminar as well as the theoretical position that Allen began to articulate with Field Conditions in 1996. Twenty years is a remarkable duration for a contemporary architectural position to hold the interest of its author and audience. Since the publication of Field Conditions, advances in digital technology have led to an exhaustive range of experimentation, refinement, and finally, factions in design style and strategy. Expressive form and gymnastic geometry are now available to even novice designers and have worked their way into popular culture and onto the wish lists of public and private clients. While digital advances have expanded architecture’s lexicon, their seductive potential has sometimes trumped architecture’s performance beyond the iconographic. Fatigue and forgetfulness, in such cases, displace architecture’s broader cultural potential.Allen, Stan. “Points + Lines: Diagrams And Projects for the City.” New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1999.This text refers to the interplay of practice and theory by referring to points of activity and paths of movement found in contemporary architecture. This text graphically illustrates projects that propose new architectural strategies for the contemporary city through a user manual. It speculates general principles with specific projects created by Allen’s office. Typologies of the office work place are addressed in Villa Vpro such as the salon, attic, corridor, patio and terrace level. This text introduces intersectional use of programmatic elements and the various possibilities presented through juxtaposing of those typological elements.Another author about the same project(s) Ruby, Ilka. “MVRDV Buildings.” Rotterdam: nai010 publishers, 2013.This text looks in depth into MVRDV practice methodology, their performance, the experience of their architecture as well as archiving projects including Villa VPRO (Hilversum), WoZoCo (Amsterdam), Balancing Barn (Suffolk, UK) and Edificio Mirador (Madrid), a blue house (in Didden Village, near Rotterdam), on an orange tribune (The Why Factory, situated within a courtyard at Delft University of Technology), in a vertical shopping street (the Gyre Shopping Center in Tokyo), in a housing silo (on the IJ waterfront in Amsterdam)”Villa VPRO.” Architizer. Accessed January 29, 2018. https://architizer.com/projects/villa-vpro/.The article published on architizer offers a describtive details on whats it like to be inside villa vpro and the design aspects of the projects as wellas the construction process.Schropfer, Thomas, Heng Chee. Chan, Kees Christiaanse, Herbert Dreiseitl, Naree Phinyawatana, and J.W. H. Yong. “Dense + Green: Innovative Building Types for Sustainable Urban Architecture” Basel, Birkhauser, 2016.This text looks at Villa Vpro as a innovative building type of sustainable urban architecture that explores innovation in architectural typology that emerges from the integration of green components, in this case being the landscape design of Villa Vpro, and provide information on the ecological aspect and implications.A text from the course syllabusColin Rowe, “The Mathematics of the Ideal Villa.” 1947.While Computer use as a crucial part of office environment of recent time had risen the demand for meeting rooms and open floor plans while maintaining compactness for time and material efficiency. This text offers a resource for methods of comparing and contrasting modern typologies of architecture and their elements such as villas designed by Le corb in parrellel to Schinkel and palladio. Similar comparison appears on the lines of MVRDV building of Villa Vpro and examples of historic architecture as the Ziggurats and La Defense. Peter Eisenman, “Post?Functionalism.” 1976. This reading offers a critique of modern architectural displine by addressing the complex contradiction of function such as the neo-realism and neo-rationalism to make a form of neo-functionalism and the problematic notion where architects understand design as a product of some oversimplified form-follows function. This reading helps address the means of which MVRDV has used in Villa Vpro where, according to Stan Allen, their work appears to fall into formalism in the effect of their methods is to make material architecture and thematic techniques.Sigfried Giedion, “Selection from Space, Time and Architecture: The Growth of a New Tradition.” 1941.This reading addresses circumstances in which one can observe architecture in relation to time by addressing contradictory traits and mutually destructive principles as well as elements working together to open way for new solutions. This coincides with MVRDV radical pragmatism by distancing themselves from formulaic rehearsal of convention and defing it for the sake of logic yielding for improbable solutions. Rosalind Krauss, “Sculpture in the Expanded Field.” 1979.Krauss’s text explores the network of relationships that exists between and beyond the concepts of landscape, architecture and sculpture. Krauss’ diagram accounts for the factors that define sculptures practice beyond modernity. Thus, Krauss argues that by denying that there are personal motivations for the creation of certain forms and retelling the story that the objects were produced with industrial techniques exist in a category within itself. MVRDV are among many architectural practices that havemade landscape thematic by generating the idea of an “urban landscape” suggests that a building as something that constructs the site as a landscape ground for futureoccupations and events.