The roles of observation and measurement in the identification of the patterns in nature is observing is when get a sense of how nature behaves and measurements provide a exact description when something something’s and how often. 3. Why is mathematics considered the “language of science? Mathematics is considered the “language of science” because it allows them to communicate their results in compact form and often as a added benefit allows them to make very precise predictions about expected outcomes of experiment or observations. . What are the branches of science? How do they relate to the “web of knowledge”? The branches of science are Physics, chemistry, astronomy, geology, and biology. They relate to the “web of knowledge” because everything is connected. 5. Describe the steps of the scientific method. The steps of the scientific method are observation, hypothesis, hypothesis testing, empirical law, and theory. 6. Describe the roles of hypotheses, theories, and predictions in the scientific method.

The roles of hypotheses, theories, and predications in the scientific method are: Hypotheses is a tentative guess about owe the world works, based on a summary of experimental or observational results and phrased so that it can be tested by experimentation. Prediction is a guess about how a particular system will be heave, followed by observations to see if the system did behave as expected within a specific range of situations. Theory is a description of the world that covers a relatively large number of phenomena and has met many observational and experimental tests. 7.

Describe the difference between an observation and an experiment. The difference teens an observation and an experiment is Observation is observing nature without manipulating it and experiment is manipulating some aspect of nature and observe the outcome. 8. Why might the term scientific cycle be a good substitute for scientific method? The term scientific cycle would be a good substitute for the scientific method because scientific method is a endless cycle that never stops collecting information and in science there is no final answers. 9. What “overarching principles” are accepted by all scientists?

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Laws of nature re “overarching principles” that are accepted by all scientists. 10. Describe the difference between basic and applies research. Give examples of basic and applied research that might be undertaken in the fields of transportation and health. The difference between basic and applied research is basic research is studying the behavior of distant stars, obscure life form, rare minerals, or subatomic particles and applied research is the type of research performed by scientist with specific and particle goals in mind. This research is often translated into practical system by large scale research.

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