Many blacks In the south were exposed to very harsh situations on the physical and mental levels after the reconstruction era. Racial discrimination and the Jim Crow Laws put pressure on the blacks to stay away from whites as much as they can. After world war 1 boll weevil Infestations devastated many cotton farms and their workers dreams of supporting their families.
One Georgia man said he left the south because of his “desire to escape harsh and unfair treatment, to secure a larger degree of arsenal liberty, better advantages for children, and a living wage. Not many moved out of the south though because of having little Information about Jobs elsewhere. The North drew in African Americans because of the new job surge. Before the war Immigrants controlled the factories with their cheap labor wage. But during the war there were no longer immigrants.
This opened the door for blacks to become employed due to the high demand for war goods. The Harlem Renaissance Is an African American revolution that would eventually hoecake the talents in multiple fields such as music, literature and art. Many of the key figures who were jazz musicians field played in nightclubs. The audiences were mainly black but white people also drove Into Harlem to see them play. Black artists also expressed the richness of their culture through pictures, paintings, and murals most famously done by Aaron Douglas.
One of the greatest leaders of the Harlem Renaissance was Lain Locke, she compiled black writings in 1925 and eventually there publishers took notice and Incorporated more African Americans into their publishing’s. The movie “Birth of a Nation” glorified the ASK. It made it seem as though they were helping the nation and provided a sense of security for the whites. The ASK perceived blacks as being unintelligent figures in society who contributed nothing to help the growth of the country. They commonly assaulted, arrested, and murdered blacks to try and drive them out of the country.
The Administration of FED advanced the causes of African American by working with any civil rights groups to deal with police brutality, lynching and voting rights abuses. The Civil Rights section of Roosevelt Justice Department worked directly with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) to deal with these dilemmas. The help was Limited because FED couldn’t push for anti- lynching movements because that would restrict his number of votes in the south. Jackie Robinson should be considered a significant figure in the “Civil Rights” movement.
Robinson was the flirts black man to ever play In the ML, this Itself was 1 OFF showed that he could be Just as good as a white man on the baseball field. Robinson was not necessary a leader, but was a figure who showed that skin color should not be a big a deal as it was. Robinson most likely supported Nixon over Kennedy in the 1960 election because of his position on civil rights. Nixon pushed more for ending civil rights as seen in a draft version of a letter written to Robinson from Nixon.