William Faulkner’s “A Rose for Emily” tells the narrative of a immature adult female who murders her lover in her despair to maintain him everlastingly. Emily Grierson lived her full life locked up in her ain house by her oppressive male parent who refused to allow her populate the life of an ordinary adult female. When the opportunity of love and life eventually comes to Emily. she urgently holds on it even if it meant killing the individual she loves. Faulkner adds important inside informations to this apparently simple tragic love narrative. Emily’s male parent is described to be a tyrant—locking up his girls and striping them of a normal life.
Peoples in town speculate that her father’s Fe manus regulation has affected Emily’s mental stableness. By detailing the father’s manner of upbringing his girls. the storyteller implicates the male parent in the calamity of Emily. The storyteller besides adds that Emily’s household is a proud people and that Emily’s descent from aristocracy through her relationship with a common labourer is pathetic. The townspeople agree that Emily’s family in Alabama should “come to her” and forestall her from distributing “disgrace to the town and a bad illustration to the immature people” by keeping a relationship with Homer Barron ( Faulkner 460-61 ) .
The townspeople besides judge Emily by raising the sovereignty of their faith. Emily is confronted by a Baptist curate. but because of the narrator’s limited point of position. the inside informations of the confrontation are non revealed. However. after her conversation with the curate. Emily is non seen once more at church. connoting that the confrontation ended sourly. The people seem to hold plentifulness of sentiment about the unusual happenings in Emily’s life such as the decomposing malodor of her house. her scandalous relationship with Homer. her disappearing and Homer’s disappearing.
But the storyteller reveals that these things are spoken of “behind closed jalousies” ( Faulkner 460 ) . The storyteller references this phrase twice in the narrative. This item reveals the rumouring quality of the narrator’s position. In the ulterior treatment. this will be elaborated. These elements points to the subject of gender favoritism which pushes Emily to perpetrate slaying in the terminal. Her father’s narrow minded position of adult females as a domestic object becomes the drift for Emily to be a hermit. As a consequence. Emily fails to develop through a healthy interaction with the people around her.
When Emily gets 30 and remains individual. the townspeople Begin to feel for her. They speculate that her father’s ill-treatment of her is the perpetrator in her only life. They imagine Emily “a slender figure in white in the background. her male parent spraddled silhouette in the foreground. his dorsum to her and seizing a horsewhip. the two of them framed by the backflung forepart door” ( Faulkner 459 ) . This image reveals non merely her father’s inhuman treatment but besides how the townsfolk see this fact in visible radiation of the events of in the life of Emily.
It is interesting that Faulkner distorts the chronological sequence of events in order to let the position of the storyteller and. by extension the townsfolk to be revealed particularly with respect to cause of Emily’s tragic terminal. Through the deformation of the chronology. the storyteller is able to reflect on the events of Emily in connexion to her yesteryear and her household. It besides reveals how the townsfolk in seeking to understand Emily. effort to set the spots and pieces of her life together to organize a coherent. acceptable whole.
But their limited position renders the narrative questionable and nonreversible. Therefore. its cogency becomes questionable. Faulkner besides disrupts the chronological sequence of the narrative and begins with the decease of the funny old lady named Emily in order to foreground the attitude of the town towards her and the things that had happened in her life. At the beginning. we see how she is locked by her male parent who overruled her life and how people around them thinks this has turned Emily brainsick. It is of import to observe that people simply “speculate” about many things sing Emily.
Possibly there is ground to hold that Emily’s traumatic state of affairs has made her unstable. but what Faulkner asks in the narrative is whether she can be blamed for her instability. The townspeople seem to disregard the fact that Emily is a exploited adult female and that there is no ground for them to handle her calamity as a spectacle. One of the of import elements in the narrative that unlocks its subject is the point of position. The narrative is told through the position of an nameless townspeople. He tells the narrative of Emily from a distanced place and at some point admits to the insufficiency of his information.
Most of the things the storytellers know about Emily are spread through rumours. When Emily’s father died. the storyteller discovers Emily’s forsaking through got around the town ( 459 ) . Ladies in the town speculate about her life after Homer Baron “behind louvered windows closed upon the Sun of Sunday afternoon” ( 460 ) . Joseph Garrison suggests that because of the narrator’s limited position. he can be considered an undependable storyteller ( 344 ) . Further. he adds that the storyteller may hold embellished the narratives sing the clip span in which the full narrative of Emily unfolds ( 344 ) .
On the other manus. James Wallace concurs with Garrison’s position that the limited position may hold caused the storyteller to embroider events and blow episodes out of proportion. Wallace asserts that although embroidery is rather plausible. it is possible that cardinal events in the narrative. such Emily buying arsenic and Homer’s slaying are accurate. Both Wallace and Garrison agree that the rumouring position of the storyteller non merely qualify Emily. in a really limited and colored manner. but. more significantly. it characterizes the townsfolk every bit good. Through the eyes of the storyteller. the biass of the townsfolk are revealed.
Their premises and judgement of Emily as a brainsick old sap becomes apparent in their shockable appraisal of her life. While Emily’s tragic past reveals the denigration and subjugation of adult females during that coevals. the tragic matter of Emily with Homer Baron reveals the steep societal outlooks of her. Upon larning that Emily is holding an matter with a common building woker. people started to feel for her. mentioning to her as “Poor Emily” because it is non proper for a white woman—one with a “noblesse oblige”— to hold an matter with “a Northerner. a twenty-four hours laborer” ( Faulkner 460 ) .
Despite the rumours about her. Emily “carried her caput high enough” and proved to everyone her self-respect ( Faulkner 460 ) . However. the subjugation of her world affects the relationship of Emily and Homer. Thus Emily left without a pick. slayings her one true love to maintain him everlastingly. Her small town has left her with no option but to perpetrate this cruel act. Faulkner ends the narrative with a testament of Emily’s echt love for Homer. The strand of grey hair beside the castanetss of Homer proves that her love goes beyond the grave. The story’s position partly tells the reader what sort of adult female Emily is in the narrative.
But its limited position besides sheds visible radiation on the character of the townsfolk and gives intimation as to why Emily’s life ended the manner it did. In some manner. the storyteller implicates the town and himself in the calamity of Emily’s life.
Faulkner. William. “A Rose for Emily. ” The Story and Its Writer: An Introduction to Short Fiction Ed. Ann Charters. Boston: Bedford. 1995. 457-463 Garrison. Joseph M. “’Bought Flowers’ in ‘A Rose for Emily’” Studies in Short Fiction. 16:4 ( Fall 1979 ) : 341-44. Wallace. James M. “Faulkner’s ‘A Rose for Emily. ’” Explicator. 50:2 ( Wint