Theodore Roosevelt: One View Essay, Research Paper
In the specifying minutes of our category lectures with Dr. Rader he stated that, ? political pragmatism can move as the theoretical gum that holds together all viing theoretical accounts and islands of theory. ? He defined the four? forming constructs? which Machiavelli developed as his theory of political pragmatism. These include power, security, opportunism, and human nature. In the first half of the 1900s Hans Morgenthau, a University of Chicago political scientist revamped and updated Machiaqvelli? s theory in his book, ? Politicss Among States: The Struggle for Power and Security. His basic thesis provinces that, ? solons and politicians think and act in footings of opportunism defined as power & # 8230 ; and there is an amorality of power and politics. ? His book became a? bible for foreign policy makers. ? ( Rader Intro & A ; Background portion 3:1,2,4 )
Taking Morgenthau? s six rules of political pragmatism and utilizing them to measure the foreign policy of the undermentioned presidents, Washington, Jefferson, Monroe, Polk, McKinley, and Theodore Roosevelt, it is easy to see why the latter has become known as the first modern president in foreign policy.
With the blackwash of Pres. Mckinley in 1901, Theodore Roosevelt became President. McKinley had already begun the huge mobilisation of the U.S. Navy, set up a committee for the isthmus canal planning, and begun the colonial motion in Asia and the Caribbean. President Roosevelt continued with the programs Pres. Mckinley had implemented but with the drift that would tag him as the? leading universe leader of his time. ? He exploited what former presidents had harbored and with his way the United States became the new centre of the universe balance of power. ( Merrill 486 )
Morganthau provinces in two of his rules refering political pragmatism that human nature is motivated by Torahs of opportunism and solons act and believe in footings of opportunism defined as power. Everything that Teddy Roosevelt did sing foreign policy could be defined as the opportunism of the province and as authoritative illustrations of political power in gesture.
From the really beginning of our province history, our establishing male parents understood that, ? European equilibrium? would be the indispensable beginning of American security. ( Merrill 23 ) This would be our self-interest and power if handled right. Washington every bit good as each of his early replacements understood the interested withdrawal that became our outward position sing other states political webs. They understood how to politically? play? one state against another to derive the best for our self-interest while staying steadfastly entrenched in a impersonal place. ? The State which indulges toward another an accustomed hate, or & # 8230 ; fancy, is in some degree a slave. Sympathy & # 8230 ; assumed common involvements which rarely existed & # 8230 ; ? were the farewell words given by Washington in his Farewell Address. ( Merrill 25 ) This declaration of isolationism and warn
ing against? lasting confederations? guided American foreign policy into the twentieth century.
It has been said that Jefferson gave more to the development of foreign policy than any other solon of his clip. ( Merrill 85 ) Possibly, and perchance the awards afforded him are court to his achievements as the writer of the Declaration of Independence. It is true that he? ne’er questioned what he wanted for America ; & # 8230 ; a society of cultivated, independent work forces & # 8230 ; , maintaining authorities as near to the local degree as possible & # 8230 ; populating the good life. ? ( Merrill 87 ) It is so fortunate for America that we were blessed with other political minds within the authorities that helped travel our fledgling state frontward as Jefferson sat? watching and waiting. ?
President Monroe believed in the high quality of the United States. He was opposed to the? European tampering? in South America. This he saw if allowed to go on, as a danger to our peace and safety. In his reference to congress that has since become known as the Monroe Doctrine he states that there will be? no farther colonisation, no transportation or extension of claims, and in return America would non interfere in European affairs. ? ( Merrill 181 ) Roosevelt would subsequently add his celebrated corollary to this papers. Again, we see Morganthau? s rules in action. Monroe played upon the human nature of the Europeans while keeping our opportunism. Our turning imperium remained secure.
In 1845 James K. Polk became president of the United provinces. He was an professed expansionist. He saw chance both to the South in Texas and westward. He perchance suit Morganthau? s 3rd and 5th rules better than most presidents to that clip. Morganthau said, ? there are no nonsubjective Torahs of morality in political relations and behaviour should non be justified on moral evidences in international dealingss, diplomatic negotiations, or foreign policy. Polk gave new significance to expansionism. He was accused of maltreatment of executive power and aggressive Acts of the Apostless against Mexico. He was accused of Anglo-Saxon racism and aggressive leading. These were besides things Teddy Roosevelt were accused of. But, the differences between these two Presidents lay in their popularity.
Teddy Roosevelt was? Everyman. ? He was what scraggy immature male childs dreamed of going. He was the kernel of strength. He was power. He was America in all her arrogant, rambunctious, powerful, diplomatic, robust glorification. He understood human nature. He understood history and how the yesteryear could implement the hereafter. He was the turning point from yesterday into a modern avenue of foreign policy.
There is more to Manliness and Civilization than I have infinite to discourse here, much of it really provocative. Bederman & # 8217 ; s analyses are ever challenging and
often strikingly original. Unhappily, although filled with stimulating thoughts, her book rests upon excessively narrow an evidentiary base and is marred by excessively unsure
a bid of method to prolong the claims she progresss.