Training is all forms of planned learning experiences and activities designed to make possitive changes to performance

Development approaches the individual and their motivation from a different angle from that of training. development is more personal and enables individuals to develop themselfs in the best way that suits their individual needs. By individuals developing they will be more inclined and better able to contribute to helping the company meet its objectives.

There are many different types of training, which include…

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Induction training

Induction is the process of introducing the new employees to the place they are going to work. Induction will provide information the person needs to start their job and help them ‘fit in’ generally. Induction will take place straight after recruitment and selection, as well as dealing with initial knowlage and skills they need for their job, it will also deal with the structure, culture and activities of the business. In larger companies induction would involve the new employee working in a number of departments for a short period of time, to get the overall feel of the business and how it works. In a typical induction there will be a talk from a seniour member off staff, getting to know other employees you will be working with and watching an induction video. Sometimes bonding activities will be done to break the ice. The new recruit is often given an induction pack that introduces them to the business, these often also include little bits like pens etc. Using this type of training will help people relax and maybe prevent them from leaving.


Mentoring is when a trainee is ‘paired’ up with a more experienced employee. The more experienced employee becomes the Mentor and is there to discuss problems that may occur and hows best to solve them, they may also go to their mentor for any queries they want to make about work.


Coaching is when a employee gets provided with a personal coach within the workplace. The coach and individual being coached will identify development oppurtunities that they can work on togther, Eg. ways of improving performance. The coach will provide feedback on performance and how it is progressing.

Coaching will also benefit the whole business not just the individual.


An apprenticeship is when someone is being learnt on the job. Apprenticies have to work for a number of years to master their trades before they can go on independently. During early years the wages will be quite low… and over the years rise untill they are able to go off and set up on their own for higher wages.

Nowdays they are called Modern Apprentaships and they will combine learning on the job with a college based course, they are now subsidised by the government which gives employees a greater incentive to take on apprentices. Bowmer and Kirkland offer Modern Apprentaships to school leavers, the way they are trained depends on if they have GCSE’s or A-levels. If your are 18 + you would be offered a 5 year construction course.

In-house training and external training

In-house training is where an organasation has its own training department, this can take place on or off the job within the company. However external training is where employees are sent on courses or are trained in other ways away from the business, this is always off the job.

On-the-job :

This is when employees are trained whilst carring out an activity, usually at their place of work.

Off-the-job :

This takes place away from the job, either internally or externally. Many large companies will have alot of off the job internal training.

Bowmer and Kirkland think that in-house training has alot of benefits including the fact it can be controlled, also people in the company will be able to meet each other and maybe get contacts for work. The company also have the facilities for training already at the company so it is cost effective.

However External training they believe to be good as it a sort of ‘thankyou’ when employees get sent on it as it will be a trip away and maybe also get time to theirself on the course after it has been done.

Training will result in alot of benefits for the comapany…

* Improove the competativness of the business, as well as improoving productivity and coustomer service.

* In the long run training could cost less than recruiting a fully trained worker, as these type of employees tend to leave much earlier than ones that the business have trained up themselfs.

* It is a great incentive to work, it will give the employee the right attitude and motivation towards their job.

* In long term the benefits of training will cancell out the costs as there will be higher skill and knowlage within the company and a lower laybour turnover and reduced employment costs…

* It will improve efficiency within the business.

* It is also quite enjoyable and will create a good atmosphere in the workforce.

* Bowmer and Kirkland believe that Advancment is the biggest benefit of training.


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