This Unit Activity will help you meet these educational goals: 21st Century Skills?You will employ online tools for research and analysis, use critical-thinking and problem- solving skills, communicate effectively, and assess and validate information. Introduction In this activity, you will learn about the research process and then write a research paper of your own. Research is a systematic investigation to establish new facts, solve problems, propose new ideas, or develop new theories.

A researcher analyzes what is already known about a topic and then extends that knowledge. To guide the research, it is important to verbalize a question at the center of the research. To begin, a researcher decides what kind of information he or she needs and where to look for it. Sources usually include other published work, such as textbooks, Journal articles, and Internet sources. Having examined a wide range of material from different sources, the researcher then decides how much of it is relevant to the topic at hand.

Often, there is so much information available that the challenge is to choose the most reliable and accurate sources. Researchers must accurately represent what they observe or learn from other resources and must not let their personal biases get in the way. They must be careful to document and give credit to all the sources they have used. It is important to remember that research is not Just gathering and compiling information: a researcher has to organize the existing information in a meaningful way, analyze the information found, and add an original contribution to the topic.

The contribution may be in the form of new facts, viewpoints, or insights. Research often centers on a single central idea, or thesis, that is supported by a thorough presentation of supporting details. Directions and Analysis Task 1: Writing a Research Paper In this activity, you will write a research paper on a technology invented years ago that has a significant effect on people’s lives. Before you start working on this task, read about the research process and learn how to find relevant information. A.

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Your research paper should have a clear purpose; that is, it should state a specific opinion on the use to plastic and its detects on the environment and support t opinion with information. Think of a central idea for your research paper: consider both the positive aspects of plastic use and the negative effects of plastic. Your entrap idea should be based on evaluating the impact of plastic?its effects on people’s lives and on the environment. State your central idea in one or two sentences. Type your response here: b. Gather four to seven resources about the uses of plastic and its effects on the environment.

Look for information that includes the advantages of plastic, such as its adaptability to many purposes, and its disadvantages, such as environmental problems relating to its use. If you use the Internet to gather information, websites in the . Du and . Org domains are usually preferable to . Com websites. Visit your local Barry, if necessary, to look for information in Journals and books. Identify sources of information that are relevant to your work. Decide which sources you will use in your paper, and make a list of them that includes brief descriptions of the information they contain.

Write your list of source citations in ML style (click the menu options to see how to cite different types of materials, such as books, Journals, and websites). Whenever possible, make sure a source is reliable before including it. C. Create an outline of the research paper you will write. You outline should contain introduction six sections: first argument Ђ second argument third argument conclusion bibliography The bibliography will be a list, in ML style, of all the resources used in the research paper.

Remember that when you use information from sources, it is essential to use your own words to avoid popularizing the source. Be sure to enclose a direct quote in quotation marks and provide a clear reference to the author and title of the resource. D. Using your outline and the information you have gathered, write a 750- to 1,250- word research paper on the topic. Your research paper must include a title, an introduction, a body, a conclusion, and a list of sources used. Write a title that is closely related to the central idea you have developed.

The introduction should briefly include background information (for example, the history of plastic) to place the topic in context and should describe what the main body of the paper is about. State your central idea clearly in the body of the paper, and add enough details to support the idea. Whatever your viewpoint, discuss both the benefits of using plastic and the harm it causes. Use paragraphs to organize your paper and present the information in manageable chunks. The conclusion should summarize the content of the paper, including the central dead. Include a list of sources (cited in ML style) at the end. . After you have finished writing, edit your paper so it conveys your message as effectively as possible. You should also double-check the facts at this time. Now go over the paper two more times. On the first pass, proofread the paper to find and correct any errors in punctuation, grammar, and spelling; on the second pass, use the rubric to review the content of the paper. Resources research process ML style outline avoid popularizing proofread Evaluation Your teacher will use this rubric to evaluate the completeness of your work as well as he clarity of thinking you exhibit.

I Concepts I I Distinguish I The paper addresses the topic with excellent development of a clear central idea. I Shed I The paper provides excellent supporting details, which are organized logically and presented in well-constructed paragraphs. 1 I The outline is easy to follow, contains all required elements, and clearly helped develop a better paper. I I points) I The paper uses excellent and reliable resources, which have been properly documented. I The text is very well written, with excellent use of grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

I I Proficiency I The paper addresses the topic with adequate development of a central idea. I It I The paper provides sufficient supporting details, which are organized logically and presented in paragraphs. Used to develop the paper. I The outline is complete and was clearly I Points) I The paper uses relevant and reliable resources, which have been properly documented. I The text is generally well written, with correct grammar, spelling, and with some evidence of a central idea. I I Developing I The paper addresses the topic paper provides some supporting details with modest organization.

I The outline is present but is not complete or was not helpful in writing the paper. I Points) I The paper uses reasonably reliable resources, which have been documented in some form. I The text is not well written and has noticeable grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors. Clearly. I I Beginnings paper does not address the topic 1 point)Lethe paper lacks supporting details or proper organization. I The outline is incomplete or absent. I The paper uses unreliable resources or none at all. I The text is poorly written and has numerous grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors. Unit Activity English 9

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