This paper will speak about war and will analyze whether war is a natural status and is inevitable or whether war is merely an innovation of world and can be avoided if so desired. The paper will besides discourse the effects of war and some of the factors which trigger and initiate confrontation. Margaret Meade defines war or warfare as a “recognized struggle between two groups as groups. in which each group puts an ground forces ( even if the ground forces is merely 15 pigmies ) into the field to contend and kill. if possible. some of the members of the ground forces of the other group.

” ( Meade. Margaret ) Man has been addicted to war for centuries. In ancient times. adult male did non even necessitate a really strong ground to travel to war. He was used to runing folks. killing work forces and adult females and plundering small towns. Strength was perceived to be tantamount to the figure of lands one could suppress or the figure of people one could kill. Men killed in cold blood and considered this manner of life to be exciting and glorious. ( James. William ) This attitude has changed to a big extent in the modern universe. One can’t merely travel out and kill.

At least in rule adult male can non kill or plunder or damage another human being. Harmonizing to William James. war is allowable “only when forced upon one. merely when an enemy’s unfairness leaves us no option. ” Nevertheless. the senseless wars and devastation we see all around us today indicates that man’s thirst and captivation for war and bloodshed has non decreased but is merely manifested otherwise. In other words. “modern adult male inherits all the unconditioned aggressiveness and all the love of glorification of its ascendants.

No admiration adult male has engaged in so many senseless and irrational wars conveying hurting and horror to 100s and 1000s of people. ( James. William ) Man has been a changeless protagonist of war. This is apparent from the legion struggles prevalent all around the universe. From World War I and II to the Korean War. Vietnam. Guatemala. Nicaragua. Columbia. West Bank and Gaza. Sudan. Yemen. Algeria. Gulf. Turkey. Bosnia. Kosovo. Sarajevo and so on. 1000s of people are engaged in combat all across the Earth and 1000000s are being killed and injured.

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If one merely looks at the human deaths during the 1990s. one would see that there are about “2 million people dead in Afghanistan. 1. 5 million dead in Sudan. around 800. 000 dead in Rwanda. half a million dead in Angola. one-fourth of a million dead in Bosnia. 200. 000 dead in Guatemala ; 150. 000 dead in Liberia ; a one-fourth of a million dead in Burundi and 75. 000 dead in Algeria. ” There are 100s and 1000s of people deceasing in struggles between Israel and Palestine. Ethiopia and Eritrea. Columbia. Chechnya. Sri Lanka. Kosovo. Ireland. Turkey and non to bury the Persian Gulf.

Harmonizing to statistics. about 62 million civilians have died in the wars of the 20th century. This is about 20 million more than the figure of military forces that have been killed during the same clip period. Harmonizing to Will Durant. a historian. “there have been merely 20 nine old ages in all of human history during which a war was non underway someplace. ” ( Hedges. Chris ) . Since September 11. a new type of war has begun triggered by onslaughts on America when New York’s World Trade Center was destroyed by two rider planes being flown into them.

Pentagon was besides attacked and it is believed that a similar onslaught had been planned for the White House but did non happen. This started the War against Terrorism with the United States taking the Taliban head-on and assailing Afghanistan in hunt of Osama Bin Laden. A similar war was initiated against Iraq accused of transporting arms of mass devastation. Saddam Hussein was removed as the caput of the province. set on test and executed for his assorted offenses against humanity. However. the war against panic appears to be ne’er stoping.

Although many would hold with the cause of this war. the huge devastation and decease that has been observed depicts the inanity of taking on such a struggle. There are extremists at both terminals – Islamic fundamentalists on one side and aggressive leaders on the other. There is no hope for any declaration if both parties refuse to listen to each other and garbage to do any attempts to achieve peace. It becomes evident from the ne’er stoping bloodshed in Afghanistan and Iraq that adult male is so thirsty for bloodshed otherwise there is merely no ground why such a conflict would last this long.

No 1 is winning and at that place seems to be no decision in sight. The theory that because adult male is a war animate being and has been so for centuries is no alibi for the devastation of so many states and the decease of so many soldiers and guiltless civilians. In fact there are many societies and people who have ne’er undertaken any struggles in their lives. These include the Eskimos and the Lepchas of Sikkim. None of these people understand the construct of warfare. Lepchas are soft and un-quarrelsome people while Eskimos. though non mild. see no necessity of traveling to war for any ground whatsoever.

It may be argued that Eskimos do non possess any land or any assets to hold any ground to pay war. That may be true but the fact still remains that the theory than adult male is biologically designed to pay war appears to be untrue if one looks at certain groups of people that have survived for centuries without engaging any war. Therefore. war is really an innovation by world and even civilized or mild people may travel to war if they are cognizant of this innovation. However. those who do non cognize of war will merely non travel to war because they are non yet cognizant of the innovation.

They may be violent or civilized ; war will ne’er be an option for them. Harmonizing to Margaret Meade. “people who do non cognize of dueling will non contend affaire d’honneurs. even though their married womans are seduced and their girls ravished ; they may on juncture commit slaying but they will non contend affaire d’honneurs. Cultures which lack the thought of the blood feud will non run into every wrangle in this manner. ” ( Meade. Margaret ) Thus. war is non a necessity but an innovation. War can be avoided if human existences see the absolute absurdness of the whole exercising. There is ne’er any positive result of war.

One party ever ends up losing and there is no 1 to judge whether the side which emerges winning is the 1 in the right. War is the worst possible activity world can prosecute in and human existences should jointly work towards sketching options other than war to decide struggles.

Plants Cited

James. Williams. The Moral Equivalent of War. From The Best American Essays of the Century. Joyce Carol Gates. erectile dysfunction. . and Robert Atwan. coed. 2000. 45-49. 52-55. Meade. Margaret. War: An Invention—Not a Biological Necessity. Asia. 1940. Hedges. Chris. War Is a Force That Gives Us Meaning. Anchor. 2005.

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