The United States declares war against Iraq (after an attack allegedly by Al Queda, a terrorist group based in Afghanistan) to destroy their nuclear weapons but what about other countries like North Korea’s nuclear weapons? On September 11, 2001 the United States suffered devastating attacks to the Pentagon, Washington and the World Trade Center resulting in the loss of many innocent civilians lives. The United States government went on to figure out how justice would be served.
As a result of 9/11, in 2003 the United States decided to invade Iraq in order to stop Saddam Hussein as dictator, stop production of weapons of mass destruction, fight the war against terrorism and gain control of Iraq’s oil reserves. The “Just War Doctrine” was created in order to guide the United States in making the decision whether or not war is acceptable. The Vanity Fair article “Path to War”(2004) written by Bryan Burrough, Evgenia Peretz, David Rose, and David Wise reveals evidence how and why the war on Iraq is unjust and breaks the principles in the “Just War Doctrine. Although we have destroyed Saddam Hussein and his organization does not mean the war was justified and many lives could have been saved if other options were put into effect. In order to constitute a war the benefits must out weigh the damages and follow the principles of the Just War Doctrine. However the Bush Administration used the attack on 9/11 to persuade the United States the war is just without fully investigating evidence and alternatives.
The Bush Administration went against the Just War Doctorine and used 9/11 as an excuse to stress unnecessary and uninvestigated reasons to declare war on Iraq. According to the Just War principles, the Bush Administration’s declation of war on Iraq was unjust. President Bush and his Administration used the attack on the World Trade Center as an excuse to declare war against terror; blame Iraq when there was no reliable proof Iraq had any connections to Al Queda because they had ulterior motives.
President Bush and his Administration had ulterior motives when the decision was made to go to war against Iraq. On September 11, 2001 the United States were in shock, the country had not witnessed such a preventable disaster in decades. President Bush and his team determined and announced to the public that the attacks that day were not just acts of terror but acts of war. Then only a short three days after the attacks President Bush and his advisors gathered to discuss the path the war was going to take however they did not keep the Just War principles in mind.
According to the Just War principles, “the damage inflicted by the aggressor on the nation or community of nations much be lasting, grave and certain,” (Catholic. org 2). The damage caused by the attacks on 9/11 will be lasting and grave forever affecting the American people whose lives were lost and destroyed families. However President Bush and his Administration declared acts of war and began to plan a war against Iraq without any proof of who committed these terrorist attacks.
At President Bush’s meeting three days after the attacks Paul Wolfowitz, an undersecretary of defense for policy for George H. W. Bush, allegedly discussed how Iraq’s involvement in 9/11 was only a 10-50% chance. Bush and his Administration have no proof of who was behind the attacks only speculations and ulterior motives. According to ZZZ Bush has had a plan to attack Iraq to gain control of their oil before the 9/11 attack. However Bush knew it was important that find proof and made the main mission in Iraq to find their weapons of mass destruction.
Secretary of State Colin Powell was scheduled to deliver a speech to the public about the war. President Bush’s Vice President Richard Cheney and their “staff constantly pushed for certain intelligence on Iraq’s alleged ties to terrorists to be included-information that Powell and his people angrily insisted was not reliable,”(Burrough etal 2). President Bush and his Administration attempted to use Powell as their way to convince the American people to go to war up until the information Bush insisted on was discredited.
The discredit of proof the Bush Administration continued to support repeatedly became ruled unreliable. The Bush Administration was pushing very had to find evidence to pin the attacks on Iraq but never came up with any concrete evidence. They wanted to have an excuse to invade Iraq not because of 9/11 but to fulfill their premeditated plans with the oil regime. There should be action taken on the group of people who created so much damage and despair for the American people however it has to be the correct group of attackers.
The Just War principle is broken the declaration of war on Iraq without the right intentions and evidence then the war cannot be declared justly. President Bush and his Administrators claimed the war was to search for weapons of mass destruction, however they refused to accept the more practical and safe alternatives to war proposed by allied countries and the C. I. A. The President and his Administrators made one of the main goals to find Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction. These weapons of mass destruction are extremely dangerous nuclear bombs.
Once declaring war and sending the United States troops to Iraq to set off smaller bombs it would be extremely detrimental if a bomb was accidentally dropped where they were storing these weapons of mass destruction creating a massive explosion with an extreme amount of damage. Dropping bombs and over throwing the dictatorship could also lead to the weapons of mass destruction to become abandoned and fall into the hands of an even more dangerous group. “All other means of putting an end to [the war] must have been shown to be impractical or ineffective,” according to the Just War principles (Catholic. org 2). The C. I. A. s well as the United States allies proposed very plausible plans to control Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction for example sending in inspectors to observe the Iraq’s weapon productions. President Bush pushed for the war because the more practical and safe alternatives to control Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction didn’t get to the bottom of the ulterior motive for war, the oil regime. Still no proof Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction the White House believed Iraq claimed there was, “compelling evidence that Saddam [was] reconstituting a uranium enrichment effort for Bagdad’s nuclear weapons program,” (Burrough etal 12).
In June 2003 before the war the United States sent former arms inspector David Kay to Iraq to determine whether the evidence was in fact true only to find more proof the weapons of mass destruction didn’t exist. After the United States personally sent in an effective weapons inspector, the US’s allied countries proposed permanent weapon inspectors to solve the weapons of mass destruction issue however the United Stated refused and insisted on war. The use of permanent weapon inspectors proved to work to control Iraq’s production of weapons.
Declaring war was more dangerous, impractical, and ineffective. There was no need to go to war and the war is considered unjust. If President Bush and his Administrator’s genuine decision to declare war was to fight terror it would only generate more terrorists groups rather than eliminating them. After the attack on 9/11 the American people were devastated and deserved justice. However, there was only a hand full of terrorists on the hijacked planes not a country full. Declaring war to fly around dropping bombs in Iraq is just as bad as the terrorist attack the United States suffered if not worse.
The United States endured the deaths of many innocent civilians however declaring war against Iraq would only cause innocent people to be killed just like the terrorist group did. Fighting the war of terror is not something dropping bombs is going to fix. The Just War principle states “the use of arms must not produce evils and disorders graver than the evil to be eliminated. The power of modern means of destruction weighs very heavily in evaluating this condition,” (Catholic. org 2). Therefore in order for the declaration of war to be just the damage we create must not be worse than what we are attempting to make right.
According to the President the United States has declared war against terror. However killing innocent civilians in an can only lead to the development of more terrorist groups in Iraq and other countries around the world. New York Times Magazine reported that the first formal evaluation of global terrorism since the war, “asserts that Islamic radicalism, rather than being in retreat, has metastasized and spread across the globe,” (NYT 1). Terrorists kill innocent people on purpose and war kills innocent people by accident, both leading to the same result.
After the attack on the United States the American citizens were angry and the innocent people in Iraq felt the same way. If the innocent people in Iraq did not hate the United States before the war they will after the United States continuously bombs their country ruing the place they call home. The United State’s actions to drop bombs are just as bad as the terrorist’s attacks on the World Trade Center. They both cause the deaths of many innocent-civilian lives. The Bush Administration’s decision to go to war did not eliminate any of the evils they set out to fix but instead increased them.
The Bush Administration’s decision to go to war against Iraq had a very small chance to accomplish their goals of fighting against terror and control Iraq’s production of weapons of mass destruction. Searching for weapons of mass destruction is like looking for a needle in a haystack. The United States claimed finding Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction was a main goal however the US flew planes over Iraq and bombed them which would only lead to more terrorists and no weapons of mass destruction.
The Just War principle states, “there mus t be serious prospects of success,” (Catholic. org 2). There are absolutely no way a war will help United States achieve their goals of stopping terrorism and controlling Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction. According to ZZZ, “If on the ground inspectors cannot find WMD, it is not clear how military strikes will be able to destroy WMDs if they do exist,” (Schirch 3). There is no evidence Iraq has weapons of mass destruction so the war does not have a high success rate.
There essentially would be no reason to go to war if there were no weapons of mass destruction. The first step to make the war have serious prospects of success is to solidify the facts. A war to find weapons of mass destruction is absurd and impractical. Declaring a war to destroy weapons of mass destruction without any proven evidence weapons of mass destruction even exist would be considered unjust without high prospects of success. The Just War principles were put into place to help guide the people in the White House to make sure a war is just.
President Bush’s declaration of the war on Iraq against terror is unjust in every aspect. Fighting fire with fire and you can’t fight terrorism with terrorism. War is a type of terrorism although it may not seem intentional many innocent people die in both cases. If anything the war on Iraq brought the United States more terrorists, and gives Iraq a reason to use weapons of mass destruction against us. The war has broken all of the Just War principles making it unlawful. The war on Iraq has only brought bad things for both the United States and Iraq. Sadly “the number of people killed by the sanctions in Iraq is greater than the total number of people killed by all weapons of mass destruction in all of history” according to Noam Chomsky.
Burrough, Ryan, Eugenia Peretz, David Rose, and David Wise. “The Path to War. ” Vanity Fair. N. p. , Nov. 2004. Web. 13 Nov. 2012. <http://www. vanityfair. com/politics/features/2004/05/path-to-war200405>. Galston, William. “Perils of Preemptive War. ” The American Prospect. N. p. , 3 Sept. 2002. Web. 13 Nov. 2012. <http://prospect. org/article/perils-preemptive-war>. “Just War Doctrine. Catholic Answers. N. p. , 2012. Web. 13 Nov. 2012. <http://www. catholic. com/documents/just-war-doctrine>. Mazzetti, Mark. “Spy Agencies Say Iraq War Worsens Terrorism Threat. ” The New York Times. The New York Times, 24 Sept. 2006. Web. 13 Nov. 2012. <http://www. nytimes. com/2006/09/24/world/middleeast/24terror. html? pagewanted=all>. Schirch, Lisa, and William Goldberg. “Overview of the War on Iraq and Strategic Alternatives. “Eastern Mennonite University. N. p. , 2012. Web. 13 Nov. 2012. <http://www. emu. edu/cjp/publications/beyond-september-11th/2003/iraq-war-overviewalternatives/>.