Welfare War Essay, Research Paper

The United States of America & # 8230 ; the land of the free and the place of the

tax-stricken. The state that is known as? the last world power in the

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universe? that developed the deadliest arm on Earth, sent the first individual to

the Moon, and was the place of birth of the most powerful adult male in the universe, Bill

Gates, has forty million people ( which include ten million kids ) without

basic health care coverage. ( Packet, pg.58 ) Although this? supernation?

self-praises of the? American dream, ? where the hapless become rich nightlong, the

typical American citizen does non hold a? super? life style. Based on the

mean income of Americans, ? one in every five U.S. nonelderly families are

hapless, one in four immature families are hapless, and over half of all families

headed be a solitary parent are poor. ? ( Packet, pg.1 ) Though the United States has

tried to mime the public assistance systems of that of Europe, the bureaucratic? ruddy

tape? and the struggles that reside between the legislative assembly and executive

subdivisions of the authorities have hindered the advancement towards an effectual

public assistance reform policy. In order to understand the patterned advances towards polishing

the wounded public assistance system of the United States, one must foremost cognize what

public assistance means. The public assistance province is? a province which takes the premier function in

guaranting the proviso of a minimal criterion of life for citizens. ?

( Professor VonDoepp ) The two ends of the public assistance province is that of 1. security

against socio-economic want ( particularly with the current Capitalistic

system which households base their full life style on the result of the economic system )

Broye 2 2. equality against the still present racial tenseness and economical

barriers that reside in society. Many critics of public assistance plans across the

universe have argued whether the U.S. is truly a public assistance province because of the

limited function played by the authorities to keep a minimal criterion of life.

In Europe? s instance, merely the opposite can be said for their public assistance plans.

European provinces such as Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom

? supply higher minimal criterions of income support than are available in the

U.S. ? ( Packet, pg.1 ) Merely seven per centum of families in Western Europe have

incomes that are below the national median, compared to the United States where

the poorness percentile is dual. The lone positive facet that the U.S. has to

show for their attempts in the current public assistance system is the proviso of free

public instruction, which is higher than in Europe. ( Packet, pg.16 ) In the U.S.

the public assistance system before the 1996 bipartizan alteration, had far more agape

holes in the? societal safety cyberspace? than that of the European provinces. Many

sceptics believe that the 1996 Welfare Reform Bill will do even more injury to

the citizens of the U.S. Peter Edelmaun, the former helper secretary for

planning and rating at the Department of Health and Human Services, resigned

after holding worked over 30 old ages after he read the reformation that was to take

topographic point from the Welfare Reform Bill. ? The measure will travel 20 million people,

including 1.1 million kids, into poorness, and coercing 11 million households

( 10 per centum of all American household families ) under the poorness line which was

last estimated at $ 13,793 for a household of three. ( Atlantic Monthly & A ; Packet,

pg. 46 ) While many European provinces including Sweden, Germany, the United

Kingdom, France, and the Netherlands provide health care Broye 3 centres,

suited lodging, health/recreational watering place, and regulate pay derived functions and

offering generous societal aid to the jobless, the United States late

passed a measure to contract the eligibility for handicapped kids which will ensue

in the remotion of 100,000 to 200,000 of the kids who presently receive SSI.

Senator Edward Kennedy, who voted against the measure, described it best by stating

it was? legislative kid abuse. ? ( Atlantic Monthly ) Even though the universe

sees that the United States needs to broaden their? safety cyberspace? for its

citizens, political discord continues to shorten public assistance? s range to those who

are in demand. The most serious cut to originate from the political blood bath to

make the Welfare Reform Bill is the modification of nutrient casts to three months

out of every three old ages for unemployed grownups under the age of 50 who do non

attention for any siblings. ( Atlantic Monthly ) Alternatively of cutting down the cow ( the

nutrient prov

ided by the authorities ) , why non cut the hard currency cow that many of our

legislative and executive functionaries enjoy holding on a regular footing? The intelligence

gets better for public assistance receivers. There is now a five twelvemonth cap on public assistance assistance

to all receivers, a cap of $ 16.4 billion yearly for support, with no new

support for occupations and work preparation, and the provinces have been given absolute

power of edict to make as they wish with their appointed amounts of public assistance gross.

Be it non the end of the public assistance system to forestall an rebellion in instance of

economic convulsion and transfuse peace-of-mind that there would be preventative

steps in topographic point in the case of an unanticipated calamity? In the instance of the

new reform measure passed by Congress and the President, public assistance will most likely

cause upheaval alternatively of forestalling it. If this were Broye 4 so, so the

United States must inquire whether malnutrition, maltreatment against kids, and deeper

poorness among its citizens is in the best involvement for the interest of? reform. ?

In 1871, Otto von Bismark created the first societal public assistance insurance known to

the universe to assist forestall cultural rebellions in Germany. One ground for our

contemporary public assistance systems that span around the universe is in portion to the

socialist labour motion, which grew merely as a reaction to blue power.

( Packet, pg.17 ) Industrialization was at the threshold of a new century, and

socialistic ideals began to attest themselves into the values of Europe? s

citizens. The menace of a capitalistic opposition towards socialisation conveying

black economical effects and involvement in ordinance of industry alternatively of

ownership, led to the patterned advance of the current public assistance province system. ( Packet,

pg. 12 ) One guess as to why public assistance plans have done good in European

provinces, unlike that of the U.S. , is because of the? royal tyranny. ?

European bureaucratisms had long been seen as a legitimate power in governmental

regulation, so no 1 opposed the reformation to a public assistance system when endorsed by the

blue bloods. ? The general rules of the public assistance province are as universally

recognized and politically invulnerable in Europe as societal security is to the

elderly. ? ( Packet, pg.17 ) Besides the uniquely different histories that

brought Europe and the United States to develop social-economic public assistance

plans, the comparative size in population per province is a finding factor

stated by one hypothesis. The higher disregard of the American public assistance system

could be traced to the spacial obstructions readily seeable in the U.S. Many

political and societal theoreticians refute this theory on the footing, and non to be

taken out of context, that? size doesn? T matter. ? In fact, many theoreticians

believe that because the U.S. is so tightly- Broye 5 knitted in regard to

people per square stat mi ( an norm of 55 people per square stat mi ) , they should be

able to secure a executable manner of managing the quandary refering public assistance

reform. ( Packet, pg.2 ) The closer you are to a community, the more likeliness of

sharing similar involvements and ends. Another account for America? s public assistance

sufferings is that of calming. America has been severally given the name

? runing pot? for the diverse population it holds within its boundary lines.

European provinces do non hold to postulate to the desires of a mostly diverse

population as greatly because most citizens of Europe have heavy ties to their

fatherland and make non frequently portion from their place of birth. In order to pacify the

bulk of the population in America, compromises must be reached.

Unfortunatley, via media can ( and frequently does ) take to the exclusion of

necessary elements to make a sound reform or economical benefit to the

state? s public assistance. The important constituent that could greatly profit the United

States welfare plan is what Europe learned long ago: cooperation,

consideration, and the belief that no 1 must be denied the right for the basic

demands to prolong life as we know it.

Peter Edelmaun, ? The Worst Thing Bill Clinton Has Done, ? Atlantic

Monthly, March 1996. Robert Heilbroner, ? Benign Neglect in the United

States, ? in Transaction, October 1970, Vol.7 # 12. ( Packet ) John Kautsky,

? Contexts of Conservatism, Liberalism, and Socialism, ? in Society, March

April 1996, Vol. 33 # 3. ( Packet ) Katherine McFate, ? First World Poverty, ? in

Focus, November 1991, Vol. 19 # 11. ( Packet ) ? Mr. Blair Goes to Washington, ?

in The Economist Volume 346, Feb. 7, 1998 pp. 15-16. ( Packet )


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