The Irish. Germans and Scandinavians came to the United States for many grounds. freedom. comfort. independency and a opportunity of a better life. Each one of these groups of people had similar grounds for taking the long difficult journey across the Atlantic Ocean. some came by pick and others like the Irish didn’t have a pick. Some were hailed as heroes and others as foolish madcaps. Some carved their topographic point into this state with easiness and others faced poorness and disease. Acerate leaf to state they all found their manner into America and changed the face of American civilization. Why They Came To America
When you think of immigrants coming to the shores of the United States images of Ellis Island come to mind. people with all their secular emanations on their dorsum with hopes of a better life. an American dream “Give me your tired. your hapless. Your huddled multitudes hankering to take a breath free. The deplorable garbage of your pullulating shore. Send these. the homeless. tempest-tost to me. I lift my lamp beside the aureate door! ” This was non needfully the instance. non for the Irish immigrant s that had no pick but to go forth their household and places to get away famishment. ( Phoenixmasonry. Inc. “The New Colossus” by Emma Lazarus. 2010 ) In 1845 blight struck the murphies harvests in Ireland ; the murphies being the chief basic of the Irish people’s diet they were devastated. The Irish people were oppressed by British regulation and forced unrecorded in huts with a little secret plan of land beside to turn murphies. All other harvests were exported and the Irish faced famishment and disease. The British found it to be cheaper to pay for transition to the United States so to back up and individual for a twelvemonth in the work house. ( Gjerde. 1998 ) pg 103 The people of Ireland shortly became the greatest export. ( Oracal Think Quest ) If one survived the ocean trip to the United States they had many obstructions yet to face. Some found their manner to the countryside and settled back into farming but most settled in large metropoliss such as New York. Boston and Philadelphia. Life in the metropoliss was hard. offense. disease and poorness ran through the streets.
They settled in little communities or slums in the metropolis surrounded by fellow countrymen. They found occupations wherever they could. Many became difficult labourers and little communities popped up along jobsites. ( Gjerde. 1998 ) pg102-104 The Irish found favoritism particularly by the Nativist who found the Irish people a menace to the working category occupations and rewards. They feared that the immigrants would take their occupations since they had nil they would work for less. The Irish Catholics were discriminated against. the Nativist found that the Catholic Church played a strong function in authorities and it was feared that the Irish followed the political orders of the church. It was their faith that helped construct their communities and maintain them strong. It was faith. difficult work and fortitude that the Irish persevered and found their manner in their new place. ( Oracal Think Quest ) It was said the German immigrants unlike the Irish did non immigrate to the United States to construct something new so to recover and conserve something old. The German immigrants traveled to the United States in hunt of chance they were go forthing behind the low criterion of rewards in Germany. ( Gjerde. 1998 )
The bulk of German immigrants settled in the in the mid-west where they transplanted their German communities. They set up farms near other Germans and established schools. concern and churches. The German immigrants did non seek to absorb into American society alternatively they created mini reproduction of Germany throughout the West. German households unlike many natural Borns Americans were really economical and conservative with their fundss. When they found economic success or stableness they didn’t build bigger and fancier places they lived modestly. They worked difficult edifice towards a hereafter in their tight knit communities. Like other immigrants they faced adversity but found their manner with more easiness so others through coherence and isolation. ( Gjerde. 1998 ) pg 109 They were said to be “foolish daredevils” but that did non halt Scandinavians from immigrating to the United States. narratives of the dangers of the trip to this unusual new universe circulated around the countryside. With a deficit of profitable employment and deficiency of arable dirt they set out on a long journey to the United States in hunt for economic independency.
Like other immigrants the journey was long and hard and it took difficult work to set up themselves in the United States. Many Scandinavians found the category barriers broken down no longer demoralized for manual labour. In America it was an informed adult male with soberness and a good nature that defined him. Once with a good apprehension of the English linguistic communication the Scandinavians found their manner more easy than other immigrants. they thrived on the energy and finding of the American people. ( Gjerde. 1998 ) pg 101 They settled in rural communities in the mid-west and urban countries. Scandinavians were speedy to absorb into American civilization they supported American ideals such as advancement and difficult work. ( Wikimedia Foundation. Inc. 2011 ) They were really different groups of people that made the long difficult journey to a foreign land in hopes of a better life. Some found their manner with more easiness while others found obstructions around every corner. It was non an easy way to take for any of those seeking a better life ; they faced favoritism. disease and poorness. These early European immigrants formed the alone cultural tapestry of the United States.
Gjerde. J. ( 1998 ) . Major Problems in American Immigration and Ethnic History. Boston. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Oracal Think Quest. ( n. d. ) . Immigration. Retrieved Feb 25. 2011. from The Journey to America The Irish: hypertext transfer protocol: //library. thinkquest. org/20619/Irish. hypertext markup language
Phoenixmasonry. Inc. “The New Colossus” by Emma Lazarus. ( 2010 ) . The Statue of Liberty. Retrieved Feb 25. 2011. from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. phoenixmasonry. org/masonicmuseum/statue_of_liberty. htm
Wikimedia Foundation. Inc. ( 2011. Feb 25 ) . Swedish American. Retrieved Feb 26. 2011. from Wikipedia: hypertext transfer protocol: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Swedish_American