The World War II meant more than Just a war of ideas; it also meant 35-50 million human costs ND the use of the new weapons: radar, tanks, planes( Nee and Welch et al. , 2011, 121). Germany after the treaty of Versailles After the World War l, Germany lost almost everything. They had to disarm, having lust 100,000-man-army for Internal responsibilities. They were forbidden to possess and use tanks, warplanes, submarines. The German empire was to be dismembered; the colonies were taken over by the newly formed League of Nations and distributed to Britain and the Dominion, France, Belgium and Japans mandates; In Europe one- eight of German territory was distributed to France and Belgium in the west, Denmark in the north and Poland in the east”. “The final humiliation was the Allied Insistence that Germany admit its war guilt formally, In the terms of Treaty; and that having done so the German government should undertake to pay in reparation any sum agreed by her victors” (Every and Watercraft, 2009: p. 32).
As a consequence, the Germans were not satisfied with the terms given by the Allies and they were searching for destroying the Versailles treaty system, or just exploiting the terms given. Hitler was exactly what they needed: a person who could make Europe and the whole world listen to Germany. He embroiled a powerful nationalist rebellion against the post-war order, drawing on a rediscovered bitterness towards the victorious Allies, memories of German humiliation and defeat”( Every and Watercraft, 2009: p. 42). The World War II had begun with the Invasion of Poland on the 1st September 1939.
On the 3rd September, France and Great Britain were forced to declare war to Germany. However, the war could have been avoided if Great Britain would have reacted when Germany started rearming, Instead of choosing the appeasement. (News. BBC. Co. UK, 2013) In one way or another, the fact that France and Great Britain id not try to establish peace with Germany when the Germans first invaded the Czechoslovakia territory was one of the reasons which led to war. By not taking actions against Hitler, France and the Great Britain let Hitler believe that he had enough power to conquer all the countries in Europe by breaking all the rules.
For all his actions he always used as an excuse treaty of Versailles ( Lakes and Goldstein, 1999; up. 191-211). In 1938, after Hitler attacked Czechoslovakia, Enviable Chamberlain, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, signed the Munich agreement with the Germans In which It was said that Germans could take the intro over Sutherland(News. BBC. Co. UK, 2013). So the question is: Why can not the World War II be called the “Hitter’s War”? He wanted a short war which would have nations all over the world and it involved not only Europe, but also Africa, the Middle East, East Asia and the Pacific Ocean region.
But Hitler did not want to have force in the Pacific as well, unlike Japan whose main idea was to be the most powerful Empire in the Pacific (Google Books, 2013). In the sass, Japan has transformed from a Western-type parliamentary system into a military dictatorship. Their idea was to expand into the East Asia. After attacking the Chinese side of Manchuria, Japan entered in conflict with Britain and United States(Kelley,2006; up. 211-215). However, after expanding in China, Japan entered in a diplomatic conflict with United States (Nee and Welch et al. 2011; p. 131). What was the difference between the outbreak in Europe and the one in Eastern part of Asia? On the one hand, one important distinction was the role of the individual, which was less pronounced in Japan than in Germany. On the other hand, if we look at the beginning of the World War II more carefully, we notice that two major powers of the 20th century, United States and Russia, were not involved in the war. In August 1939, there was a treaty signed between Russia and Germany- a non-aggression pact ( The Molotov- Robertson Pact).
It was supposed to be a good deal for both sides: Russia did not want to get involved in the war, and Germany learnt from World War I that fighting on two fronts was too risky (Finned, 2010; up. 37- 64). So, what made Russia enter the war? Russians knew that Hitler would not stop Just at conquering France and the treaty he made with Russia made the Russians vulnerable. ‘The nightmare scenario was exactly what happened,’ says Gasbag Interfere, ‘… Hat France would be totally defeated – that was unthinkable to Stalin… For Stalin it was a total disaster, it changed everything.
It turned what was a ruthless but perfectly sensible expedient decision to go into business with Hitler, to ally with Germany, to divide up Eastern Europe, it turned that into a complete disaster and the policy instantly became irrelevant really and a big mistake (History. Com, 2013). United States had the same problem as Russia. They wanted to stay away from the war, but they could not. Franklin Roosevelt, the United States’ president knew that it was almost impossible to peep the peace for a long time: “When peace has been broken anywhere, the peace of all countries everywhere is in danger”(Web. Ii. Ca, 2013). “The United States demanded complete and unconditional withdrawal of troops from China, withdrawal of our recognition of the Nanking Government,and the reduction of the Tripartite Pact to a dead letter. This not only belittled the dignity of our Empire and made it impossible for us to harvest the fruits of the China Incident, but also threatened the very existence of our Empire… Under the circumstances, our Empire has no alternative but to begin war with the United States, Great Britain, and the Netherlands in order to resolve the present crisis and assure survival…
At the moment, our Empire stands at the threshold of glory and oblivion”( Tool Hide, Prime Minister of Japan, address to Imperial Conference, 1 December 1941) (Finned, 2010; p. 264). Six days later, Japan attacks Pearl Harbor, because they wanted to demoralize the United States. But instead of doing so, United States put embargo on oil shipments to embargo was the precipitating cause in the Pacific. Japan declared war to United States because they knew that it was impossible for them to resist with the supply cut off for more than one year. In Europe, the intermediate causes of war were actually domestic ones.
In the whole Europe there were ideological disputes. Another domestic cause was the Great Depression which affected all the countries economically. Most of the country people could not trust their rulers. Thus, for example, in Germany, the Nazi gained the power. People were trusting them because Hitler reestablished the economy of Germany as he promised(Every and Watercraft, 2009; up. 29-83). As for Japan, on the other side of the world, the domestic causes were both deep and intermediate. Japan wanted to expand, while he United State’s preference was not to get involved.
The Treaty of Versailles let unfinished problems and desires in Japan as well as in Germany. Japan wanted to conquer China and the rest of the world because they needed more space and raw materials. Conclusion The World War II was the ‘unfinished business’ of the World War l. World War II was the desire of two other nations to show the rest of the world what they were capable of and how good they are in terms of establishing their own rules over the world. The Treaty of Versailles was the main reason which led to World War II. Germany and Japan were two countries which disagreed with the terms of the Treaty.
They wanted more than they got. The essays main purpose was to show that the ideas of individuals can lead to significant changes. Unlike World War l, World War II did not happen by accident. Agitate Salaaming said that “Impartiality is either a delusion of the simple-minded, a banner of the opportunist, or the boast of the dishonest”( Finned, 2010; p. 304). Applying what Salaaming said to the outbreak of the World War II, we can see that the domestic and the intermediate causes were related to the impartiality. Bibliography Every, R. ND Watercraft, A. 2009. The road to war.