“ The Convention Concerning the Protection of the World ‘s Cultural and Natural Heritage, better known as the World Heritage Convention, was adopted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO ) General Conference in 1972 “ ( Mechtild 2006 ) . The World Heritage Convention ( afterlife referred to as WHC ) , “ developed from the meeting of two motions: one which focussed on the saving of cultural sites, and the other which dealt with the preservation of nature ” ( UNESCO World Heritage Centre 2012d ) . As of September 19, 2012, harmonizing to UNESCO World Heritage Centre ( 2012a ) , “ there are 190 provinces parties ( states ) which have adhered to the WHC ” . These states “ agree to place, protect, preserve and nominate those belongingss within their national boundaries on the Tentative List ( UNESCO World Heritage Centre 2012b ) . This list refers to “ an stock list of the nominative belongingss which a State Party considers to cultural and/or natural heritage of outstanding cosmopolitan value and hence suited for lettering on the World Heritage List “ ( UNESCO World Heritage Centre 2012c ) . Puting belongingss on the Tentative List is as “ the World Heritage Committee can non see a nomination for lettering on the World Heritage List, unless the belongings has already been included on the State Party ‘s Probationary List ” ( UNESCO World Heritage Centre 2012f ) . ‘Outstanding cosmopolitan value ‘ harmonizing to the Government of Western Australia ( 2009 ) , “ is important to the significance of World Heritage, as the importance of the belongings must travel beyond its national boundaries ” . This is the instance with the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, which is admired internationally and “ has been featured to a great extent in touristry publicities ” ( Government of Western Australia 2009 ) . The World Heritage List includes “ 962 belongingss ; 745 cultural, 188 natural and 29 assorted belongingss in 157 of the States Parties ” ( UNESCO World Heritage Centre 2012e ) .
Harmonizing to UNESCO ( 2007 ) cited by ( Timothy 2009 ) , “ the 15 Caribbean states which are party to the WHC are Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Grenada, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Belize, Dominica, Saint Lucia, Haiti, Barbados, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Dominican Republic, Suriname and Cuba, as of October 2006 ” .
Harmonizing to the Government of Western Australia ( 2009 ) , “ the listing of a World Heritage site can be highly good to the state in which the belongings is located, as the listing can greatly increase tourer trial from within the state and abroad ” . The Permanent Secretary in the Division of Culture and Sports in Barbados, Shirley Farnum, said harmonizing to Bajan Reporter ( 2011 ) :
“ Research has shown that states which are listed as World Heritage Sites have seen an overall addition in visitants, in the part of 30 to 40 per cent. ”
Overview of instance surveies
Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Grenada, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago and Guyana
Of the 15 Caribbean states which are party to the WHC, Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Grenada, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago and Guyana are the lone 1s that do non possess belongingss inscribed on the World Heritage List, alternatively, they merely have belongingss which they have submitted on the Tentative List. As “ States Parties are expected to protect the World Heritage values of the belongingss inscribed ” ( UNESCO World Heritage Centre 2012b ) , heritage saving is one benefit from their province being party to the WHC.
Belize, Dominica and Saint Lucia
Belize, Dominica and Saint Lucia are Caribbean provinces party to the understanding that merely possess belongingss inscribed on the World Heritage List.
As stated by UNESCO World Heritage Centre ( 2012d ) , an indispensable benefit of being party to the understanding is “ entree to the World Heritage Fund, which yearly provides around US $ 4 million, to help States Parties in placing, continuing, advancing World Heritage sites ” and for “ sites included on the List of World Heritage in Danger, the attending and the financess are focused on the preservation demands of those peculiarly threatened sites ” ( UNESCO World Heritage Centre 2012d ) . The Rapid Response Facility ( RRF ) , “ a little grants programme jointly operated by the UNESCO World Heritage Centre, the United Nations Foundation and Fauna & A ; Flora International, was designed to supply resources ( financess ) to turn to menaces and exigencies impacting natural World Heritage sites ( NWHS ) in times of crisis ” ( UNESCO World Heritage Centre 2012a ) . The Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System was inscribed onto the List of World Heritage in Danger in 2009 “ due to development force per unit areas which were lending to the devastation of Rhizophora mangle islands ” , and the undermentioned twelvemonth, the “ RRF awarded a Belizean preservation group, with a grant to measure the proposed dredging and mangrove clearance within the Corozal Bay Wildlife Sanctuary ” ( UNESCO World Heritage Centre 2010 ) , which makes up a portion of the Belize Barrier Reef System ” . If Belize was non party to the WHC, so it would non hold been inscribed onto the List of World Heritage in Danger and later received the attending and fiscal support to help its World Heritage Site.
Haiti, Barbados, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Dominican Republic, Suriname and Cuba
Haiti, Barbados, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Dominican Republic, Suriname and Cuba possess belongingss, both inscribed on the World Heritage List and belongingss which they have submitted on the Tentative List.
Harmonizing to UNESCO World Heritage Centre ( 2010a ) , “ the World Heritage Centre helped Haiti assess the extent of the harm and determined how to travel about salvaging its heritage every bit shortly as possible, after the temblor struck in 2010 and caused the prostration of edifices in Centre historique de Jacmel, which Haitian governments topographic points on their Probationary List in 2004 ” . Haiti would non hold benefited from this aid had it non been party to the WHC.
The Permanent Secretary in the Division of Culture and Sports in Barbados, Shirley Farnum, in regard to Barbados ‘ pending World Heritage Site appellation, said:
“ This appellation, hence, while giving Barbados prestigiousness and position all across the universe and international acknowledgment as a state committed to the protection and saving of the universe ‘s shared cultural heritage, would add significantly to the island ‘s touristry merchandise, doing it a more diverse and attractive finish for visitants ” ( Bajan Reporter, 2011 ) .
“ The prestigiousness that comes from being a State Party to the Convention and holding sites inscribed on the World Heritage List frequently raises consciousness for heritage saving and increases public consciousness of the site and its outstanding values ” ( UNESCO World Heritage Centre 2012d ) . After Bridgetown and its Garrison were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Bridgetown by Night Heritage Tours were organized by the National Cultural Foundation ( NCF ) “ to increase cognition about the history of Bridgetown ” ( Henry 2012 ) . These good organized activities brought financess to the Bridgetown and therefore the local economic system.
It is clear that there are a assortment of ways in which Caribbean provinces have really benefitted from being party to the understanding. These include entree to the World Heritage Fund ; support from the Rapid Response Facility ; aid from the World Heritage Centre ; increased public consciousness of the site and its outstanding values, therefore increased consciousness for heritage saving and increased the tourer activities at the site, therefore increased financess to the site and local economic system. Harmonizing to Hambrey Consulting ( 2007 ) , “ instruction is the most common benefit as about all sites have environment and heritage instruction programmes ” .