In A Wrinkle in Time by Madeleine L’Engle ( 1962 ) . 14-year-old Margaret ( Meg ) Murry finds herself in problem and suffering. Her darling male parent has disappeared. her five-year-old brother. Charles Wallace. is the object of ridicule. and she’s holding tremendous jobs at school. Then. one dark and stormy dark. she meets a “woman” with the uneven name of Mrs. Whatsit. who seems to cognize more than she lets on and who leads Meg. Charles Wallace. and a popular male child from Meg’s school. Calvin. 14. on a pursuit to happen Meg’s male parent.
This quest takes them to other planets and into great danger as they pass behind an evil presence called the Black Thing. The kids and their extraterrestrial assistants. Mrs. Whatsit. Mrs. Who. and Mrs. Which. manage to deliver Mr. Murry from a prison planet. but leave Charles Wallace behind during the effort. Mr. Murry uses a technique called a “tesseract” in order to leap from one planet to another to do their flight once the kids free him from his prison cell. But because Mr. Murry is greatly inexperienced at tessering. which is how he ended up on a prison planet in the first topographic point. Meg is about killed.
Once she recovers. she understands that merely she can return to the prison planet by herself to deliver Charles Wallace because the two of them are really near. In the terminal. Meg is successful and the household is reunited back on Earth. I decided to choose this book for my fictional character reappraisal because I remember no other book from my childhood enrapturing me the manner A Wrinkle in Time ( L’Engle. 1962 ) did when my 6th class instructor read it aloud to us. The chance to look at Meg from a different point of position intrigued me. Is she gifted? Does she hold some sort of upset?
Possibly she has dysthymic upset. a sort of low-grade. long-run depression? Does she run into the standards to be diagnosed with Oppositional Defiant Disorder ( ODD ) ? Looking at the narrative from this point of position opens up a whole new manner of seeing this character. and the undertaking of analysing what Meg is sing and what her female parent and instructors could hold done otherwise to back up her is what I hope to carry through. One thing that the staff at Meg’s school and even Meg’s female parent have failed to cover with is Meg’s heartache over the loss of her male parent. Mr. Murry was a physicist who disappeared while making top secret experiments for the authorities.
He’s been gone for a twelvemonth. and the authorities will supply no information about where he is or when. or even if. he will of all time return. Meg’s female parent lives in a sort of denial. anticipating him back at any clip. and so Meg has nowhere to turn to show her heartache. She tries to conceal her feelings like her female parent does. but they merely back up on her as she turns them inward. Possibly because of this. I feel that Meg fits the standards for a diagnosing of dysthymic upset. For a kid or a adolescent. two or three standards must be met for a period of at least a twelvemonth in order to measure up ( Diagnostic and Statistics Manual of Mental Disorders. 2000. P.
311 ) . I believe that Meg meets five of these standards. Meg surely suffers from low self-esteem and feelings of insufficiency. She calls herself a monster and a delinquent. She thinks that her 10-year-old twin brothers. Sandy and Dennys. are the lone normal 1s in the household. She feels her plainness acutely. with her mousey hair. her thick spectacless. and her braces. and she compares herself unfavourably to her female parent. who is a great beauty. Her instructors besides compare her unfavorably to her superb parents right to her face. Meg feels that she is “doing everything incorrect.
” ( L’Engle. 1962. p. 7 ) Another standard of dysthymic depression is feelings of pessimism and desperation and a sort of hopelessness. Meg has been dropped to the lowest subdivision in her category. and her instructors chastise her often for non seeking and non being smart plenty. She is sorrowing the loss of her male parent and his loving support. She is besides subjected to awful town chitchat. such as one time catching a townsperson say. “I’ve heard that cagey people frequently have subnormal kids. ” and that the “unattractive girl” was non “all there” ( L’Engle. 1962. p. 13 ) .
All of these things have culminated in desperation and hopelessness for Meg. She besides suffers from “subjective feelings of crossness or inordinate anger” ( DSM. 2000. p 775 ) . She talks back to and even cries at her instructors and her principal. Mr. Jenkins. when they criticize her or convey up her father’s absence. In add-on. when a male child a twelvemonth older and 25 pound. heavier than she is called Charles Wallace her “dumb babe brother. ” she beat him up so severely that his female parent called to kick ( L’Engle. 1962. p. 8 ) . Another symptom of dysthymic upset is Meg’s inability to concentrate on her school work.
She dependably does her homework every dark. but when she gets to category. she can no longer retrieve what she read. I besides feel that Meg meets the standards established for Oppositional Defiant Disorder. although it is really difficult to cognize precisely how much of an impact her dysthymic upset has had on her ODD behaviour since there is frequently some relationship between the two diagnosings and there are some countries that convergence. With Oppositional Defiant Disorder. there is a form of negative. hostile. defiant or disobedient behaviour towards grownups and/or authorization figures that lasts for six months or longer ( DSM. 2000. P.
100 ) . I feel that Meg’s ODD manifests in six different ways. The first three standards suggest that she suffers from ODD because she often loses her pique. is quite touchy or easy annoyed. and she argues with grownups who are in authorization. At school. as I mentioned before. she talks back to her instructors and to the principal. she gets angry and cries at them. and there was besides the incident on the manner place from school in which she beat up an older male child. She besides has a form of actively declining to follow with the regulations of grownups.
In this instance. Meg’s female parent believes that Meg has set up a mental block about math. For most of her life. Meg’s parents tested her IQ and played a batch of math games with her. They know that she is gifted. and they taught her a batch of short cuts in math. so that Meg can really make math that is two classs above her. However. in 9th class. the class that Meg is in. the math instructor wants Meg to demo her work ; she wants Meg to make the math the long manner so that the instructor can see that Meg knows how she arrived at the consequence.
This annoys Meg to no terminal as she thinks it is a entire waste of her clip. so Meg garbages to make it. Another standard of ODD that Meg meets is making things on intent to worsen other people. For illustration. when Meg is called into the principal’s office. Mr. Jenkins starts inquiring her inquiries about her losing male parent. Meg starts shouting at him and when he asks her to maintain her voice down. she refuses and merely shouts all the louder. Last. Meg blames others for her misbehaviour. It’s the teacher’s mistake. or the principal’s mistake. or the mistake of the male child who taunted her.
She does non take duty for her ain actions. It’s unfortunate that Meg has non received the mental wellness intervention that she needs. But it’s of import to retrieve that the scene is 1962. and that the guidelines for these mental wellness upsets had non yet been established. School functionaries and instructors were frequently working in the dark and had no thought how to manage “problem children” like Meg. Her instructors berate her for non seeking and the principal tells her that she must confront facts about her father’s absence.
Meg’s female parent is making her best to keep her household together in the face of mortifying rumours and the loss of the adult male she loves. Because of her ain heartache. it no uncertainty ne’er occurred to her that Meg could utilize some professional aid. In decision. one would trust that these yearss. Meg’s heartache. her dysthymic depression. and her ODD would be identified by her instructors or her female parent. and addressed by the school societal worker. She should decidedly be having aid from a mental wellness professional.
If the subject of the loss of her male parent is excessively sensitive for Meg to discourse with anyone at school. such as a school psychologist. so she should be offered the opportunity to speak to person from another town. As it is. her chief intimate and her emotional stone is her five-year-old brother. Charles Wallace. and although he is smart and mature for his age. he can’t bear that load for her. Mentions American Psychiatric Association. ( 2000 ) . Diagnostic and statistics manual of mental upsets ( 4th erectile dysfunction. . Text alteration ) . Washington. D. C. : American Psychiatric Association. L’Engle. M. ( 1962 ) . A furrow in clip. New York: Farrar. Straus. & A ; Giroux.